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Sexually Transmitted DiseasesSTDs & Teens: A Reality Check
Why teens are at high risk?Teens and young adults are more likely to: Have multiple partners, Engage in unprotected sex.
Young women are: More likely to choose older partners,Biologically more susceptible to Chlamydia, Gonorrhea and HIV.
STD and Teens: Statistics12 million new cases each year 3 million are among teenagers 13% of youth 13 – 19 contract an STD each year
Chlamydia Found in 20 – 40% of teens (most common) Caused by bacteria.Silent Disease: 65-80% of females and 20-30% of males show no symptoms. May cause sterility.
Gonorrhea Highly contagious bacterial infection.Also known as the “drip” or “clap”. May cause sterility, arthritis and heart trouble.
Herpes Viral infection. Herpes Simplex 1 (HSV1) – a.k.a. “cold sores”.Herpes Simplex 2 (HSV2) – genital herpes. Deadly to newborns and infants.
Herpes (continued) Rate of new infections highest in late teens and early twenties. 15 – 20% of teens are infected with herpes. Chances of infection increase with age.
HPV No cure – viral. 28 – 46% of women under 25 are infected with HPV.May cause cervical cancer. Genital warts affect 1/3 of all sexually active teens.
Syphilis Highly contagious bacteria. Can affect all parts of the body.Three stages – may lead to death. Rates among teens are low.
Safe Sex Sex = oral, anal and/or vaginal Abstinence. Male Condom.Female Condom. Oral Barriers (Dental Dam).
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Sexually Transmitted Infections
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
Chlamydia Pathogen: Bacteria- Chlamydia trachomatis Slang: Clam Transmission: during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Male symptoms: discharge from the penis.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are highly communicable infections that are contracted through sexual contact.
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