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Unit 2: The United States and Canada Human Geography of Canada.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 2: The United States and Canada Human Geography of Canada."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 2: The United States and Canada Human Geography of Canada

2 History and government of Canada

3 Colonization Colonized by France and England during the 16 th and 17 th centuries. France lost its claims after the French and Indian War, however many French settlers remained.

4 The Road Towards Unity Issues between French Catholics and British protestants lead to tension. – Solution: provinces Dominion of Canada (united provinces— confederation)

5 Expansion Just like the US, Canada used a transcontinental RR to transport people and goods across the territory Gold was discovered – Copper – Zinc – Silver Large amounts of immigrants migrated to Canada

6 Canadian Government Parliamentary Government – Similar to what other country? Legislative and executive are combined – Parliament Central federal government Smaller provincial governments The majority party’s leader in Parliament: Prime Minister

7 Economy and Culture

8 A Diverse Economy Primary Industries: – Farming – Logging – Mining – fishing

9 A Diverse Economy Secondary Sector: – Manufacturing Cars, steel, household appliances, electronics, mining equipment, etc.

10 A Diverse Economy Tertiary Sector: – Makes up the most GDP – Finance – Utilities – Trade – Transportation – Tourism – Communications – Insurance – Real estate

11 Language and Religion Bilingual Protestant Catholic Muslims, Jews, and others are growing

12 Population Most people settle in: – Port cities: Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver – Agricultural areas 80% of all citizens live on 10% of country’s land

13 Life Today Sports and Recreation: – Hockey – Skiing/snowboarding – Hunting – Football – Baseball – Basketball

14 Life Today The Arts – Literature dating back to the indigenous peoples – Carvings using natural material – Music – Movies – Theater – Paintings, sculptures

15 Subregions of Canada

16 Atlantic Provinces Prince Edward Island New Brunswick Nova Scotia Newfoundland

17 Atlantic Provinces 8% of population lives here Rugged terrain Severe weather Major economic activities: – Logging – Manufacturing (fish-processing) – Mining – Hydroelectric power

18 Core Provinces Quebec Ontario

19 Core Provinces 3/5 of the population live here Ontario: English speaking Quebec: French speaking

20 Core Provinces Center of politics and economics 35% of agricultural production 45% of mineral output 70% of manufacturing

21 Prairie Provinces Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta

22 Prairie Provinces Part of the Great Plains 50% of agricultural production (yield) 60% of mineral output 90% of Canada’s natural gas

23 Prairie Provinces Population Ethnicities: – Scots-Irish – Germans – Scandinavians – Ukrainians – Poles – Indian – Japanese – Lebanese – Vietnamese

24 Pacific Province and Territories British Columbia Yukon territory Northwest Territories Nunavut

25 Pacific Province and Territories British Columbia: – Lies in the Rockies – Over half of land is densely forested – 1/3 is tundra – Glaciers – Logging, mining, hydroelectric power

26 Pacific Province and Territories Territories – 41% of country’s landmass – Small populations in each area – Inuit live mostly in Nunavut

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