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Exam Study Guide Use with outline notes.

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1 Exam Study Guide Use with outline notes

2 Examples of Interests Hobbies Activities Subjects
1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.

3 Interest Categories Group your interests accordingly. Categories
People Data Things Ideas People Data Things Ideas 1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.

4 Practice Questions - Set 1
1. Watching television, drawing, and reading are all examples of: A attitudes. B data. C hobbies. D things. 2. Cheerleading, debating, and studying are all examples of: A activities. B hobbies. C information. D subjects. 3. Hiking, hobbies, and hunting are all examples of: A data. B interests. C things. D values. 4. Negativity, sadness, and jealousy are all examples of what? A Attitudes B Ideas C Interests D Values 1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.

5 How is attitude classified?
Positive Negative How do positive and negative attitudes affect your outlook on life? How can attitude affect the work place? 1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.

6 Types of Values Relationships – being close to friends and family Responsibility – being dependable and trustworthy Achievement – wanting to succeed in whatever you do Compassion - caring for others Recognition – wanting to be respected and appreciated. Courage – overcoming fear to face problems 1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.

7 You’ve got personality!
Personality can be categorized by your: Actions – Helpful, playful, charming… Feelings – Happy, sad, glad… Habits – talk fast when nervous, twirl hair when thinking.. Thoughts – wishful, positive, negative….. What are some other examples? Personality is the traits that make a person unique. 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

8 8 Learning Styles or Multiple Intelligences

9 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
Verbal/Linguistic Definition Verbal/Linguistic – related to words and language Characteristics Likes to read books Listens to and gives oral presentations Communicates through written and oral messages Likes discussions and debates Likes to explain things How does this person learn best? Saying, hearing, and seeing words 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

10 Logical/Mathematical
Definition Logical/Mathematical – reasoned, precise, accurate Characteristics Likes to conduct experiments Likes to work with numbers Likes to explore patterns and relationships Good at math, problem solving, and reasoning How does this person learn best? Categorizing, classifying, and working with patterns and relationships 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

11 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
Bodily/Kinesthetic Definition Physical activity and movement and awareness through sensory perception – hearing, seeing, smelling, feeling Characteristics Likes to move around, touch, talk, and use body language Good at sports, dancing, gymnastics, and crafts How does this person learn best? By touching, moving, interacting with space and processing knowledge through bodily sensations 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

12 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
Visual/Spatial Definition Mental images, seeing, sight Characteristics Likes to draw, build, design, and create Daydreamer and imaginative Watches movies and plays computer games Good at sensing changes Good at puzzles and mazes and reading charts and graphs How does this person learn best? By visualizing, dreaming, and using colors and pictures 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

13 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
Musical/Rhythmic Definition Sound arranged in patterns, tone, and pitch through music, poetry, color, painting, and photography Characteristics Likes to sing, hum tunes, listen to music, play an instrument Good at picking up sounds, remembering melodies, noticing pitch, rhythm, and patterns Good at keeping time How does this person learn best? Through rhythm, melody, and music 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

14 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
Interpersonal Definition Related to relationships with other people Characteristics Has lots of friends, likes to talk and join groups Good at understanding people Good at communicating Good at mediation (resolving conflict) How does this person learn best? Sharing with others, collaborative groups, and teaching others 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

15 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
Intrapersonal Definition Within self Characteristics Likes to work alone Reflective and self-aware Instinctual Original How does this person learn best? Working alone, individualized projects, and self-paced instruction 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

16 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
Naturalistic Definition Related to nature and the environment Characteristics Likes to work outside Enjoys geography, weather, learning about the environment Good at categorizing, organizing, planning, Interested in preservation and conservation Likes to work with animals How does this person learn best? By studying nature’s patterns, such as erosion and climate, learning how things work, and cause and effect relationships 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.

17 Transferable Skills Social and Communication Listening Problem-Solving
Technology Decision Making Organizing and Planning Teamwork Adaptability

18 Physical Mental Social
Personal Skills Physical Mental Social

19 Career Categories Careers are divided into four broad categories to make searching for jobs and job descriptions easier. Working with People – involves working to benefit people or society. Careers include: teaching, doctor, coaching, law enforcement, social worker, etc. Working with Data – involves working with information and numbers. Careers include: accounting, researching, computer programming, etc. 2.01 Understand how interests and values influence career choices.

20 Career Categories (continued)
Working with Things – involves working with equipment, machines, and tools. Careers include: building, cooking, landscaping, operating machines, etc. Working with Ideas – involves working with concepts and ideas. Careers include acting, designing, organizing, writing, etc. 2.01 Understand how interests and values influence career choices.

