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MATHEMATICAL DISABILITIES Reasoning, Computation, Making Connections.

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Presentation on theme: "MATHEMATICAL DISABILITIES Reasoning, Computation, Making Connections."— Presentation transcript:

1 MATHEMATICAL DISABILITIES Reasoning, Computation, Making Connections

2 MATHEMATICS DISABILITY TYPES Arithmetic Disorders (disabilities) Mathematic Reasoning  Non-verbal  Social immaturity  Disorientation  Visual/motor, self-help  Problems in estimation; time and distance  Verbalizing problems  Associated with reading/literacy/language learning  Connections with reading and writing: dyslexia, dysgraphia

3 MODELS OF INSTRUCTION Assessment and Progress Monitoring  Diagnosis: individualized, group-based, curriculum-based Curriculum: Evaluate and Adapt  Available curricular programs for struggling students (ways to differentiate)  Determine relevancy, create useful examples Teaching Tools and Methods  Manipulation  Step-by-step approaches  Constant time-delay  Means of correcting and positive feedback  Work for comprehension Adapting of Instruction  Providing real-world examples Learning Strategies

4 AS IN ALL THINGS, THERE ARE PREREQUISITES Teaching/Environment/Curriculum are ALL appropriate Determine and teach appropriate goals Task analysis of learning concepts

5 BASIC MATH SKILLS One-to-one Classification (size, color) Seriation

6 NUMERATION Understanding of numbers Estimating - Include in subject matter when possible. How much do you think? Regrouping - start with smaller numbers Understanding Zero - Placeholder 306

7 PLACE VALUE  Grouping by ones and tens – Manipulatives  Naming tens - Counting by tens  Use everyday items to illustrate place value, like school population.

8 LEARNING FRACTIONS Clearly explain and illustrate language and concepts Provide many examples Help discriminate different problem types (denominator)

9 COMMON COMPUTATIONAL ERRORS Spatial Organization - Graph paper Visual Detail - + or - read carefully Procedural Error - 5+5=5x5 Failure to shift operations - Monitor process Motoric Problems - Can’t read writing Memory Problems - time and opportunity Difficulty with zero - Ensure understanding

10 COMPUTATION AND CALCULATORS Help develop skills Improves attitude towards math Higher achievement

11 PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS FAST DRAW- FAST DRAW- Strategy for walking students through problem solving. Read for those who need it Reword Visualize Estimate Guide to answer


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