Overview WHAT IS MANUFACTURING? PRESENTATION
The FLATE Center for Manufacturing Education wishes to make available, for educational and non-commercial purposes only, materials of the “WHAT IS MANUFACTURING” presentation comprised of images, texts, facilitator’s notes, and other demonstration materials. This instructional resource forms part of FLATE’s outreach efforts to facilitate a connection between students, teachers and manufacturers throughout the State of Florida. We trust that these activities and materials will add value to your teaching and/or presentations. Please visit our website for additional resources, including our Made in Florida Video, a unique behind-the-scenes visit to modern manufacturing plants in the State of Florida. FLATE Center for Manufacturing Education Hillsborough Community College - Brandon E Columbus Dr., Tampa, FL 33619 (813) and NOTE FOR TEACHER AND FACILITATORS We are pleased that you are reviewing this educational resource. This presentation is intended to increase your student’s awareness and interests in the field of manufacturing and all the careers it represents. As Florida’s Advanced Technological Center, a National Science Foundation sponsored project, we are charged to focus on manufacturing education in our state. We welcome you to take advantage of our services and resources. To find more about us, visit our website at and Presentation Options This activity can be completed in several ways: (a) as a class activity, (b) as a class activity prior to asking students to explore our virtual tours or (c) as independent study. We welcome your recommendations, requests for adaptations, ideas for new challenges, ways to better integrate the proposed activities to your lesson plans and, of course, your experiences in adopting them in your classroom. Alignments with Science and Technology Standards The WHAT IS MANUFACTURING PRESENTATION is aligned with the Florida's Sunshine State Standards for Science and the Curriculum Framework for Technology Education. The Standards addressed are as follows: See the Notes Page for additional information This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
Discovering great careers in Florida
What is Manufacturing? Discovering great careers in Florida Overview This is an instructional resource to introduce students, teachers and parents to the field of manufacturing, its general production cycle and the educational pathways available to enter the field. How to use this presentation Review the entire presentation and accompanying notes and determine whether to modify, delete or add additional content.
Everything is manufactured
Ask Carlos Santana Cool shades Strings Natural talent Lights Gel Electric guitar Everything is manufactured Microphones Jeans Trumpets Keyboards Talking points The world of manufacturing is all around us. Almost everything we use in our daily lives has been created and manufactured by someone else. Recommendations Make reference to manufactured objects in the room, from desks and chairs to lamps, windows, carpets, books and clothing. Two broad areas you might start with are materials and process. Why is this item made from ____? How do you think someone makes this shape? Adapt or replace this slide to objects that might be more relevant or interesting to your audience. Speakers Almost
Manufactured Goods Talking points
The range of manufactured products is very diverse. Toys, medicines, technology, transportation, food, clothing and sporting equipment are some of the many examples of manufactured goods. Recommendations Invite the participants to suggest additional examples of manufactured goods.
What is manufacturing? 1. Making something. 2. Making a lot of them.
Talking points Why manufacture things? To introduce or share an invention or practical solution, to find efficient and cost-effective ways to make many copies of the same invention and to profit from this effort. Recommendations Ask participants to share examples of any personal experiences they may have had creating and selling something (e.g. cards, cookies, bird feeders, or other products or inventions). 3. Making money (a profit) on what you make.
Who works in manufacturing?
Over 16,000 manufacturing companies and 400,000 Floridians work in this industry statewide. Talking points A considerable number of Floridians work in the field of manufacturing. There is a great diversity of industries, job functions, educational requirements and entry opportunities. Recommendations There are many misconceptions about the field of manufacturing. Among the most prevalent ones are that (a) all manufacturing jobs are going overseas, (b) that these are low-paying jobs and (c) that these are dirty jobs. Although there might be examples of all of the arguments presented above, the reality is a different one. Indeed, more manufacturing is being done overseas. However, for the most part, these are for products and components requiring low-skills and not related to national defense. High-skilled and well-paid jobs are abundant throughout the State of Florida. A production technician creates guitar strings at Black Diamond in Sarasota, Florida.
