2 Unpacking the Standards After reading the section, you will be able to:Discuss the ideas and figures that shaped the Constitution.Describe the system of checks and balances.Explain how Americans reacted to the Constitution.
3 What Ideas Influenced the Framers? Shoulder partnerWhy are the men who wrote the Constitution called its “framers”?The Constitution is like an “instruction book” that explains the basic structure of our governmentA Plan of Governmentthe rigid supporting structure of an object such as a vehicle, building, or piece of furniture.A Frame
4 Charles de Montesquieu Influences, Cont’dTripartite = 3 part123Charles de MontesquieuShoulder partnerWhat do you think “tripartite” means?
5 What Ideas Influenced the Framers? The monarch had to obey the lawNo taxation without representationThe accused have the right to a trial by juryMagna CartaSUMMARY:governmentalpower must be limited by laws.English Billof RightsPeople had the right to a fair and speedy trial by juryPeople had the right of petitionNatural rights (life, liberty, and property)Govts job to protect these rightsIf gov’t interferes with these rights, people can overthrow the gov’tJohn Locke
6 government for the entire nation The Federal SystemFederal Gov’tCentral Gov’tNational Gov’tgovernment for the entire nationSTATES
7 THIS IS CALLED FEDERALISM Shared PowersFederalismFederal Gov’ttaxregulate tradecontrol currencyraise an armydeclare warState Gov’tpass/enforce lawsregulate tradeest. local govt’sestablish schoolsThe federal government and the state governments SHARE POWERTHIS IS CALLED FEDERALISM
8 The Constitution is The Supreme Law of the Land no state could make laws that went against the Constitutionno state could take actions that went against the Constitutiondisputes between the federal gov’t and the states would be settled in the federal courts on the basis of the ConstitutionThe Constitution is the final and supreme authoritySUPREME
9 Article I of the Constitution articles =partsThe Legislative Branch makeslawsCONGRESSHouse of RepresentativesSenateMembership435 members(proportional)100(2 from each state)Term of Office2 years6 yearsQualifications25 years oldcitizen for 7 yearsmust live in state30 years oldcitizen for 9 yearsBicameral
10 Powers of Congress collecting taxes coining money regulating trade declare warmake all laws needed to fulfill the functions given to it as stated in the Constitution
11 Article II of the Constitution The Executive Branch(enforces the nation’s laws)Vice-Pres.Cabinetcommander in chief of the armed forcesconducts relations with other countries
12 Article III of the Constitution The Judicial Branch(interprets the nation’s laws)Back row (left to right): Sonia Sotomayor, Stephen G. Breyer, Samuel A. Alito, and Elena Kagan. Front row (left to right): Clarence Thomas, Antonin Scalia, Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Anthony Kennedy, and Ruth Bader Ginsburg
13 What is the word meaning Checks and BalancesTo keep any one branch from gaining too much power.Separation of PowerMontesquieuShoulder partnerWhat is the word meaning“3 parts”?To “check” =limit
14 The Debate Over Ratification (argument)(approval)YESU.S. ConstitutionNOAnti-FederalistsFederalistsThe Federalist PapersJohn Jay, James Madison, Alexander HamiltonAnti-Federalists would NOT support the Constitution without a . . .a series of essays explaining and defending the ConstitutionBill of RightsMercy Otis Warren
15 Adopting the Constitution out of states had to ratify the Constitution before it could go into effect.9131st State to Ratify = Delaware9th State to Ratify = New HampshireBUT . . .Without the support of two critical states – New York and Virginia – the future of the new government was not promising.Finally, in May 1790, Rhode Island became the 13th state to ratify
16 3.3 SummaryIdeas and thinkers of the past influenced the creation of the United States Constitution.The Constitution outlines the responsibilities and the limits of the three branches of government.Americans reacted to the proposed Constitution in different ways