Presentation on theme: "Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression"— Presentation transcript:
1 Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression Dr Sally HallDr Hannah Gunnon behalf of MSCC group
2 Overview Background to the MSCC audit March 2012 audit Recommendations and what might be changing
3 Background >100 cases per cancer network per year Patients present acutely via different specialtiesDiagnosis frequently delayedTime matters for neurological recoveryRelevant to acute onc meeting Est 5-14% cancer patients; historically coordinating care of these patients is problematic mobile patient pre rx, mobile patient post rx
4 Background NICE Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression guidelines 2008 Early detectionImagingTreatmentSupportive care & rehabCoordination of the service
5 Background Local audits NUTH/JCUH 2009 and 2011 using NICE standards Patient educationChaotic pathway & delays (particularly for patients from other trusts)Poor documentation & use of NCCC pathwayPoor communication between specialtiesDifficulty capturing all patients
6 2012 New MSCC pathway document to be piloted soon across specialties local then regionalpathway would move with the patientshould streamline patient journeynamed coordinatorsMSCC group suggested a further audit whilst document being finalised
7 Case identification- March 16 patients with confirmed MSCC (bone mets/ vertebral collapse/ direct tumour involvement /invasion)3 excluded: notes unavailable& insufficient information on Diadem/ PACS
8 Patient location 13 patients 9 referred to NUTH with ? MSCC from another hospitalGP referral was direct to N/Surgeons. The 2 NCCC patients: 1 patient had contacted their Oncology consultant directly and was seen in clinic with back pain that day and the other was an emergency admission for other symptoms and subsequently developed leg weakness/ investigated for MSCC.
9 Primary tumour site and metastatic disease 2 breast, 4 lung, 4 prostate, 1 lymphoma, 1 myeloma, 1 EWS
10 Did the patient exhibit signs and/or symptoms suggestive of spinal metastases? Number of patientsPercentagePain in thoracic or cervical spine754%Progressive lumbar spinal pain323%Severe unremitting lower spinal pain18%Spinal pain aggravated by straining0%Localised spinal tenderness431%Nocturnal pain preventing sleepNeurological symptoms1392%Neurological signs969%These are standards taken directly from NICE guidance, and the symptoms we need to be asking about. Neurological symptoms including radicular pain, any limb weakness, difficulty in walking, sensory loss or bladder or bowel dysfunction. If experiencing pain suggestive of MSCC should discuss with coordinator within 24hrs; if there are focal neurological signs/symptoms should discuss immediately.
11 MSCC Coordinator Neurosurgery = 5 patients Oncology = 8 patients none had the old NCCC pathway documentone NCCC ward no longer has copies (!)Difficult to know when the coordinator was contacted, especially for patients being transferred from a peripheral hospitalranges from same day to 5 daystelephone/ / MDTMSCC Coordinator being the specialty patient initally discussed with, not necessarily the department they were admitted to first. N/S may have reviewed MRI images and suggested referral straight to Oncology, vice versaContact the MSCC coordinator urgently (within 24 hours) to discuss the care of patients withcancer and any of the following symptoms suggestive of spinal metastases:− pain in the middle (thoracic) or upper (cervical) spine− progressive lower (lumbar) spinal pain− severe unremitting lower spinal pain− spinal pain aggravated by straining (for example, at stool, or when coughing or sneezing)− localised spinal tenderness− nocturnal spinal pain preventing sleep.• Contact the MSCC coordinator immediately to discuss the care of patients with cancer andsymptoms suggestive of spinal metastases who have any of the following neurological symptomsor signs suggestive of MSCC, and view them as an oncological emergency
12 MRI scanning Whole spine imaging is the gold standard Should be done to allow definitive treatment planning within 1 week of suspected MSCC for spinal pain or 24hours for neurological signs/symptoms suggestive of MSCC92 % (12 patients) had whole spines doneremaining patient underwent CTGold standard inx for MSCC. The other 1 had had CT because they were already unwell and were going to be for limited radiotherapy. Perform MRI of the whole spine in patients with suspected MSCC, unless there is aspecific contraindication. This should be done in time to allow definitive treatmentto be planned within 1 week of the suspected diagnosis in the case of spinal painsuggestive of spinal metastases, and within 24 hours in the case of spinal pain suggestiveof spinal metastases and neurological symptoms or signs suggestive of MSCC,and occasionally sooner if there is a pressing clinical need for emergency surgery.
13 MRI diagnosis timesSlide gives a breakdown of MRIs requested that confirmed diagnosis of MSCC within 24hrs suspected diagnosis. As you can see 3 patients ( 2 within NUTH and 1 outside of the trust definitely breached that ‘within 24hrs rule’; for other 3 patients outside of trust unable to work out whether or not was done within 24hrs because of gaps in documentation relating to time suspected diagnosis, time MRI requested and reported etc.
14 Once MSCC confirmed…All patients documented as receiving steroids but varying dosesVTE assessments documented in 53% (7 patients)No documentation about being nursed flat/ stability of spineMobility on discharge not documentedDiscussions between Neurosurgery and Oncology commented on in 46% (6 patients)Everyone one on some, varied from dose not being documented, 4mg bd, 8mg bd. Need to mention erecord …people not documenting in notes because documented on erecord. 8 of 13 patients apparently mobile on admission but mobility at dischaarge not documented.Discussions between N/S and Onc can include documentation of the fact that discssusion with N/S not approriate ie multi-level disease, comorbidity, fitness for surgery etc.
15 Definitive Treatment One surgical candidate (subsequent radiotherapy) everyone else treated with radiotherapy? why delay from diagnosis to DXT treatment times2 sets of notes not been able to audit=had surgery; radiotherapy should be offered urgently within 24hrs unless patient already has tetraplegia/paaraplegia and pain well controlled>48hrs
17 Limitations Retrospective for March Unable to include 3 sets of patients2 of these were surgical candidatesNumber of patients that had surgery suspiciously low ? not capturing all patientsReferring hospital notes not always available
18 Recommendations & future planning Introduction of new standardised MSCC pathway documentShould help improve standards and aid future auditRole of MSCC coordinatorsEducation locally, then regionally& across specialties and grades