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Educational Psychology: Theory and Practice Chapter 6Information Processing and Cognitive Theories of Learning This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. ISBN: Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003
Organizing Questions What Is Information Processing Model?What Causes People to Remember or Forget? How Can Memory Strategies Be Taught? What Makes Information Meaningful?
Organizing Questions How Do Cognitive Skills Help Students Learn?What Study Strategies Help Students Learn? How Do Cognitive Teaching Strategies Help Students Learn?
Information-Processing Theory“Cognitive Theory of Learning that describes the Processing, Storage, and Retrieval of Knowledge in the Mind.”
Sensory Register Perception Attention Gaining Attention
Short-Term Memory Working Memory Rehearsal Working Memory CapacityIndividual Differences
Long-Term Memory Episodic Memory Semantic Memory Procedural MemoryFlashbulb Memory Semantic Memory Schemata Procedural Memory
Schema for the Concept “Cat”Description Small Furry Non-mammals Diet Meat Loves Tuna Animals Cat Mammals Non-cat Uses Catch Mice Companions
Factors Enhancing Long-Term MemoryType of Information Time Degree of Learning Instructional Strategies
Other Information Processing ModelsLevels-of-Processing Theory Dual Code Theory Visual Verbal Parallel Distributed Processing Model Connectionist Models
Research on the Brain Brain Specialization Hemispheric AsymmetryLeft Hemisphere Right Hemisphere Importance of Early Stimulation Plasticity Efficiency
Forgetting and RememberingInterference Retroactive Inhibition Proactive Inhibition Individual Differences Facilitation Proactive Retroactive Primacy Effects Recency Effects Automaticity Implications for Education
Practice Massed Practice Distributed Practice Enactment
How can Memory Strategies be Taught?“If students can memorize the routine things more efficiently, they can free their minds for tasks that involve understanding and reasoning.” (p. 194)
Verbal Learning Paired-Associate Learning Serial LearningFree-Recall Learning
Paired-Associate LearningImagery Keyword Mnemonics Research Findings
Serial and Free-Recall LearningLoci Method Pegword Method Initial-Letter Strategies
Rote versus Meaningful LearningRote Learning Meaningful Learning Uses of Rote Learning Inert Knowledge
Schema Theory Hierarchies of KnowledgeThe Importance of Background Knowledge
How Do Metacognitive Skills Help Students Learn?Metacognition Metacognitive Skills Thinking Study Skills Self-Assessment Prediction Self-Questioning Strategies
Helpful Study StrategiesNote Taking Underlining Summarizing Writing to Learn Outlining and Mapping The PQ4R Method
Making Learning Relevant and Activating Prior KnowledgeAdvance Organizers Analogies Elaboration
Organizing InformationUsing Questioning Techniques Using Conceptual Models Graphs Charts Tables Matrices
End of Chapter 6
Cognitive Development Theory
Chapter 8 Comprehension: Text Structures and Teaching Procedures This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following.
Chapter 14 Speaking to Inform This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public.
Week 3 Memory & Information Processing. The Nature of Memory What is Memory? Memory The retention of information over time What is involved in Memory?
Copyright © 2004 by Allyn and Bacon Cognitive Views of Learning Chapter 7 This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2009 Public Speaking: An Audience-Centered Approach – 7 th edition Chapter 15 Speaking to Inform This multimedia product and.
Copyright (c) 2003 Allyn & Bacon Chapter 15 Teaching in the Content Areas This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The.
Copyright 2001 by Allyn and BaconCopyright 2001 by Allyn and Bacon Cognitive Views of Learning Woolfolk, Chapter 7.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2011 Planning Instruction for Content Literacy Chapter 5 This multimedia product and its content are protected under copyright.
Reading and Writing in the Content Areas and Study Skills
Chapter 6 Building Vocabulary This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: –any public.
Guiding Reading Comprehension
Schemata and Information Processing. Types of Declarative Knowledge Chunks ImageProposition Type of information preserved Spatial relationships among.
Thanks for the memories Functional aspects of memory Richard Fielding Department of Community Medicine HKU.
Chapter 7 Memory: Encoding & Storage. The Nature of Memory Memory: the mental process by which information is encoded and stored in the brain and later.
Information Processing and Memory Chapter 6 Ergle.
Memory Chapter 6.
Chapter 7 Comprehension: Theory and Strategies This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Chapter 6 Selecting Your Speech Topic This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2011 Activating Prior Knowledge and Interest Chapter 6 This multimedia product and its content are protected under copyright.
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