Presentation on theme: "From the Paleolithic Era to Civilization"— Presentation transcript:
1 From the Paleolithic Era to Civilization Early HumansFrom the Paleolithic Era to Civilization
2 PrehistoryThe time period before writing was invented is known as Prehistory.History is the time period after writing was invented.Prehistory is also known as the Stone Age.The Stone Age has two parts:Old Stone Age or PaleolithicNew Stone Age or Neolithic
3 During the Old Stone Age or Paleolithic era, people lived as nomads, in small hunting and food gathering groups. These people:2were nomadsmade simple tools and weaponsout of stone, bone, or wood;used caves and rocky overhangs for shelter;cave paintingsGave us an understanding of what life was like thenLascaux, Altamiralearned to build firesfor warmth, cooking, light, and ceremonies.Also used as a tool, weapon and a signalinvented tools for hunting, fishing, protection, and shelterhad spoken languageNeeded for communication among one another so people could share ideas and trade
4 Causes of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution 1. The change in climate was a major factor for the Agricultural Revolution.2. Rising temperatures allowed for longer growing seasons and drier land for cultivating.3. A large supply ofgrain led to population growth.4. A growing population led to a need to look for new food.5. Farming offered a steady source of food.
5 The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution 2The Neolithic Agricultural RevolutionNeolithic Agricultural Revolution was the change from nomadic to farming life. This led to the development of civilizationPEOPLE BEFOREPEOPLE AFTERRelied on hunting and gathering.Learned to farm and were able to produce their own food.Nomads lived in small hunting and food-gathering groups.Settled into permanent villages.Waited for migrating animals to return each year.Learned to domesticate, or tame, animals. This provided a dependable source of meat.
6 Summary of Progress During the Stone Age Some achievements during Stone Age were invention of tools, controlling fire and development of languagePaleolithic Age (2.5 million to 8000 B.C.) was the earlier part of the Stone Age in the Ice AgeThe earliest stone chopping tools can be dated to the Paleolithic AgeNeolithic Age (8000 to 3000 B.C.) was know n as the New Stone Age.In the Neolithic Age people learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops and raise animals
7 5. At one point, there were about 6,000 people living in the village. 6. Religious rituals were dedicated to a mother goddess who was believed to control thesupply of grain.
8 7. Some of the problems with this new way of life were: a. Villages could be destroyed by floods,fire, drought & other natural disasters.b. Diseases spread quickly because people lived so close to each other.c. A village could be open to attackfrom neighboring villagers ornomads.
10 What led to the rise of civilizations? 3What led to the rise of civilizations?Farmers began cultivating lands along river valleys and producing surplus, or extra, food.Surpluses helped populations expand.As populations grew, some villages swelledinto cities.
11 Basic Features of a Civilization 3A civilization is a complex, highly organized social order. Historians distinguish eight basic features found in most early civilizations:1. Cities2. Well-organized central governmentsComplex religions-Most were polytheistic,4. Job specialization5. Social classes6. Arts and architecture7. Public works8. Writing-developed pictograms
12 PERSIAN Refer to Handout! In AP World History, we use PERSIAN to describe various societies, civilizations, empires and nations.IntellectualArtisticNearPoliticalEconomicReligiousSocialRefer to Handout!
13 Civilizations Spread and Change Civilizations spread when ancient rulers gained more power and conquered territories beyond the boundaries of their cities.Civilizations change when thephysical environment changes.Example: A tremendous volcano may have wiped out Minoan civilization.Powerful rulers created city-statesand empires.Interactions among people alsocause cultures to change.A city-state included a city andits surrounding lands andvillages.Cultural diffusion is the spreadof ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another. Cultural diffusion occurred through migration, trade, and warfare.An empire is a group of states orterritories controlled by oneruler.
14 Key Questions What advances did people make during the Old Stone Age? 2Key QuestionsWhat advances did people make during the Old Stone Age?How can we learn about the religious beliefs of early people?Why was the Neolithic agricultural revolution a turning point in history?What are the key features of civilization?
15 TASK: Early Humans Comic Strip You have recently been hired by the local paper to create a comic strip that illustrates the changes in human development from the Paleolithic Era to the rise of civilizations.Your task is to create a 3-frame comic strip that illustrates the unique characteristics of each time period.Refer back to your notes and reading on Early Humans for help.
16 You must include:3 Drawings or clip art figures of early man (no stick figures)Drawings should illustrate features of the period.Captions, conversation bubbles and/or tag linesColorSummary of each time periodGoing Hunting.