5 What theory argues that we are motivated by a biological need creates a drive that motivates you to satisfy that need?Drive reduction theory
6 What do we call environmental stimuli that motivates our behavior? Incentives
7 Explain the Yerkes-Dodson Law. We perform poorly when we are very stressed/not challenged at all, we perform best when we are in an optimal level of arousal
8 In order, list Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Physiological (hunger, thirst0SafetyBelongingness & LoveEsteemSelf-actualization (fulfilling your potential)
9 What structure of our limbic system controls hunger? Hypothalamus
10 If this part of your brain was lesioned, you would never feel full. Ventromedial hypothalamus
11 What part of your brain is your “start eating center” and tells you that you are hungry? Lateral Hypothalamus
12 What is the theory that your body seeks to maintain a certain weight and adjusts your metabolic rate and hunger to do so?Set Point Theory
13 Name the 3 eating disorders & describe the characteristics of each.
14 List at least 5 potential consequences of obesity.
15 What are the 4 stages of the Sexual Response Cycle? Initial ExcitementPlateauOrgasmResolution
16 The resting period after an orgasm when a man cannot achieve another is called… Refractory period
17 List 3 reasons why teen pregnancy rates in America are higher than other westernized countries. Media portrayal of unprotected sex/promiscuityLack of communication about birth controlIgnoranceAlcohol use
18 Rewards that we get for our accomplishments outside ourselves are called… Extrinsic motivatorsIntrinsic motivators come from within
19 What are the 3 factors involved in an emotion? Physiological arousalExpressive behaviorConscious/unconscious
20 Which theory of emotion argues that the stimuli CAUSES the physical changes? James-Lange
21 Which theory of emotion states that stimuli trigger a physiological response & emotion SIMULTANEOUSLY?Cannon-Bard
22 Which theory of emotion argues that a cognitive label is part of the process? Schacter 2 factor theory
23 What is the difference between type A & type B personalities?
24 List 2 health problems that can arise from too much stress.
25 Explain the 3 stages of the General Adaptation Syndrome