Presentation on theme: "August, 2013. System of measurement based on the decimal or powers of 10 The word ’metric’ comes from the French word for ‘measure’ Official name of the."— Presentation transcript:
System of measurement based on the decimal or powers of 10 The word ’metric’ comes from the French word for ‘measure’ Official name of the metric system is the international system of measurements, or SI What is the metric system?
It’s HARD to convert between units! QUIZ TIME 1.How many inches are in a foot? 2.How many feet are in a mile? 3.How many inches in a yard? 4.How many yards in a mile? 5.How many ounces are in a pound? 6.How many pounds are in a ton? 7.How many cups are in a pint? 8.How many teaspoons in a tablespoon? 9.How many ounces in a gallon? 10.How many pints in a quart? What’s wrong with our system? Answers: 1.12 2.5,280 3.36 4.1,760 5.16 6.2,000 7.2 8.3 9.128 10.2 LOOK HOW MANY DIFFERENT NUMBERS TO MEMORIZE!!!
It’s EASY to convert between units! Proof! 1 kilometer = 1,000 meters = 100,000 centimeters 1 liter = 1,000 milliliters 1 kilogram = 1,000,000 milligrams 1 meter = 100 centimeters 1 gram = 10 decigrams What’s right with the metric system?
The “standard”, “customary”, or “English” system of measurement comes from the creative way that people measured for themselves. Before there was a standard of measurement, people used their bodies or household items to measure things. Inch: At first an inch was the width of a man's thumb. In the 14th century, King Edward II of England ruled that 1 inch equaled 3 grains of barley placed end to end lengthwise. Foot: In ancient times, the foot was 11¼ inches. Today it is 12 inches, the length of the average man's foot. Yard: A yard was originally the length of a man's belt. In the 12th century, King Henry I of England fixed the yard as the distance from his nose to the thumb of his out-stretched arm. Today it is 36 inches. A mile was created from someone taking 1,000 steps A gallon is the old name for a pail None of these measurements are consistent! What else is wrong with our system?
It is based on powers of 10! Each metric prefix refers to a number that relates to the base unit What else is right with the metric system?
1)Scientists need a universal way to communicate data (SI Units) 2)Other countries’ companies are refusing to buy products from the U.S. if not labeled in metric units 3)Almost all other countries are using the metric system Why use the metric system? USA Liberia Burma/Myanmar
A meter is about the same length as a yard A meter is about three feet long A decimeter is about four inches long An inch is about 25 millimeters A foot contains about 30 centimeters A foot contains about 3 decimeters Approximate Metric vs U.S. Length Conversions
Three standard or base units The gram measures mass or how much something weighs The liter measures volume which is used when measuring liquids The meter measures the length of an object or the distance from place to place Prefixes plus base units make up the metric system Centi + meter = Centimeter (1/100 of a meter) Kilo + liter = Kiloliter (1,000 liters) What does the metric system measure?