4 Closed WoundsClosedsoft tissue injuries that do not result in broken skincan be internal and externalExample: Bruises
5 How to Care for Closed Wounds Apply direct pressure to decrease bleedingApply cold to decrease swellingMay also elevate to decrease swelling
6 Closed Wounds Care Continued Do not assume that all closed wounds are minor injuriesTake time to check if it is more seriousSerious closed wounds can be caused by a violent force hitting the body
7 Closed Wounds Care Continued Call or local emergency number if:A person complains of severe pain or cannot move a body part without painYou think the force that caused the injury was enough to cause serious damageAn injured extremity is blue or extremely pale
8 Open WoundsOpenSoft tissue injuries in which there is a break in the skinIf not treated properly can become infected
9 Types of Open Wounds Four Types of Open Wounds Abrasions Lacerations AvulsionsPunctures
10 Abrasions Most common Caused by something rubbing against the skin Little bleeding but usually painfulCalled:scraperug burnroad rash
11 Lacerations Cut in the skin Commonly caused by a sharp object Can also be caused by blunt force that splits the skinBleeding depends on depth of cutNot always painful because nerves are damaged
12 Avulsions Portion of the skin and other soft tissue is torn away Violent force may tear away entire body partDamages deep tissue which causes significant bleeding
13 Punctures A piercing of the skin Usually caused by a pointed object Examples: Nail and Gun Shot WoundsDo not bleed much unless a blood vessel is injuredGerms carried deep into the body
14 TetanusSevere infection caused by bacteria that produces powerful poison in the bodyEnters through breaks in the skin, especially puncture wounds.Tetanus freezes or “locks” the muscles.Prevention is a tetanus shot at least every 10 years; It is a fatal condition.
15 How to Care for an Open Wound Clean areaApply some type of dressingDressing include:Occlusive – closes wound, prevents exposure to airBandage – any material used to wrap or cover part of the bodyStitches
16 Signs of Infection Area around wound may become: Fever and feeling ill Swollen and redFeel warm or throb with painDischarge of pussFever and feeling illRed streaks appear progressing from wound in the direction of the heartKeep area clean if suspect infectionSeek medical attention if at home treatments do not work
17 General Guidelines to Care for Wounds Minor WoundsMajor WoundsCall 9-1-1Put on disposable glovesCover wound with dressingApply pressureAdd more bandages, never removeMonitor ABC’sCheck for signals of worsening conditionUse barrier between your hands and wound (disposable gloves)Apply direct pressure to control bleedingWash woundApply triple-antibiotic ointmentCover wound with sterile bandage
18 ObjectivesThe learner will be able to identify at least 3 of the 4 types of open wounds by answering number 4 on their review worksheet.The learner will use their time effectively to take notes during the presentation of the topics during the class period.
20 Section 8 PagesInjuries to Muscles, Bones and Joints
21 There are 4 types of injuries to bone, muscles and joints. Fractures Can be opened or closed Can be complete break, a chip or crack
22 DislocationsA movement of bone away from the normal joint
23 A tearing of the ligaments at the joint SprainsA tearing of the ligaments at the joint
24 StrainsStrain- stretching and tearing of muscles or tendons (The back is a common area)
25 Care for Muscle, Bone and joint injuries of Injuries: R.I.C.E R – RestI- ImmobilizeC- ColdE - ElevateCare for Muscle, Bone and joint injuries of Injuries: R.I.C.E
26 Splinting Method of immobilization Use only if person must be moved or transported by someone other than EMSSplint only if you can do so without causing more painSplint injury in position you found itSplint injured area and bones or joints above and below the injuryCheck for circulation before and after splinting
27 4 types of Splints that can be used Anatomical SplintsSoft SplintsRigid SplintsThe GroundThe GroundSoft splints
28 Head, Neck and Back injuries(136/126) Common causes: Signs and Signals How to care for this type of injury.