2 The PlanetsSunMercuryVenusEarthMarsJupiterSaturnUranusNeptune
3 Did you knowThe Sun is one of the billions of stars we have in our universe, the Sun is Earth’s closest star.THESUNThe SunThe Sun is about 4.5 billion years old. It will probably continue to exist in its present form for about another 5 billion years before running out of hydrogen.The Sun has a diameter of 1,390,000 km.The Sun’s core’s temperature is 15 million º C.The Sun’s surface temperature is 5,500 ºC.The Sun is a star that is in the center of the Solar System.The Sun rotates every earth days.
4 Did you know That even though Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun it is not the hottest planet in the solar system.Mercury’s moonsMercury does not have any moons though years ago scientists working on cosmology/astronomy used to think that Mercury once used to have a moon.MercuryRoman/Greek name:Mercury is the Roman messenger god for Zeus/Jupiter,Mercury is also known as Hermes, god of luck in Greek.Distance from Sun:46 million kmOrbit of the Sun: 88 Earth days1 orbit/day : 59 Earth daysFacts:Mercury’s hot side is hot enough to melt metal but its cold side is cold enough to freeze you to death.Mercury has a diameter of 3031 miles across.
5 Venus Did you know Venus’s moons Roman/Greek name: That Venus's atmosphere is made entirely out of carbon dioxide. This planet is slightly smaller than Earth.Venus’s moonsVenus has no moons just like mercury the reason why they have no moons is because how close they are to the Sun.VenusRoman/Greek name:Venus is the Roman goddess of love and beauty, alsoVenus is known as Aphrodite goddess of charm in Greek.Distance from Sun:108 million kmOrbit of the Sun/year: 225 earth days1 orbit/day: 243 earth daysFacts:Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system. The air is very thick so that the atmosphere holds all the hot air in.Venus is the only planet named after a goddess.
6 Earth Did you know That Earth’s galaxy is the Milky way. Earth’s moon Is also known as Luna see later on.Roman/Greek name:Earth’s Roman is name is TerraEarth is also known as Gaea in Greek.Distance from Sun: 150 million kmOrbit of the Sun: 365 days1orbit/day: 24 hoursFacts:We can only drink 1.3% of the water on Earth.Earth is the densest planet in the known solar system.This planet is around 4.6 million years old.Earth is the 5th largest planet that we know about .The earths diameter is 12,756 km
7 Mars Did you know Mars’s moons Roman name: Mars though mars is red (a hot colour) , you would freeze to death and suffocate on this planet.Mars’s moonsMars has two moons Deimos which means terror\dread and Phobos which means panic\fear they were both discovered in 1877 by Asaph hall and they are actually lost asteroids.MarsRoman name:Mars was the Roman god of war and battle,Mars was also known as Ares god of hatred in Greek.Distance from Sun:207 million kmOrbit of Sun/year:687 Earth days1orbit/day:24.68 hoursFacts:Mars’ diameter is 6,791 km.95.31% of mars’ atmosphere is carbon dioxide.Even though mars is freezing cold it has lava on it .
8 Jupiter Did you know Jupiter moons Roman name: That the red spot on Jupiter is actually a massive storm.Jupiter moonsJupiter has at least sixty three known moons. The largest four are called Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.JupiterRoman name:Jupiter was the Roman god of rain and Earth,Jupiter is also known as Zeus god of storms in Greek.Distance from the Sun: million kmOrbit of the Sun/year:11.86 earth years1 orbit/day: 9 hours 55 minsFacts:You can fit 100 Earths in to Jupiter's red spot.Jupiter core is slightly bigger than earth but weighs about 20 times more.Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system.Over 1300 Earths could fit inside Jupiter.
9 Saturn Did you know Saturn’s moons Roman name : Saturn has 7 rings and are given names from the letters A-G.Saturn’s moonsSaturn has 62 moons 53 are officially moons 9 have not been classified and scientists don’t know many of the moons names.SaturnRoman name :Saturn is the Roman god of harvest,Saturn is also known as Kronos god of time in Greek.Distance from the Sun: 1.43 billion kmOrbit of Sun/year: 29.7 earth years1 orbit/day: 10 hours 47 minsFacts:Saturn is very light this planet is made up of hydrogen, helium and other light weight gases.Saturn has a very strong magnetic field.Saturn is the 2nd largest planet in the solar system.Saturn’s nickname is gas giant because all the gases it has inside.
10 Uranus Did you know Uranus’s moons Uranus is pronouncedyou rah noosUranus’s moonsUranus has twenty-seven moons and here are the names of the largest five Oberon, Miranda, Titania, Ariel, Umbriel.UranusRoman name:Uranus is the Roman god of the sky.Distance from the Sun:2.871 billion kmOrbit of the Sun/year: 84.3 earth years1orbit/day: 17.9 Earth hoursFacts:Uranus was actually thought to be a star until properly classified in 1781This planet has a tilt of 97.7 degreesEach of the four seasons on Uranus last at least 20 years.
11 Neptune Did you know Neptune's moons That Neptune's atmosphere is made out of methane, hydrogen and helium.Neptune's moonsNeptune has thirteen moons which were all found quite recentlyNeptuneRoman name:Neptune is the Roman god of the ocean and skyNeptune is also known as Poseidon god of the seaDistance from the Sun: 4.5 billion kmOrbit of the Sun/year: 165 earth years1 Orbit/day: 16 hours 7 minsFacts:Surprisingly the planet Neptune is four times the size of planet EarthNeptune suffers the most violent weather in our Solar System.
12 Facts about space An Au Black holes The Milky Way Planetary rings An Au is an astronomical unit an Au is 150 million kilometres which is the distance between Earth and the Sun.Black holesA black holes is a hole in space that has its own gravitational pull even though they may look black on the outside they are the brightest things in the universe inside.The Milky WayThe Milky Way is Earths galaxy it is also a chocolate bar. Galaxies are made up of bits of ice and rock and stars this is why galaxies are shining brightly tonight and from now onwards.Planetary ringsSaturn and Uranus both have planetary rings these rings are made from ice, rock many more ordinary space materials.
13 T H E M O O N T H E M O N Roman name The moon’s Roman name is Luna the goddess of all moons.THEMONThis is the ancient symbol for the moon.The moon is Earth’s only natural satellite.