Some manufacturing sectors
Biological and medical Leisure & Entertainment Systems Engineering Electronic Devices Aviation and Aeronautics Metals and Plastics Talking points Introduce examples of different manufacturing sectors currently present in the State of Florida. The examples provided are illustrative only, not comprehensive. They include the following: Biological and medical manufacturing – including products in biotechnology, medical instrumentation and supplies. Leisure and entertainment – including animatronics, park rides, simulations, media. Systems engineering – including computer hardware, networks and even power plant simulators. Electronic devices – including finished products like bar code readers and printers, finger print readers and gyroscopes used by helicopters. Aviation and aeronautics – including all the supporting technologies around the space industry and real-size flight simulators for commercial and combat airplanes. Metals and plastic fabrication for finished products or components for other products, such as landing gears and canopies for combat airplanes. Automated processing of many products ranging from cookies to hydraulic valves and doorframes for automobiles. Processing Food, Paper, Beverage & Cosmetics Transportation
The Manufacturing Cycle
Innovate 1 Distribute 6 Design 2 Barcode Printer Fabricate 3 Market 5 Talking points Introduce examples of different manufacturing sectors currently present in the State of Florida. The examples provided are illustrative only, not comprehensive. They include the following: Biological and medical manufacturing – including products in biotechnology, medical instrumentation and supplies. Leisure and entertainment – including animatronics, park rides, simulations, media. Systems engineering – including computer hardware, networks and even power plant simulators. Electronic devices – including finished products like bar code readers and printers, finger print readers and gyroscopes used by helicopters. Aviation and aeronautics – including all the supporting technologies around the space industry and real-size flight simulators for commercial and combat airplanes. Metals and plastic fabrication for finished products or components for other products, such as landing gears and canopies for combat airplanes. Automated processing of many products ranging from cookies to hydraulic valves and doorframes for automobiles. Test 4
The Manufacturing Cycle
Innovate 1 Practical uses for barcode labels 2 3 4 5 In response to a market need or invent a new idea to solve a practical problem. Talking points For any product to be manufactured it most first be invented by someone. A new product can be a solution to a know problem or a new opportunity for something that did not existed before. A barcode is a machine-readable information that can be read by optical scanners. Some sample applications of bar codes include tickets for movies, labels for merchandise in stores, labels for medicines and tags patients in a hospital. Recommendations Invite participants to list other uses of barcode labels. Find bar codes on items in the room and describe their features and uses. 6 OTHER
The Manufacturing Cycle
1 Design 2 3 4 5 Talking points The design process takes the initial concept and transforms it into a working model. Making ideas a reality requires engineering, computer assisted drawing, prototyping and selection or invention of the tools and processes that will be used to manufacture the designed product. 6 Try your ideas about what to make, what it will look and feel like, how it will perform and how it could be built.
The Manufacturing Cycle
1 2 Fabricate 3 4 5 Talking points Many skilled technicians intervene in transforming a set of blueprints into actual products. Depending on the products, materials and processes, the manufacturing team may include electricians, welders, electronics technicians, assemblers, painters, programmers, mechanics, laser and optics specialists and many others. The result is a functional and integrated product (or component for another product). There are many different way to fabricate something. An optimal, cost-effective method most be chosen or invented. 6 After the design is done, it is time to make things happen. Skills, technology and teamwork turn ideas into real products.
The Manufacturing Cycle
1 2 3 Test 4 5 Talking points Quality is important for any manufactured product. All parts need to be made according to the design and all products need to be tested before they are assembled and sent to customers. In this examples, (left image) a technician inspects the actual dimensions of a component of the barcode printer. Another technician (right image) tests dozens of printers at a time to insure that they work properly and flawlessly over extended periods of time. Recommendations Help participants to realize the many diverse functions and specialized skill sets that are required in the field of manufacturing, including quality assurance personnel. Some other quality functions include: Testing for design specifications. Testing for durability Testing for customer satisfaction and use Quality is important. Components and final products need to be tested to make sure they perform as designed. 6
The Manufacturing Cycle
1 2 3 4 Market 5 Talking points After much hard work that is required in creating the ideas and making them happen, manufacturers still need to promote their products and ideas to potential customers. The business, sales and marketing efforts of a manufacturing firm as important as its other functions. Customer support is often included in this aspect of the operation. Recommendations Inform participants that there are many business support functions in the manufacturing industry, as well as many opportunities to be promoted within the different departments that support the manufacturing cycles. 6 Once the products are designed and built they need to be offered to potential consumers.
