Presentation on theme: "The Dawn of History and the Beginning of Civilization"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Dawn of History and the Beginning of Civilization
2 Old Stone Age/Paleolithic Age Earliest people thought to live in East AfricaLived in small hunting groups (20-30)They were nomadsEvidence of religion and art left 30,000 years ago.1974 Donald Johanson found “Lucy” in Ethiopia.France Spain and northern Africa: cave paintings. Burial of dead suggests belief in afterlife.
3 c. 15,000-12,000 BC bison length 77 in. (195 cm) Altamira, Spain
4 New Stone Age/ Neolithic Age 11,000 years agoPlanted seeds/farmedDomesticated animalsIncreased populationMore possessions.Created new technologiesEventually led to Civilizations.Not sure where started: middle east then spread.
5 Features of Civilization 1.) cities2.) well-organized central governments3.) complex religion4.) job specialization5.) social classes6.) arts and architecture7.) public works8.) writing
6 River Valley Civilizations Tigris and EuphratesNile RiverIndus RiverYellow RiverHuang He
7 BureaucracyA system of running the government through departments run by appointed officials.
8 The belief in more than one god. PolytheisticThe belief in more than one god.
9 ArtisansSkilled craft workers, who made pottery or finely carved or woven goods.
10 PictogramsSimple drawings to show the words represented.
11 ScribesSpecially trained people who learned to read or write.
12 City-StateA political unit that included a city and its surrounding lands and villages.
13 EmpireGroup of states or territories controlled by one ruler.