Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Digestive System Hey- chew on this! We’ve made it to the..

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Digestive System Hey- chew on this! We’ve made it to the.."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Digestive System Hey- chew on this! We’ve made it to the..

2 Gastrointestinal System Function-physical and chemical breakdown of food Includes alimentary canal and accessory organs Accessory organs: Salivary glands, tongue, teeth, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas

3 Alimentary canal Mouth- physical and chemical breakdown. Mastication-the act of chewing Saliva contains enzyme amylase to break down carbohydrates

4 Pharynx- contains opening to trachea as well. Epiglottis covers opening of trachea. Esophagus-muscular tube dorsal to trachea Relies on a rhythmic wave-like motion called peristalsis

5 Esophagus- transverse view

6 Sphincter-a circular muscle that constricts a passage or closes a natural orifice (opening) Cardiac sphincter Pyloric sphincter Food sits in stomach for 1-4 hours. Gastric juices contain hydrochloric acid- activates pepsin, kills bacteria.

7 Small intestine: not so small! 20ft x 1’’ Duodenum- 1 st 10 inches. Bile and pancreatic juice enter here Jejunum- next 8 ft. Ileum- final 12 ft. When food leaves small intestine, digestion is complete

8 Small intestine has lots of enzymes: peptidases maltase, sucrase, lactase, amylase. Lipase Bile Digested food is absorbed into the bloodstream.

9 Large intestine- 5 ft x 2’’. Separated from small intestine by ileocecal valve Final absorption of water, storage of indigestible material, absorption of vitamins B and K by bacteria. Colon connects to rectum- anal canal opens to the anus (final opening). Fecal material is expelled.

10 But Wait! What about the accessory organs: Liver, gall bladder and pancreas Liver- largest gland in your body Secretes bile- emulsifies fat, makes them water soluble. Stores glucose in the form of glycogen Makes clotting proteins Detoxifies blood

11 Gall bladder- stores and concentrates bile Pancreas- produces insulin, pancreatic juices amylase and lipase. Insulin regulates the uptake of glucose by the cells

12 Diseases Appendicitis Cholecystitis- gall bladder Cirrhosis- destruction of liver cells Diarrhea Diverticulitis Gasteroenteritis Hernia Pancreatitis Liver transplant Ulcer Colitis Bariatric surgery

Download ppt "The Digestive System Hey- chew on this! We’ve made it to the.."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google