Presentation on theme: "HEALTH & FITNESS. At GCSE it is vital that we learn the definitions of various key terms HEALTH A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being."— Presentation transcript:
At GCSE it is vital that we learn the definitions of various key terms HEALTH A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. FITNESS The ability to meet the demands of the environment
Performance & Exercise PERFORMANCE How well a task is completed EXERCISE A form of physical activity done primarily to improve one’s health and physical fitness
HEALTH related exercise & SKILL related fitness HEALTH RELATED EXERCISE SKILL RELATED FITNESS
HEALTH related exercise & SKILL related fitness HEALTH RELATED EXERCISE SKILL RELATED FITNESS CARDIOVASCULAR FITNESS MUSCULAR STRENGTH MUSCULAR ENDURANCE FLEXIBILTY BODY COMPOSITION AGILITY BALANCE CO-ORDINATION POWER REACTION TIME SPEED
AGILITY The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body E.G DODGING A TACKLE IN RUGBY BALANCE The ability to retain the centre of mass (gravity) of the body above the base of support with reference to static – stationary, or dynamic – changing, conditions of movement, shape and orientation. E.G. A GYMNAST HOLDING A HANDSTAND WHILE ON THE BEAM CO- ORDINATION The ability to use two or more body parts together. E.G A BADMINTON PLAYER POWER The ability to do strength performances quickly E.G. AN ATHLETE MOVING QUICKLY ACROSS THE CIRCLE TO THROW THE DISCUS REACTION TIME The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of a movement. E.G A GOALKEEPER MOVING THEIR HANDS QUICKLY TO SAVE A SHOT. SPEED The differential rate an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a short period of time. E.G A SPRINTER MOVING ARMS AND LEGS VERY QUICKLY TO COVER THE DISTANCE AS FAST AS POSSIBLE SKILL RELATED FITNESS
What element of health related exercise is most important for this performer? Explain your answer.
List the three most important elements of skill related fitness to these performers. Give examples of why such elements help them to perform better.
What is the difference between these two runners? How does body composition differ between the two and why is this important for their performance?