Presentation on theme: "In 1919 the leaders of the Allies met in France, to decide the terms of peace at the end of the Great War. They chose to meet in the Palace used by the."— Presentation transcript:
In 1919 the leaders of the Allies met in France, to decide the terms of peace at the end of the Great War. They chose to meet in the Palace used by the Kings of France. In the Hall of Mirrors Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles.
Georges Clemenceau was the prime minister of France; he was nicknamed "the Tiger". He wanted to make Germany pay for all of the damage that France had suffered. Germany to return Alsace-Lorraine to France; this had been taken by Germany in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian war. Some of his family had been killed in this war. Germany to pay reparations to cover the cost of rebuilding things destroyed in the war (750,000 houses and 23,000 factories). This was basically compensation. France should be given the Rhineland (the area near the River Rhine), taking it away from Germany. The main leaders were known as the ‘Big Three’.They were the leaders of France, Britain and America. Raaar!
David Lloyd George was the Prime Minister of Britain. He was sometimes known as the ‘Welsh Wizard’. In Britain most people wanted Germany to be punished: "Squeeze Germany until the pips squeak“ Lloyd George believed that he had to compromise: Germany should not be treated too harshly. Germany ought to lose her overseas colonies. Germany should be allowed to recover, so she could trade with Britain. Lloyd George suggested that the Rhineland was ‘demilitarised’ – Germany could put no troops there. Lloyd George had fought a General Election in 1918, saying he would ‘make Germany pay’, and so had to appear to be very harsh to the Germans. Shazam!
Woodrow Wilson was the President of the United States of America. Wilson wanted the "Fourteen Points", to help prevent wars: Including A League of Nations to be set up.
It is sometimes known as the ‘Big Four’ Vittiro Orlando Leader of Italy Italy changed sides during the war He stormed out of the conference (the big girl) because he fell out with Wilson He wanted some more territory for Italy
Prep! For Tuesday: write a play about the ‘Big Four’ at Versailles! Include: Who everyone was, what did they want to do and why (focus on the Big Three and their aims). Need around one side A4!
What happened? 32 delegates attended. But the ‘Big Three’ made most of the decisions Versailles was a compromise Not one of the leaders was entirely pleased with it. Clemenceau said, “This is not a peace. It is a cease-fire for twenty years”. Nineteen years and ten months later, Germany invaded Poland to start World War Two. Lloyd George also saw it as a failure. When asked how he felt he had done, he said, “not badly, considering that I was seated between Jesus Christ and Napoleon”
Germany had to accept blame for starting the war. This was known as the War Guilt Clause (Article 231.) Germany had to pay REPARATIONS to the other countries. Germany had to pay £6,600,000,000. A League of Nations was set up, but Germany was banned from joining. Germany and Austria were forbidden from uniting: Anschluss The League controlled German colonies, known as mandates. Germany lost a lot of land. Saarland to League Colonies to League Rhineland was kept, but demiliatarised Alsace-Lorraine to France ‘Polish Corridor’ to Poland The Main Points Were:
Terms Germany to be split by the Polish Corridor, giving Poland access to the sea. The German army to only contain 100,000 men. Conscription to be banned. Germany may not own tanks, aeroplanes or submarines. German navy can only have six battleships.