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Published byMarian Bennett Modified over 4 years ago

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MATHEMATICAL DISABILITIES Reasoning, Computation, Making Connections

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MATHEMATICS DISABILITY TYPES Arithmetic Disorders (disabilities) Mathematic Reasoning Non-verbal Social immaturity Disorientation Visual/motor, self-help Problems in estimation; time and distance Verbalizing problems Associated with reading/literacy/language learning Connections with reading and writing: dyslexia, dysgraphia

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MODELS OF INSTRUCTION Assessment and Progress Monitoring Diagnosis: individualized, group-based, curriculum-based Curriculum: Evaluate and Adapt Available curricular programs for struggling students (ways to differentiate) Determine relevancy, create useful examples Teaching Tools and Methods Manipulation Step-by-step approaches Constant time-delay Means of correcting and positive feedback Work for comprehension Adapting of Instruction Providing real-world examples Learning Strategies

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AS IN ALL THINGS, THERE ARE PREREQUISITES Teaching/Environment/Curriculum are ALL appropriate Determine and teach appropriate goals Task analysis of learning concepts

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BASIC MATH SKILLS One-to-one Classification (size, color) Seriation

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NUMERATION Understanding of numbers Estimating - Include in subject matter when possible. How much do you think? Regrouping - start with smaller numbers Understanding Zero - Placeholder 306

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PLACE VALUE Grouping by ones and tens – Manipulatives Naming tens - Counting by tens Use everyday items to illustrate place value, like school population.

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LEARNING FRACTIONS Clearly explain and illustrate language and concepts Provide many examples Help discriminate different problem types (denominator)

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COMMON COMPUTATIONAL ERRORS Spatial Organization - Graph paper Visual Detail - + or - read carefully Procedural Error - 5+5=5x5 Failure to shift operations - Monitor process Motoric Problems - Can’t read writing Memory Problems - time and opportunity Difficulty with zero - Ensure understanding

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COMPUTATION AND CALCULATORS Help develop skills Improves attitude towards math Higher achievement

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PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS FAST DRAW- FAST DRAW- Strategy for walking students through problem solving. Read for those who need it Reword Visualize Estimate Guide to answer

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INTEGRATE MATH PROBLEM SOLVING INTO CURRICULUM Science Social Studies Language Arts

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