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A New Plan of Government

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Presentation on theme: "A New Plan of Government"— Presentation transcript:

1 A New Plan of Government

2 Unpacking the Standards
After reading the section, you will be able to: Discuss the ideas and figures that shaped the Constitution. Describe the system of checks and balances. Explain how Americans reacted to the Constitution.

3 What Ideas Influenced the Framers?
Shoulder partner Why are the men who wrote the Constitution called its “framers”? The Constitution is like an “instruction book” that explains the basic structure of our government A Plan of Government the rigid supporting structure of an object such as a vehicle, building, or piece of furniture. A Frame

4 Charles de Montesquieu
Influences, Cont’d Tripartite = 3 part 1 2 3 Charles de Montesquieu Shoulder partner What do you think “tripartite” means?

5 What Ideas Influenced the Framers?
The monarch had to obey the law No taxation without representation The accused have the right to a trial by jury Magna Carta SUMMARY: governmental power must be limited by laws. English Bill of Rights People had the right to a fair and speedy trial by jury People had the right of petition Natural rights (life, liberty, and property) Govts job to protect these rights If gov’t interferes with these rights, people can overthrow the gov’t John Locke

6 government for the entire nation
The Federal System Federal Gov’t Central Gov’t National Gov’t government for the entire nation STATES

Shared Powers Federalism Federal Gov’t tax regulate trade control currency raise an army declare war State Gov’t pass/enforce laws regulate trade est. local govt’s establish schools The federal government and the state governments SHARE POWER THIS IS CALLED FEDERALISM

8 The Constitution is The Supreme Law of the Land
no state could make laws that went against the Constitution no state could take actions that went against the Constitution disputes between the federal gov’t and the states would be settled in the federal courts on the basis of the Constitution The Constitution is the final and supreme authority SUPREME

9 Article I of the Constitution
articles = parts The Legislative Branch makes laws CONGRESS House of Representatives Senate Membership 435 members (proportional) 100 (2 from each state) Term of Office 2 years 6 years Qualifications 25 years old citizen for 7 years must live in state 30 years old citizen for 9 years Bicameral

10 Powers of Congress collecting taxes coining money regulating trade
declare war make all laws needed to fulfill the functions given to it as stated in the Constitution

11 Article II of the Constitution
The Executive Branch (enforces the nation’s laws) Vice-Pres. Cabinet commander in chief of the armed forces conducts relations with other countries

12 Article III of the Constitution
The Judicial Branch (interprets the nation’s laws) Back row (left to right): Sonia Sotomayor, Stephen G. Breyer, Samuel A. Alito, and Elena Kagan. Front row (left to right): Clarence Thomas, Antonin Scalia, Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Anthony Kennedy, and Ruth Bader Ginsburg

13 What is the word meaning
Checks and Balances To keep any one branch from gaining too much power. Separation of Power Montesquieu Shoulder partner What is the word meaning “3 parts”? To “check” = limit

14 The Debate Over Ratification
(argument) (approval) YES U.S. Constitution NO Anti- Federalists Federalists The Federalist Papers John Jay, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton Anti-Federalists would NOT support the Constitution without a . . . a series of essays explaining and defending the Constitution Bill of Rights Mercy Otis Warren

15 Adopting the Constitution
out of states had to ratify the Constitution before it could go into effect. 9 13 1st State to Ratify = Delaware 9th State to Ratify = New Hampshire BUT . . . Without the support of two critical states – New York and Virginia – the future of the new government was not promising. Finally, in May 1790, Rhode Island became the 13th state to ratify

16 3.3 Summary Ideas and thinkers of the past influenced the creation of the United States Constitution. The Constitution outlines the responsibilities and the limits of the three branches of government. Americans reacted to the proposed Constitution in different ways

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