21 What values are most important?
Creativity Being able to produce or do something original Recognition Being respected or known for what you do Independence Being able to work on your own and at your own speed Job Security Having regular steady work Variety Being able to do different things 2.01 Understand how interests and values influence career choices.

22 Dr. Holland’s Code to Personality Types
Realistic –The Doers Investigative – The Thinkers Artistic – The Creators Social – The Helpers Enterpriser – The Persuaders Conventional – The Organizers

23 WORK CATEGORIES JOB – WORK DONE TO EARN MONEY
OCCUPATION – SET OF RELATED JOB SKILLS AND EXPERIENCES CAREER – A SERIES OF JOBS HELD OVER A PERIOD OF TIME IN THE SAME OR RELATED FIELD OF INTEREST VOLUNTEER - WORK DONE FOR FUN

24 REASONS WHY PEOPLE WORK
Money (Income) Identity Lifestyle Satisfaction Contribution to society

25 REASONS FOR CHANGE IN THE WORKING WORLD
Global Economy Technology Society Workplace Trends – more women working than ever before

26 Work Place Trends Vocabulary
Team Workforce Diversity Job Sharing Outsourcing Telecommuting Flextime

27 Practice Questions Set 2
4. Ann works for a large company. Her office is in her home. What world of work change has contributed to this? A Global economy B Technology C Society D Workplace trends 5. Which is an example of how technology has changed the world of work? A Availability of onsite childcare facilities B Keeping appointments on a Blackberry C More casual dressing D Using a paper calendar 6. Which is an example of how the global economy has changed the world of work? A Minimum work age is younger B Most people work at home C No more weekend work D Required some jobs to be moved overseas 7. Which is an example of how the global economy has changed the world of work? A Increase in the number of work days B Many people work from home C People do not have to travel for work D Telephone assistance from India 1. Which is an example of how society has changed the world of work? A Decreased number of grandparents in the workplace B Decreased number of men in the workplace C Increased number of adolescents in the workplace D Increased number of woman in the workplace 2. A female engineer noticed that more women engineers are in her department than men. What world of work change has contributed to this increase? A Global economy B Technology C Society D Workplace trends 3. An employee worked in the same plant for ten years. In six months, his/her department will move overseas. What world of work change has contributed to this move?

28 Practice Questions – Set 3
1. Which is an example of a workplace trend? A Being a lifelong learner B Being concerned C Being optimistic D Being the best employee 2. Tom worked as a newspaper deliverer, taxi driver, and waiter. These are examples of which type of work? A Job B Occupation C Career D Volunteer 3. In six years, Jane worked as a teacher, counselor, and principal. These are examples of which type of work? 4. Kim has been an X-Ray technician, nurse, and surgeon. These are examples of which type of work? A Job B Occupation C Career D Volunteer 5. Tom donates his time on weekends, feeding the homeless and reading to the elderly. These are examples of which type of work?

29 TRADITIONAL / NON-TRADITIONAL CAREERS
Traditional Careers are those careers you would identify as typically “male” or typically “female”. Non-traditional Careers are those that are not thought of as “traditional” male or female.

30 Practice Questions – Set 4
1. Which are examples of types of work grouped by similar careers? A Dentist and surgeon B Receptionist and engineer C Baker and barber D Musician and researcher 2. Which are examples of types of work grouped by similar careers? A Engineer and eye doctor B Cashier and clerk C Driver and drafter D Scientist and school teacher 3. Which are examples of types of work grouped by common interests? A Firefighter and farmer B Architect and accountant C Hairstylist and barber D Receptionist and mechanic 4. Which are examples of types of work grouped by career field? A Coach and umpire B Cook and hairstylist C Funeral director and mathematician D Electrician and editor

31 CAREER CLUSTERS A CAREER CLUSTER IS A GROUP OF JOBS AND INDUSTRIES THAT ARE SIMILAR.

32 CAREER CLUSTERS 16 National Career Clusters
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resource Architecture and Construction Arts, Audio/Video Technology, & Communications Business, Management, and Administration Education and Training

33 CLUSTERS (CONT’D) Finance Government and Public Administration
Health Science Hospitality and Tourism Human Services Information Technology

34 CLUSTERS (CONT’D) Law, Public Safety, and Security Manufacturing
Marketing, Sales, and Service Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Transportation, Distribution, and Logistics

35 Foundation Skills – Basic
Reading – locates, understands, and interprets written information in prose and in documents such as manuals, graphs, and schedules Writing – communicates thoughts, ideas, information, and messages in writing, and creates documents such as letters, directions, manuals, reports, graphs, and flow charts Arithmetic/Mathematics – performs basic computations and approaches practical problems by choosing appropriately from a variety of mathematical techniques Listening – receives, attends to, interprets, and responds to verbal messages and other cues Speaking – organizes ideas and communicates orally 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

