Presentation on theme: "Beginning of the Great Depression Braff. Economic signs of a bad future In the late 1920s… Industry wasn’t as strong Failing Farmers Rising prices of."— Presentation transcript:
Economic signs of a bad future In the late 1920s… Industry wasn’t as strong Failing Farmers Rising prices of goods Credit crash Uneven distribution of income
Black Tuesday – The Stock Market Crashes Problems on previous slide didn’t really crush Americans until… Black Tuesday October 29, 1929 Stock Market Crashed Millions of Americans lost almost to all of their money Dow Jones Industrial Average Is a measurement of the stock market’s health Thermometer of the stock market It is still used today
Start of the Great Depression When the stock market crashed, all the indicators on the first slide (weak industry, failing farmers, rising prices, debt owed from credit, and uneven distribution of wealth) became much, much, MUCH worse! The Great Depression has now begun Great Depression Period from 1929 to around 1940 in which the economy of the US (and almost every country in the world) plummeted
What made the Great Depression even worse? Run on the Banks President Hoover’s Laissez-Faire policy Businesses failing People losing jobs
Run on the banks When the stock market crashed, people made a run on the banks – when people withdraw all their money because of fear the banks would close Because of this, most banks in America did end of closing, leaving people broke!
President Hoover’s Laissez-Faire Policy 1928 – Herbert Hoover elected President (3 rd Republican in a row) Firm believer in Laissez-Faire economics (government stays out of business) little to no regulation by the government 1929, Stock Market crashes Hoover believes the economy will fix itself and leaves it alone Instead it gets much worse! Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act, 1930 was supposed to protect American farmers and industry from foreign competition, instead did the opposite Made unemployment even worse!
Businesses fail and people lose jobs Hoover’s policy of Laissez-Faire = businesses failing and people losing jobs % of Americans who are Unemployed