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The Writing Process Write On! Drafting Revising Proofreading

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Presentation on theme: "The Writing Process Write On! Drafting Revising Proofreading"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Writing Process Write On! Drafting Revising Proofreading
Final Draft PreWriting Write On!

2 The Writing Process Stage 1—Prewriting Stage 2—Drafting
Stage 3—Revising Stage 4—Proofreading Stage 5—Final Draft Write On!

3 Prewriting Identify your reading audience, the person or people for whom you are writing. Define your purpose, or reason for writing. Choose one topic to focus on in your writing. Gather and organize information about your topic. Write On!

4 Drafting At this stage, you begin to turn your prewriting ideas into a smooth flowing work of writing. At this time, it is best to write freely, not worrying about errors in grammar or mechanics. If you find as you write that your prewriting plan does not work as you had hoped, you can go back to the prewriting stage and collect more information or make changes in your plan. Write On!

5 Revising Review your essay for improvements – check the information, the organization, and the language in the draft to see if it is appropriate to your audience and to your purpose for writing. Make all necessary changes and improvements. Write On!

6 This is where the writing for your standardized writing tests ends.
Proofreading At this stage, correct errors in capitalization, punctuation, grammar, and spelling. This is where the writing for your standardized writing tests ends. Write On!

7 Final Draft This is the final stage of the writing process.
The writer takes all the information and edit marks from the stages three and four on the rough draft and writes the paper over. The writer will produce a new and final draft of the paper without mistakes. Write On!

8 Expository & Persuasive Writing
Writing for Standardized Tests Expository & Persuasive Writing Write On!

9 Expository Writing Expository: To explain To inform To clarify
To define To instruct Write On!

10 Expository Writing Expository Writing: Gives information
Explains something Clarifies a process Defines a concept Write On!

11 Expository Writing Before you begin writing: ASK – How… Why… What…
are you explaining? Be sure you completely understand the prompt! Write On!

12 Persuasive Writing Presents the writer’s opinion Informs the reader
Uses appeals to reason or logic Uses appeals to emotions Tries to change the reader’s attitude, belief, or behavior Write On!

13 Before you begin writing:
Persuasive Writing Before you begin writing: Judge, evaluate or prove your opinion. Once you have gathered several ideas, facts to back up your opinion - begin your writing. If your opinion is not a strong one (you do not have many facts to support it), modify or change your opinion so that you can support it effectively. Form an Opinion – Do you have a strong personal feeling about the topic being discussed? Choose one side – and stick to it! Write On!

14 Steps to Remember when Writing Expository & Persuasive Essays
Use a hook - “Grab your audience” Write a solid thesis statement. This is your road map to a great essay. Use two or three supporting ideas. Try to incorporate at least one character trait. Use high-quality transitional devices to move into each body paragraph. End each paragraph with a justifier sentence. Make sure your purpose for writing has been accomplished – follow your thesis statement. Conclude…this is as important as your opening. Use the writing process… make sure you edit and revise your writing! Write On!

15 How your essays will be graded.
Rubrics How your essays will be graded. Write On!

16 A “6” Essay Nearly perfect Shows superior understanding
Powerful organization Noticeable coherence Shows precision & sophistication Write On!

17 A “5” Essay Solid Shows accurate grasp of topic Clearly organized
Shows maturity in writing Write On!

18 A “4” Essay Competent Has commonplace understanding
Organized, but with some digressions (departures from the topic) Write On!

19 A “3” Essay Shows limited understanding Pedestrian (ordinary)
Unnecessary repetition Interference of other ideas Write On!

20 A “2” Essay Insignificant handling of the topic OR
Misunderstanding of concepts Disjointed/unsupported generalizations Write On!

21 A “1” Essay Rambling Incoherent Confusing Write On!

22 The Six Traits of Writing
The keys to unlock powerful writing Write On!

23 What are these traits or keys?
Ideas Organization Word Choice Voice Sentence Fluency Conventions Write On!

24 Powerful and Significant
Ideas Powerful and Significant Write On!

25 Ideas It all makes sense. I know this topic well.
My paper has a purpose. I have included interesting details not everyone would think of. Once you start reading, you won’t want to stop. Write On!

26 Organization Logical and Effective Write On!

27 Organization It starts out with a bang. Everything ties together well.
You can follow it easily. At the end it feels finished and makes you think. Write On!

28 Word Choice Specific and Precise Write On!

29 Word Choice This is the best way to say this.
My words make pictures in the reader’s mind. I used words that are new ways to say everyday things. My verbs are powerful; my nouns and adjectives are specific and precise. Some of the words linger in your mind after you read them. Write On!

30 Individual and Appropriate
Voice Individual and Appropriate Write On!

31 Voice It sounds like a real person wrote it.
You can tell that I care about this topic. This is what I really think. I want you to read this and feel something. You can tell that I am thinking about my audience. Write On!

32 Sentence Fluency Smooth and Expressive Write On!

33 Sentence Fluency It sounds good as you read it.
My sentences begin in different ways. Some sentences are long; some are short. It sounds good as you read it. My sentences have power and punch. My writing flows easily from sentence to sentence. Write On!

34 Correct and Communicative
Conventions Correct and Communicative Write On!

35 Conventions I have used capitals correctly.
Periods, commas, exclamation marks, and quotation marks are in the right places. Every word is spelled correctly. I indented each paragraph. My spelling, punctuation, grammar, and capitalization make my writing easy to read and understand. Write On!

36 Hints to Raise your Writing Score
Writing for Standardized Tests Hints to Raise your Writing Score Write On!

37 Hints to Raise Your Writing Score
Eliminate narrative elements from your writing: I think… My first reason is… Do you like… Hi, my name is… Begin your essay with a hook. Grab the reader’s attention from the very start. Use Character Traits to help you develop a strong thesis. Incorporate significant quotes, specific examples, and valid reasoning into your essay. Write On!

38 Hints to Raise Your Writing Score It was positively sweltering.
Move into each body paragraph with mature transitional devices which clearly state the main idea of the paragraph. At the end of each body paragraph, use a justifier sentence to restate your main idea. Eliminate “dead” words from your essay – make your writing come alive! It was very hot. It was positively sweltering. Write On!

39 Hints to Raise Your Writing Score
Combine simple sentences with a semi-colon (;) transition and a comma (,) I was out of milk. I went to the store. I was out of milk; therefore, I went to the store. Combine simple sentences with a coordinating conjunction and a comma (,) I was out of milk. I went to the store. I was out of milk, so I went to the store. Write On!

40 Hints to Raise Your Writing Score
Begin sentences in a different way than with a subject – utilize adverbs, gerunds, prepositional phrases, and subordinate clauses. Suddenly, the room… Running through the woods, … In the morning, … Although it was late, … Write On!

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