Presentation on theme: "Mandatory Inservice INFECTION CONTROL. At the completion of this module the participant will be able to: Define Standard Precautions Discuss The Chain."— Presentation transcript:
At the completion of this module the participant will be able to: Define Standard Precautions Discuss The Chain of Infection List steps to follow after a body fluid exposure Define Tuberculosis Define VRE and MRSA
Standard precautions As defined by the CDC in 1996, Standard Precautions are environmental practices: Designed to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne pathogens and moist body substances. Designed to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources.
Standard Precautions Apply to: Blood All Body Fluids and secretions except sweat. Non-intact skin Mucous membranes
Goal of Infection Control The goal of infection control is to prevent the transmission of disease by utilizing procedures that break the Chain of Infection
Chain of Infection The Chain of Infection includes: The presence of an infectious organism (Pathogen) capable of causing disease.
The Chain of Infection A Portal of Exit which allows the organism to leave the reservoir.
The Chain of infection A Reservoir which can be animate or inanimate, that serves as a breeding ground for the organism.
Chain of Infection A Mode of Transmission which is the way an organism travels to another person.
Chain of Infection There are 4 Modes of transmission: Direct or indirect contact Vehicle Airborne Vector
Chain of infection A Portal of Entry which allows the organism into another person or animal.
Chain of Infection A Susceptible Host who lacks effective resistance to the organism.
VRE Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci Found in stool Direct or indirect contact Must be isolated Must wash with Hibiclens
MRSA Methicillin Resistant Staph Aureus Direct contact Skin, nose, blood and urine Must be isolated Affects those with poor resistance
Confidentiality Do not discuss patient information Guard patient files/computer from view Ensure privacy during care
HIV Confidentiality Recorded in the medical record Free of Disclosure and Discrimination Includes HIV Tests, Infection and /or Aids related illness Failure to maintain confidentiality can result in legal action which includes fines and potential time in prison. Specific protocols are found in the Policy Manual
Policy and procedure Policy and Procedure manuals are available in every department: Management of Post-Exposure Incidents Post Exposure Protocol General Safety/Exposure Control Plan Approved Cleaning and Disinfecting agents