Presentation on theme: "Diffusion of Cultures Trade, Beliefs, and Goods. Diffusion of Cultures n spread of ideas from central points n adaptation of ideas to local needs n creative."— Presentation transcript:
Diffusion of Cultures n spread of ideas from central points n adaptation of ideas to local needs n creative additions n Innovation, Diffusion, Acculturation
Major Trades Routes n Where were the major trades routes in the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000 to 1500AD? n Six Major Routes on or crossing three continents. –Africa –Asia –Europe n Trade routes connected most major civilizations.
Major Trades Routes n All of these routes would connect with others at certain points. n This meant the world was connected by trade, even if most people never knew it. n These trade routes are one of the biggest reasons cultural diffusion took place. n These routes helped ideas, technologies, etc spread across the entire world.
Silk Road Runs across Asia to the Mediterranean.
n Cultural diffusion ReligionsideasTrade innovations Agents of movement Christianity Islam Buddhism Classical philosophy Mathematics Medicine Literature Religious architecture Agricultural methods urbanization Tribute Banking Paper currency Guilds Letters of credit Maritime technology Nomads Merchants Missionaries “barbarians” Empires
Silk RouteIndian Ocean Black SeaMediterrane an Trans- Saharan Camel caravan Spread of Islam and Buddhism Abbasid, Byzantine and Tang/Song tribute Mongols Delhi Sultanate Silk, perfumes, dyes, porcelain, lacquer ware Mongol open it up from one side to next Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo Banking, letters of credit paper money Paper making spread Silk production spread Indian cotton Merchants, missionaries Black death Samarkand, Constantinople, Chang An, Baghdad, Mongol Ilk Khanate Spice trade (nutmegs, cloves, cinnamon, ginger) Sugar introduced Goa, Calicut, Guang Zhou Spread of Buddhism and Islam Swahili city-States, Hindu Merchants Dhows, Lateen sails, junk ships African Gold Indian cotton Commercial elements of Dar Al Islam (guilds, banking, letters of credit) Europe omitted Constantinople, Novgorod, Kiev, Rus Byzantine Empire Eastern Orthodox Christianity Cyrillic alphabet, Onion domed cathedrals Mongol Golden Horde Crusades, Caliphate of Cordova, Venice. Constantinople, Byzantine Islam, Persia Italian city-states Black Death European commercial revolution Guilds, banking, joint stock companies Bourgeoisie Roman Catholicism High Middle Ages Animism Gold-Salt Islam Mali Timbuktu, Jene-Jene Islamic Scholarships Connection to Arab north then to Europe (2/3 of European Gold came from W Africa) Ghana, Mali, Songhai Dumb Barter Tribute Connection to East Africa Camel caravanserai Slavery University of Timbuktu
n From 600-1450 interregional trade in both the Indian Ocean and Trans Sahara were dominated by Muslim merchants interconnected through regulations of the Sharia and fostered by guilds, banking systems and Islamic Scholarships, both utilized Arabic as the lingua franca (language of trade) to foster trading relationships, however, the influence of the Sudanic Kingdoms of Ghana, Mali and Songhai would be felt only as far as the Mediterrean trading Gold for Salt whilst the Swahili city-state’s exports and imports of sugar, spices and ivory could be felt as far away as the Indian sub-continent, South China and the Malay peninsula n Or n The Silk Route and Western Europe interregional trading networks 600-1450 were both predominantly overland routes connecting civilizations and empires through the spreading of goods like textiles and foodstuffs, both would utilize merchants whose advancements in financial institutions (guilds, banking, letters of credit) would facilitate more intensive trade, however, the Silk route had been in existence for many hundreds of years interconnection great trading empires like the Abbasid and Tang/Song Dynasties while Western European cities and guilds (Hanseatic League, Italian city-states) entered the picture later after the Middle Ages and did not flourish economically for many hundreds of years later.
Diffusion of Cultures Trade, Beliefs, and Goods