Literacy and the Next Generation Science Standards Kentucky Department of Education
Present an overview of the structure of the Next Generation Science Standards. Describe how the CCSS for Literacy are incorporated into the NGSS Provide examples of integrated science/literacy instruction based on selected performance expectations from the January, 2013 NGSS public draft.
The Framework provides a New Vision of Science Teaching and Learning
The Framework establishes three dimensions of science learning: 1. Scientific and Engineering Practices 2. Crosscutting Concepts 3. Disciplinary Core Ideas Structure of the Framework: Three Dimensions
1. Asking questions (science) and defining problems (engineering) 2. Developing and using models 3. Planning and carrying out investigations 4. Analyzing and interpreting data 5. Using mathematics, information and computer technology, and computational thinking 6. Constructing explanations (science) and designing solutions (engineering) 7. Engaging in argument from evidence 8. Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information Science and Engineering Practices
1. Patterns 2. Cause and effect 3. Scale, proportion, and quantity 4. Systems and system models 5. Energy and matter 6. Structure and function 7. Stability and change Seven Crosscutting Concepts
Physical Sciences PS 1: Matter and its interactions PS 2: Motion and stability: Forces and interactions PS 3: Energy PS 4: Waves and their applications in technologies for information transfer Life Sciences LS 1: From molecules to organisms: Structures and processes LS 2: Ecosystems: Interactions, energy, and dynamics LS 3: Heredity: Inheritance and variation of traits LS 4: Biological Evolution: Unity and diversity Earth and Space Sciences ESS 1: Earth’s place in the universe ESS 2: Earth’s systems ESS 3: Earth and human activity Engineering, Technology, and the Applications of Science ETS 1: Engineering design ETS 2: Links among engineering, technology, science, and society Disciplinary Core Ideas
Not separate treatment of “content” and “inquiry” Curriculum and instruction needs to do more than present and assess scientific ideas – they need to involve learners in using scientific practices to develop and apply the scientific ideas. Core Ideas Practices Crosscutting Concepts
HS-PS4 Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer HS-PS4-g. Evaluate claims in written materials about the effects that different wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation have when interacting with matter. [Clarification Statement: Examples of written materials can include trade books, magazines, web resources, and other passages that may reflect bias. Evaluations should include the idea that different wavelengths of light have different energies, and that high energy electromagnetic radiation is much more damaging to living tissue than is low energy, which is often converted to thermal energy.] [Assessment Boundary: Only radio, microwaves, infrared, visible, UV, gamma, and x- ray radiation are intended; qualitative descriptions only.]
When light or longer wavelength electromagnetic radiation is absorbed in matter, it is generally converted into thermal energy (heat). (HS- PS4-g) Shorter wavelength electromagnetic radiation (ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) can ionize atoms and cause damage to living cells. (HS- PS4-g) Disciplinary Core Ideas
Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information in 9–12 builds on K–8 and progresses to evaluating the validity and reliability of the claims, methods, and designs. Synthesize, communicate, and evaluate the validity and reliability of claims, methods, and designs that appear in scientific and technical texts or media reports, verifying the data when possible. (HS-PS4-g Science and Engineering Practices
RST.9-10.8 Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author’s claim or a recommendation for solving a scientific or technical problem. (HS-PS4-g), (HS-PS4-f) RST.11-12.8 Evaluate the hypotheses, data, analysis, and conclusions in a science or technical text, verifying the data when possible and corroborating or challenging conclusions with other sources of information. (HS-PS4- c), (HS-PS4-b), (HS-PS4-E), (HS-PS4-g),
Irradiated meat UV rays and skin cancer Microwaves and food Light and pigments Cell phones and brain damage EMF and birth defects ???