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IES Gerardo Molina March 2013

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Presentation on theme: "IES Gerardo Molina March 2013"— Presentation transcript:

1 IES Gerardo Molina March 2013
PASSIVE VOICE IES Gerardo Molina March 2013

He reads the newspaper He reads the newspapers The newspaper is read (by him) The newspapers are read (by him) PRESENT CONTINUOUS She’s making tea She’s making biscuits Tea is being made (by her). Biscuits are being made (by her) PAST SIMPLE Peter bought a new TV. Peter bought 2 T-shirts A new TV was bought by Peter. Two T-shirts were bought by Peter. PAST CONTINUOUS She was reading a book. She was reading two books. A book was being read (by her) Two books were being read (by her). PRESENT PERFECT July has passed the test. July has passed 2 tests. The test has been passed (by July) Two tests have been passed (by J.) PAST PERFECT He had seen a black cat. He had seen 2 black cats. A black cat had been seen (by him) 2 black cats had been seen (by him)

I will clean my room I will buy 2 lottery tickets My room will be cleaned 2 lottery tickets will be bought (by me) FUTURE PERFECT He will have made his bed in the morning. He will have cooked 2 dishes. His bed will have been made in the morning. 2 dishes will have been cooked (by him). CONDITIONAL 1 I would eat a sandwich if I were at home. A sandwich would be eaten (by me) if … CONDITIONAL 2 He would have written an essay if he had time. An essay would have been written (by him) if… INFINITIVE We have to do the exam The exam has to be done MODAL VB I should make dinner He must have understood the problem. Dinner should be made. The problem must have been understood.

4 USE To highlight the ACTION instead of the DOER / PERSON:
They have shot the policeman! >The policeman has been shot! To place the most important element at the very beginning of the sentence: They offered Harry a good job > A good job was offered to Harry. A huge audience watched the royal wedding > The royal wedding was watched by a huge audience.

5 By + agent By is the correct preposition in the P.V.
The door was closed by the headmaster. We can omit /by” + the agent when... We don’t know who does the action: My bag has been stolen. (I don’t know by whom) When the doer is not important: The thief has been arrested. (by the police, obviously) We don’t want to name the doer on purpose: Mario has been kissed many times.

6 Verbs with 2 objects… We may have a DIRECT OBJECT + an INDIRECT OBJECT in the same sentence: Someone sent Jenny a love letter. (IO) (DO) GIVE / LEND / OFFER / PAY / PROMISE / REFUSE / SHOW / SEND / TEACH / TELL ... Examples: 2 POSSIBILITIES: A love letter was sent to Jenny. Jenny was sent a love letter. Helen’s fiance gave her a diamond ring. A diamond ring was given to Helen by her fiance. Helen was given a diamond ring.

7 The Passive with Reporting Verbs…
BELIEVE – CONSIDER – EXPECT – KNOW – MEAN – SUPPOSE - THINK 1. Marriage is very positive. It is said that marriage is very positive. Marriage is said to be very positive. 2. Venice is a romantic city. It is considered that Venice is a romantic city. Venice is considered to be a romantic city. 3. People thought that Peter was from Australia. It was thought that Peter was from Australia. Peter was thought to be from Australia. 4. People suppose that this film is good. It is supposed that this film is good. This film is supposed to be good.

8 Have / get something done
We don’t do the action, but other people do it for us: HAVE / GET + OBJECT + 3rd COLUMN Examples: She’s having / getting her hair cut. I’m having / getting my flat redecorated this summer. Yesterday I had / got my navel pierced. How often do you have /get your car serviced? He might have / get his head shaved. Also for unpleasant situations: Gary had his nose broken in a fight. Have you ever had your passport stolen? I had my ankle twisted during the match. We had our windows broken during the demonstration.

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