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IC3 Chapter 8 Computer Fundamentals

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Presentation on theme: "IC3 Chapter 8 Computer Fundamentals"— Presentation transcript:

1 IC3 Chapter 8 Computer Fundamentals
Operating Systems

2 Question 1 An _____ ____ is system software that enables the computer hardware to and operate with the application software. Manufacturers of peripheral devices, such as printers or monitors, provide programs called ____ that the operating system uses to communicate with various hardware devices. Operating System Drivers

3 Question 2 Another way an operating system helps applications is by performing ____ and ____ ____ tasks. The way an operating system stores files on disk is called a ____ ____. System File Management File System

4 What type of operating system do you use at home?
Question 3 What type of operating system do you use at home?

5 What type of operating system do we use here at School in this room?
Question 4 What type of operating system do we use here at School in this room?

6 Question 5 Name the 3 different types of operating systems talked about in this chapter for personal computers. Microsoft Windows Mac OS X UNIX

7 Microsoft Windows

8 Mac OS X

9 UNIX or Linux

10 Question 6 What are the picture icons called in a Macintosh desktop?

11 Question 7 _____ _____ ______ and embedded operating systems, also known as mobile operating systems, are similar in principle to operating systems such as Windows or Linux. Handheld Operating Systems

12 Question 8 – Popular Handheld and Embedded Operating Systems
Blackberry: Runs on handheld devices supplied by Research in Motion (RIM). In addition to phone capabilities, this system also provides services such as multitasking, instant messaging, and access to Bluetooth devices. Embedded Linux: Scaled-down version of Linux used in devices such as Mobile Phones, PDA’s, and Media Players.

13 Question 8 – Popular Handheld and Embedded Operating Systems
Palm OS: Runs on Palm handhelds and other third-party devices. Includes handwriting recognition software. Symbian OS: Open Source multi-tasking operating system for smart phones.

14 Question 8 – Popular Handheld and Embedded Operating Systems
Windows Embedded CE: Scaled-down version of Windows designed for digital cameras, security robots, intelligent appliances, gaming devices, GPS’s, and set-top boxes. Windows Mobile: Scaled-down version of Windows for smart phones and other handheld computers. Allows you to run windows applications on your phone.

15 Question 9 Different computers can run different operating systems, but they must have a _____ ____. This hardware solution is added to the motherboard of a computer. These cards provide the ability for the computer to run a program that was designed for a different operating system. (For example an Apple computer can run Microsoft Office) Emulation Card

16 Question 10 What is RTF and what is it’s purpose? (mod last paragraph) By saving a file in Rich Text Format under the Save As function, you can transfer the format of your text (Paragraph Breaks, Fonts, Styles such as Bold and Italic) from one word processing program on a particular operating system to another without losing your formatting.

17 Question 11 The tasks you are allowed to perform are defined by your _____ ____. The _____ ____ sets the user rights to protect the computer’s security. The _____ ____ is a user who has an ____ ____, which is a local account or a local security group. User Rights System Administrator Administrator Account

18 Question 12 – System Administrator Duties
Creating account passwords and assigning user accounts and passwords Creating or deleting user accounts on the computer Changing account names, pictures, passwords, and other data Establishing security access levels Allocating storage space Monitoring systems to prevent unauthorized access and attacks by malicious software

19 Question 13 The administrator can grant ____ ____ to other users, allowing them to make changes based on the specified right. To have administrative rights, you must know the administrative ____. Administrative Rights Password

20 Question 14 – Most Common Operating System Problems
Incompatibility – Application software and files need to be compatible with your computer’s operating system File Corruption – Files can become corrupt due to power failure, turning off the computer without shutting it down properly, a virus, outdated drivers, bad software installation, and so on. If they are corrupt, they will not open. Disk Crashes – If your system becomes unstable, you will start to receive error messages and eventually it may crash. Sometimes, restarting or rebooting will fix it. If the problem is more severe, you might need to upgrade or reinstall the operating system.

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