Presentation on theme: "Is Perceived Self-Efficacy a Universal Construct?"— Presentation transcript:
1Is Perceived Self-Efficacy a Universal Construct? Psychometric Findings from 22 CulturesRalf Schwarzer & Urte ScholzFreie Universität Berlin, Germany
2Perceived Self-Efficacy is the belief that one can perform a novel or difficult task, or cope with adversity -- in various domains of human functioning
3Perceived Self-Efficacy FACILITATES:GOAL SETTINGEFFORT INVESTMENTPERSISTANCE IN FACE OF BARRIERSRECOVERY FROM SETBACKS
4General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale Ralf Schwarzer & Matthias Jerusalem (1995)Examples:I can always manage to solve difficult problems if I try hard enough.Thanks to my resourcefulness, I know how to handle unforeseen situations.If I am in trouble, I can usually think of a solution.I am confident that I could deal efficiently with unexpected events.
5The full 10-item scale can be copied from the web The General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale Source of the English Version:Schwarzer, R. & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston (Eds.), Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp ). Windsor, UK: NFER-NELSON.The full 10-item scale can be copied from the web
19Correlations Between Self-Efficacy And Other Constructs Correlations Between Self-Efficacy And Other ConstructsSelf-Efficacy Sum Score of German Teachers (N = 302)Proactive Coping.55Self-Regulation.58Procrastination-.56Emotional Exhaustion-.47Depersonalisation-.44Lack of Accomplishment-.75
20Correlations Between Self-Efficacy And Other Constructs Expected Social Support.43.30Self-Efficacy Sum Score ofCosta RicansWomen(N = 393)Men(N = 258)Anxiety-.43-.42Depression-.46-.33Optimism.60.52
21www.healthpsych.de CONCLUSIONS The Self-Efficacy Scale Is Reliable And Unidimensional Across Cultures.
22ReferencesSchwarzer, R. (Ed.) (1992). Self-efficacy: Thought control of action. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.Schwarzer, R. & Born, A. (1997). Optimistic self-beliefs: Assessment of general perceived self-efficacy in thirteen cultures. World Psychology, 3,Schwarzer, R., Bäßler, J., Kwiatek, P., Schröder, K., & Zhang, J. X. (1997). The assessment of optimistic self-beliefs: Comparison of the German, Spanish, and Chinese versions of the General Self-Efficacy scale. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 46,Schwarzer, R., Born, A., Iwawaki, S., Lee, Y.-M., Saito, E., & Yue, X. (1997). The assessment of optimistic self-beliefs: Comparison of the Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese and Korean versions of the General Self-Efficacy Scale. Psychologia: An International Journal of Psychology in the Orient, 40, 1-13.Schwarzer, R. & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston (Eds.), Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp ). Windsor, UK: NFER-NELSON.Schwarzer, R. & Jerusalem, M. (Eds.) (1999). Skalen zur Erfassung von Lehrer- und Schülermerkmalen. Dokumentation der psychometrischen Verfahren im Rahmen der Wissenschaftlichen Begleitung des Modellversuchs Selbstwirksame Schulen [Scales for the assessment of teacher and student characteristics.] Berlin, Germany: Freie Universität Berlin.Schwarzer, R., Mueller, J., & Greenglass, E. (1999). Assessment of perceived general self-efficacy on the Internet: Data collection in cyberspace. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 12,Schwarzer, R., Schmitz, G. S. & Tang, C. (2000). Teacher burnout in Hong Kong and Germany: A cross-cultural validation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 13,Zhang, J. X. & Schwarzer, R. (1995). Measuring optimistic self-beliefs: A Chinese adaptation of the General Self-Efficacy Scale. Psychologia, 38,
23Source of this Presentation: Scholz, U., Gutiérrez-Doña, B., Sud, S., & Schwarzer, R. (2002). Is general self-efficacy a universal construct? Psychometric findings from 25 countries. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18, No. 3,