Presentation on theme: "The conscious decision to avoid sexual activity"— Presentation transcript:
1 The conscious decision to avoid sexual activity AbstinenceWhat is it?The conscious decision to avoid sexual activityThe ONLY 100% effectivemethod to prevent pregnancy100%
2 Brainstorming Bell Work Think of as many reasons as you can why being abstinent from sex is a good choice for you.Think Holistically!!!Physical Mental/Emotional Social SpiritualPersonalize this by evaluating your goals and values.
3 Why wait or stop? Future goals Reputation & gossip Lower chances of acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as HIVWon’t have to “break the news” to future partnerSatisfy parental wishes “My parents would kill me.”Satisfy religious beliefsAvoid feeling guilty & regretFuture relationshipsFuture significant other might be looking for someone who has had limited or no partnersSave sex as a “gift” to your spouseNo stress caused by worrying about pregnancy, disease, or if someone will find outI want to be a good role modelMoney/child support
4 Already sexually active? It’s NOT too late to turn to abstinence TODAY!! Make a commitment to yourself and make sure to inform your significant other of your wishes.
5 Contraceptive Methods Contraception:attempting to prevent pregnancyOur goal is to have accurate information. Many aspects of your life need to be considered before having sex and possibly using these methods. Such as, what would my partner and I want if we experienced a pregnancy? Do my religious beliefs approve of these methods? Is a possible pregnancy and STIs worth it?
6 Condom Thin sheath of tissue placed on erect penis to catch semen Correct usage1. Must be placed on erect penis, before any vaginal contact2. Space left between end of penis and condom to allow room for semen accumulation (w/o space; breakage is possible)3. Penis (with condom attached) removed after ejaculation before erection is lost (so semen doesn’t spill out)
7 How it works: http://www.trojancondoms.com/quizzes/safer_sex/index.asp CondomEffectivenessNOT 100% for STIs or PregnancyDepends on if it is used properly every timeDisadvantagesMay prevent only some STI’sCondom doesn’t cover all places where transmission occursCondoms can be used for all 3 types of sexVaginal, oral, analHow it works:
8 Myths Other Considerations Myth: “Condoms are too small for me” Myth: Two at once increases protectionFact: Friction increases risk of breakageMyth: Condoms can be used more than once or flipped inside outFact: One time use productOther ConsiderationsDon’t store in glove compartments or carry in wallet (heat is bad)Some people are allergic to some condomsPolyurethane condoms can be used instead of latex if need be
9 Look for expiration date Examine for hole in package Holes may indicate a hole in condomSome lubricated with spermicide: a chemical compound that kills spermExpiration DateSpermicide
10 Natural Family Planning Several religions accept this methodDetermine fertile days in menstrual cycle and avoiding sex during this timeBody temp. recorded daily for several monthsTemperature slightly decreases just before ovulation and slightly rises after ovulationCervix mucus changes also recordedBefore ovulation mucus increases, become stringy, less sticky, clearer in colorDisadvantagesMust have a regular cycleIneffective for young people
11 Pill (oral contraceptive) Pill contains hormones (estrogen &/or progestin)Stop the release of eggs from ovaryThicken mucus from cervixThins lining of uterusMust take EVERY day to be effectiveIf missed: take 2 pills the next day, but chance of pregnancy will increaseIt is a prescription, so you need to see a Dr.DisadvantagesProtection only after a full month’s cycle of pills has been takenWomen still experience their menstrual period
12 Other Hormone Methods Birth Control Ring Birth Control Patch AKA: Vaginal RingKept in vagina for 3 weeks and then taken out for a weekBirth Control PatchHormones enter body through the skinChanged once a weekCan shower & swim with it onAbout.com:
13 Withdrawal (pulling out) NOT AN EFFECTIVE METHOD Removing erect penis from vagina before releasing semenPre-ejaculation fluid (from Cowper’s Glands) contains spermMales have no warning of when this fluid is being releasedDisadvantagesSelf control needed to remove penis during the height of sexual pleasure
14 Can methods be used together? Pill + condom + withdrawalYES!!!2 condoms at onceNO!!!