Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression"— Presentation transcript:

1 Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression
Dr Sally Hall Dr Hannah Gunn on behalf of MSCC group

2 Overview Background to the MSCC audit March 2012 audit
Recommendations and what might be changing

3 Background >100 cases per cancer network per year
Patients present acutely via different specialties Diagnosis frequently delayed Time matters for neurological recovery Relevant to acute onc meeting Est 5-14% cancer patients; historically coordinating care of these patients is problematic mobile patient pre rx, mobile patient post rx

4 Background NICE Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression guidelines 2008
Early detection Imaging Treatment Supportive care & rehab Coordination of the service

5 Background Local audits NUTH/JCUH 2009 and 2011 using NICE standards
Patient education Chaotic pathway & delays (particularly for patients from other trusts) Poor documentation & use of NCCC pathway Poor communication between specialties Difficulty capturing all patients

6 2012 New MSCC pathway document to be piloted soon across specialties
local then regional pathway would move with the patient should streamline patient journey named coordinators MSCC group suggested a further audit whilst document being finalised

7 Case identification- March
16 patients with confirmed MSCC (bone mets/ vertebral collapse/ direct tumour involvement /invasion) 3 excluded: notes unavailable& insufficient information on Diadem/ PACS

8 Patient location 13 patients
9 referred to NUTH with ? MSCC from another hospital GP referral was direct to N/Surgeons. The 2 NCCC patients: 1 patient had contacted their Oncology consultant directly and was seen in clinic with back pain that day and the other was an emergency admission for other symptoms and subsequently developed leg weakness/ investigated for MSCC.

9 Primary tumour site and metastatic disease
2 breast, 4 lung, 4 prostate, 1 lymphoma, 1 myeloma, 1 EWS

10 Did the patient exhibit signs and/or symptoms suggestive of spinal metastases?
Number of patients Percentage Pain in thoracic or cervical spine 7 54% Progressive lumbar spinal pain 3 23% Severe unremitting lower spinal pain 1 8% Spinal pain aggravated by straining 0% Localised spinal tenderness 4 31% Nocturnal pain preventing sleep Neurological symptoms 13 92% Neurological signs 9 69% These are standards taken directly from NICE guidance, and the symptoms we need to be asking about. Neurological symptoms including radicular pain, any limb weakness, difficulty in walking, sensory loss or bladder or bowel dysfunction. If experiencing pain suggestive of MSCC should discuss with coordinator within 24hrs; if there are focal neurological signs/symptoms should discuss immediately.

11 MSCC Coordinator Neurosurgery = 5 patients Oncology = 8 patients
none had the old NCCC pathway document one NCCC ward no longer has copies (!) Difficult to know when the coordinator was contacted, especially for patients being transferred from a peripheral hospital ranges from same day to 5 days telephone/ / MDT MSCC Coordinator being the specialty patient initally discussed with, not necessarily the department they were admitted to first. N/S may have reviewed MRI images and suggested referral straight to Oncology, vice versaContact the MSCC coordinator urgently (within 24 hours) to discuss the care of patients with cancer and any of the following symptoms suggestive of spinal metastases: − pain in the middle (thoracic) or upper (cervical) spine − progressive lower (lumbar) spinal pain − severe unremitting lower spinal pain − spinal pain aggravated by straining (for example, at stool, or when coughing or sneezing) − localised spinal tenderness − nocturnal spinal pain preventing sleep. • Contact the MSCC coordinator immediately to discuss the care of patients with cancer and symptoms suggestive of spinal metastases who have any of the following neurological symptoms or signs suggestive of MSCC, and view them as an oncological emergency

12 MRI scanning Whole spine imaging is the gold standard
Should be done to allow definitive treatment planning within 1 week of suspected MSCC for spinal pain or 24hours for neurological signs/symptoms suggestive of MSCC 92 % (12 patients) had whole spines done remaining patient underwent CT Gold standard inx for MSCC. The other 1 had had CT because they were already unwell and were going to be for limited radiotherapy. Perform MRI of the whole spine in patients with suspected MSCC, unless there is a specific contraindication. This should be done in time to allow definitive treatment to be planned within 1 week of the suspected diagnosis in the case of spinal pain suggestive of spinal metastases, and within 24 hours in the case of spinal pain suggestive of spinal metastases and neurological symptoms or signs suggestive of MSCC, and occasionally sooner if there is a pressing clinical need for emergency surgery.

13 MRI diagnosis times Slide gives a breakdown of MRIs requested that confirmed diagnosis of MSCC within 24hrs suspected diagnosis. As you can see 3 patients ( 2 within NUTH and 1 outside of the trust definitely breached that ‘within 24hrs rule’; for other 3 patients outside of trust unable to work out whether or not was done within 24hrs because of gaps in documentation relating to time suspected diagnosis, time MRI requested and reported etc.

14 Once MSCC confirmed… All patients documented as receiving steroids but varying doses VTE assessments documented in 53% (7 patients) No documentation about being nursed flat/ stability of spine Mobility on discharge not documented Discussions between Neurosurgery and Oncology commented on in 46% (6 patients) Everyone one on some, varied from dose not being documented, 4mg bd, 8mg bd. Need to mention erecord …people not documenting in notes because documented on erecord. 8 of 13 patients apparently mobile on admission but mobility at dischaarge not documented. Discussions between N/S and Onc can include documentation of the fact that discssusion with N/S not approriate ie multi-level disease, comorbidity, fitness for surgery etc.

15 Definitive Treatment One surgical candidate (subsequent radiotherapy)
everyone else treated with radiotherapy ? why delay from diagnosis to DXT treatment times 2 sets of notes not been able to audit=had surgery; radiotherapy should be offered urgently within 24hrs unless patient already has tetraplegia/paaraplegia and pain well controlled >48hrs

16 Summary 100% 70% 80% 85% 92% 18.5% 38% 63% 51.6% 62% 54% unclear
QUALITY STANDARD NCCC 2009 JCUH 2011 NCCC 2011 NCCC 2012 Whole spine MRI 100% 70% 80% 85% 92% SPINAL PAIN Definitive rx planning 1 week unclear 18.5% 38% 63% NEURO SX Definitive rx planning 24hrs 51.6% 62% 54%

17 Limitations Retrospective for March
Unable to include 3 sets of patients 2 of these were surgical candidates Number of patients that had surgery suspiciously low ? not capturing all patients Referring hospital notes not always available

18 Recommendations & future planning
Introduction of new standardised MSCC pathway document Should help improve standards and aid future audit Role of MSCC coordinators Education locally, then regionally& across specialties and grades

Download ppt "Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google