2 Human trafficking?Illegal trade of human beings for the purposes of reproductive slavery, commercial sexual exploitation, forced labor, or a modern-day form of slavery.What is Human Trafficking?WorldwideKazakhstanWhat to do?
3 What is human trafficking? Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons:the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.
5 Human trafficking worldwide 27 million individuals80% of trafficking involves sexual exploitationand 19% involves labour exploitation.Around half of these are lower than 18 years of ageTrafficked children are significantly more likely to develop mental health problems, abuse substances, engage in prostitution as adults, and either commit or be victimized by violent crimes later in life.Women who have been trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation experience a significantly higher rate of HIV and other STDs, tuberculosis, and permanent damage to their reproductive systems.
7 Human trafficking Kazakhstan Source2. Destination3. Transit
8 Human trafficking Kazakhstan 1. SourcePoor to richer regionsRussia, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey and Greece.2. DestinationWomen and girls from Uzbekistan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Ukraine forced prostitutionPeople from Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia are in forced labour3. TransitLong borders, gateway to other countriesVictims from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
9 Human trafficking Kazakhstan Numbers higherEvery year around 200 cases reportedOnly few convicted (32 cases in 2010)CorruptionAlarming trendYounger (girls age 13 and up)Increase in labouring women (6% in 2003, now 12%)
10 What to do?Be informed! Educate yourself. Follow the news. Keep your eyes open.Raise awareness! Talk to friends, family and colleagues. Start talking to local politicians and authorities.Get involved! Participate in an anti-trafficking movement ( e.g. hold events, distribute posters, leaflets etc.).Encourage businesses! Be a responsible consumer! Inform yourself.Seek support!
11 Further information: Helpful websites: http://www.ungift.org/ Movies:Human trafficking (2005)And many more...Books:“Two Kyrgyz Women” by Marinka Franulovic