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Drug Addiction Mental Illness Unit.

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Presentation on theme: "Drug Addiction Mental Illness Unit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Drug Addiction Mental Illness Unit

2 Drug Addiction Is it a mental illness?
Millions of Americans depend on drugs so heavily that they hurt themselves physically, socially, and psychologically For this reason drug addiction is covered in the DSM-V Psychological Dependence: use of a drug to such an extent that a person feels nervous and anxious without it Variety of drugs

3 Drug Addiction Addiction Definition: a pattern of drug abuse characterized by an overwhelming and compulsive desire to obtain and use the drug Drugged state for addicts becomes the body’s “normal” state Both a psychological and physical need Tolerance: physical adaptation to a drug so that a person needs an increased amount in order to produce the original effect

4 Drug Addiction Withdrawal: symptoms that occur after a person discontinues the use of a drug to which he or she has become addicted Vary from person to person Mild nausea Shakes Hallucinations Convulsions Coma Death

5 Alcoholism Most serious drug problem in America
77% of all high school seniors have consumed alcohol (48% within the last month) 44% of students ENTERING HIGH SCHOOL have tried alcohol 29% have had 5 or more drinks in a row within the last two weeks 3% of graduating seniors are drinking alcohol daily 3rd leading “lifestyle-related” cause of death in America

6 Alcoholism “Social Drug”
First psychological function that slows down is our inhibitions Alcohol is not a stimulant – it is a depressant As consumption increases, one by one the persons psychological and physiological functions begin to shut down

7 Alcoholism Four Stage Disease Model:
Stage I: individual drinks and relaxation encourages more drinking Stage II: secret drinking occurs, with blackouts and no memory of drinking Stage III: rationalization to justify drinking Stage IV: impaired thinking and compulsive drinking May develop from both environmental or genetic factors 3 to 4 times more likely if a family member is an alcoholic

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