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Soft Tissue Injuries: Cuts, Scrapes and Bruises

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Presentation on theme: "Soft Tissue Injuries: Cuts, Scrapes and Bruises"— Presentation transcript:


2 Soft Tissue Injuries: Cuts, Scrapes and Bruises

3 Wounds Two Types of Wounds Open Closed

4 Closed Wounds Closed soft tissue injuries that do not result in broken skin can be internal and external Example: Bruises

5 How to Care for Closed Wounds
Apply direct pressure to decrease bleeding Apply cold to decrease swelling May also elevate to decrease swelling

6 Closed Wounds Care Continued
Do not assume that all closed wounds are minor injuries Take time to check if it is more serious Serious closed wounds can be caused by a violent force hitting the body

7 Closed Wounds Care Continued
Call or local emergency number if: A person complains of severe pain or cannot move a body part without pain You think the force that caused the injury was enough to cause serious damage An injured extremity is blue or extremely pale

8 Open Wounds Open Soft tissue injuries in which there is a break in the skin If not treated properly can become infected

9 Types of Open Wounds Four Types of Open Wounds Abrasions Lacerations
Avulsions Punctures

10 Abrasions Most common Caused by something rubbing against the skin
Little bleeding but usually painful Called: scrape rug burn road rash

11 Lacerations Cut in the skin Commonly caused by a sharp object
Can also be caused by blunt force that splits the skin Bleeding depends on depth of cut Not always painful because nerves are damaged

12 Avulsions Portion of the skin and other soft tissue is torn away
Violent force may tear away entire body part Damages deep tissue which causes significant bleeding

13 Punctures A piercing of the skin Usually caused by a pointed object
Examples: Nail and Gun Shot Wounds Do not bleed much unless a blood vessel is injured Germs carried deep into the body

14 Tetanus Severe infection caused by bacteria that produces powerful poison in the body Enters through breaks in the skin, especially puncture wounds. Tetanus freezes or “locks” the muscles. Prevention is a tetanus shot at least every 10 years; It is a fatal condition.

15 How to Care for an Open Wound
Clean area Apply some type of dressing Dressing include: Occlusive – closes wound, prevents exposure to air Bandage – any material used to wrap or cover part of the body Stitches

16 Signs of Infection Area around wound may become: Fever and feeling ill
Swollen and red Feel warm or throb with pain Discharge of puss Fever and feeling ill Red streaks appear progressing from wound in the direction of the heart Keep area clean if suspect infection Seek medical attention if at home treatments do not work

17 General Guidelines to Care for Wounds
Minor Wounds Major Wounds Call 9-1-1 Put on disposable gloves Cover wound with dressing Apply pressure Add more bandages, never remove Monitor ABC’s Check for signals of worsening condition Use barrier between your hands and wound (disposable gloves) Apply direct pressure to control bleeding Wash wound Apply triple-antibiotic ointment Cover wound with sterile bandage

18 Objectives The learner will be able to identify at least 3 of the 4 types of open wounds by answering number 4 on their review worksheet. The learner will use their time effectively to take notes during the presentation of the topics during the class period.


20 Section 8 Pages Injuries to Muscles, Bones and Joints

21 There are 4 types of injuries to bone, muscles and joints.
Fractures Can be opened or closed Can be complete break, a chip or crack

22 Dislocations A movement of bone away from the normal joint

23 A tearing of the ligaments at the joint
Sprains A tearing of the ligaments at the joint

24 Strains Strain- stretching and tearing of muscles or tendons (The back is a common area)

25 Care for Muscle, Bone and joint injuries of Injuries: R.I.C.E
R – Rest I- Immobilize C- Cold E - Elevate Care for Muscle, Bone and joint injuries of Injuries: R.I.C.E

26 Splinting Method of immobilization
Use only if person must be moved or transported by someone other than EMS Splint only if you can do so without causing more pain Splint injury in position you found it Splint injured area and bones or joints above and below the injury Check for circulation before and after splinting

27 4 types of Splints that can be used
Anatomical Splints Soft Splints Rigid Splints The Ground The Ground Soft splints

28 Head, Neck and Back injuries(136/126)
Common causes: Signs and Signals How to care for this type of injury.

29 The Regions of the Spine(127/137)

30 Concussion Signs and Signals
How to care for someone that has a concussion

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