The Manufacturing Cycle
1 2 3 4 5 Distribute 6 Talking points Packing, shipping and distribution are the final components of the manufacturing process. Products need to be transported by air, land or sea to the hands of its final consumers. These same transportation networks might be used to deliver the raw materials or components to the manufacturing pant. There are many supporting industries to the entire field of manufacturing, each providing opportunities and jobs to many more individuals. Package engineers and technicians optimize how a product is packaged, how much volume it occupies, how much protecting packaging is needed and what materials are used. Recommendations See recommendations on next slide. To conclude the manufacturing cycle, products need to be packaged and shipped to consumers.
What interest you? Fabricate Test Design Market Distribute Innovate 3
4 Design 2 Market 5 Distribute 6 Innovate Product design Production process and tool design Manufacturing Associates/Operators Equipment and Process Technicians Facilities Maintenance Technicians Automation Technicians Materials Handling Quality control Information technology (IT) Sales and Marketing Customer service Finances Packaging Design and Production 1 Talking points The 400,000 Floridians who currently work in the field of manufacturing support any one or many of these phases: acting on new ideas or opportunities; designing new products or processes to build the products; fabricating them; testing for quality; marketing and selling the products; or getting the products to their final consumers. There are many professional opportunities and high-wage jobs in the field of manufacturing. Every year, hundreds of positions remain unfilled throughout the State. Anyone you know who works for a manufacturer? Recommendations Although we have illustrated the manufacturing cycle in a sequential order for didactic reasons, emphasize to participants that this is a very dynamic process and all the phases or components may influence one another. In our example, the distribution of printers might come last and may not affect the design process. This would not be so it the printers needed to be delivered to a space station. If this was the case, all other aspects of the manufacturing cycle (the design, the materials, the manufacturing process, etc.) would be affected by apparent “last” step. Sample careers
How do you get there? The World of Manufacturing
Middle School Prerequisites High School Career Track Academic Track Community College College/ University Certificate AAS degree AS degree B.A.S/B.A./B.S. Master Ph.D. Special technology or craft training (Possible certification) Talking points There different ways to enter the world of modern manufacturing. Employers offer many opportunities to learn on the job while attending high-school, a technical school, community college or university. Recommendations Depending on the audience, explore in depth the many points of entry into manufacturing. Consider that many employers are willing to provide on-the-job training for entry-level positions, encourage work-study programs and offer tuition reimbursement for existing employees. There might be as many opportunities to get into the field of manufacturing as there are to going back to school or being promoted within. Inside most manufacturing operation there are, at least, three different clusters of jobs and careers: (1) those related to the actual manufacturing of goods; (2) those providing support and maintenance to the manufacturing equipment and technology and (3) those supporting the business operations. They all serve as points of entry and promotion into and within a company. The World of Manufacturing (Business + Production)
For more information visit ww.madeinflorida.org.
Do what you love Right here in Florida More than 16,000 different companies and 400,000 Floridians work in the manufacturing field. This means that not just jobs, but manufacturing careers are being Made in Florida, by people like you. If you get satisfaction by making something, get excited about using new technology, or you work well with teams of people, then the manufacturing industry may be the place for you, with a challenging job, great pay, and excellent benefits. For more information visit ww.madeinflorida.org. Talking points The world of manufacturing is very diverse and there are many real jobs throughout the State of Florida. Invite participants to learn more about the opportunities if the field of manufacturing. Recommendations If not viewed yet, encourage participants to view the video Made in Florida, a 20 minute video that provides a unique opportunity to see the people and the companies that manufacture products in the State. The video can be accessed at Other resources in the same website include: virtual tours, audio interviews with employees and employers, career planning tools and much more.
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