36 Thinking Skills Creativity – generates new ideas
Decision Making – specifies goals and constraints, generates alternatives, considers risks, and evaluates and chooses best alternative Problem Solving – recognizes problems and devises and implements plan of action Seeing Things in the Mind’s Eye – organizes, and processes symbols, pictures, graphs, objects, and other information Knowing how to learn – uses efficient learning techniques to acquire and apply new knowledge and skills Reasoning – discovers a rule or principle underlying the relationship between two or more objects and applies it when solving a problem 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

37 Personal Qualities Responsibility – exerts a high level of effort and perseveres towards goal attainment Self-Esteem – believes in own self-worth and maintains a positive view of self Sociability – demonstrates understanding, friendliness, adaptability, empathy, and politeness in group settings Self-Management – assesses self accurately, sets personal goals, monitors progress, and exhibits self-control Integrity/Honesty – chooses ethical courses of action 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

38 Workplace Specific Skills

39 Resources Time – selects goal-relevant activities, ranks them, allocates time, and prepares and follows schedules Money – uses or prepares budgets, makes forecasts, keeps records, and makes adjustments to meet objectives Material and Facilities – acquires, stores, allocates, and uses materials or space efficiently Human Resources – assesses skills and distributes work accordingly, evaluates performance and provides feedback 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

40 Interpersonal Participates as a Member of a Team – contributes to group effort Teaches Others New Skills Serves Clients/Customers – works to satisfy customers’ expectations Exercises Leadership – communicates ideas to justify position, persuades and convinces others, responsibly challenges existing procedures and policies Negotiates – works toward agreements involving exchange of resources, resolves divergent interests Works with Diversity – works well with men and women from diverse backgrounds 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

41 Information Acquires and Evaluates Information – identifies need for data, obtains it from existing sources or creates it, and evaluates its relevance and accuracy Organizes and Maintains Information – organizes, processes, and maintains written or computerized records and other forms of information in a systematic fashion Interprets and Communicates Information – selects and analyzes information and communicates the results to others using oral, written, graphic, pictorial, or multimedia methods Uses Computers to Process Information – employs computers to acquire, organize, analyze, and communicate information 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

42 Systems Understands Systems – knows how social, organizational, and technological systems work and operates effectively with them Monitors and Corrects Performance – distinguishes trends, predicts impacts on system operations, diagnoses deviations in systems’ performance and corrects malfunctions Improves or Designs Systems – suggests modifications to existing systems and develops new or alternative systems to improve performance 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

43 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
Technology Selects Technology – chooses procedures, tools, or equipment including computers and related technologies Applies Technology to Task – understands overall intent and proper procedure for setup and operation of equipment Maintains and Troubleshoots Equipment – prevents, identifies, or solves problems with equipment, including computers and other technologies 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

44 Practice Questions - Set 5
4. Making work schedules, taking X-rays, and updating computer systems are classified as types of: A basic skills. B foundation skills. C personal qualities. D workplace-specific skills. 5. Picking out clothes to wear, writing songs, and doing an experiment are examples of what foundation skills category? A Basic B Personality qualities C Social D Thinking 6. Playing with friends, being a club president, and doing chores are examples of what foundation skills category? B Personal qualities C Thinking D Writing 1. Preparing budgets and repairing cars are both examples of: A basic skills. B interpersonal skills. C systems skills. D workplace-specific skills. 2. Directing air planes, performing surgery, and designing bridges are all examples of: B foundation skills. C transferable skills. 3. Which is an example of using an interpersonal skill? A Playing an instrument B Researching problems C Serving as a class officer D Singing a solo

45 Transferable Skills Communication/Social/Listening
Includes speaking, writing, and interpersonal skills. Flexibility/Adaptability Demonstrates willingness to change course or adapt to new rules. Also, “open minded” Teamwork Becoming skilled at sharing responsibility and work with others. Add value to the groups efforts. 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

46 Transferable Skills Organizing and Planning Leadership Technology
Demonstrating the ability to organize people, assist, and guide them. Technology Problem Solving & Decision Making 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success

47 Practice Questions – Set 6 (1-10)
1. Defining, investigating, and researching are classified as types of: adaptability skills. interpersonal skills. problem-solving skills. writing skills. 2. Note Taking, scheduling parties, and sorting mail are classified as types of: communication skills. organizing and planning skills. resource skills. 3. Which is an example of using teamwork skills to make work more effective? Conducting an experiment Developing a project with a group of coworkers. ing information Researching 4. Being on time to meetings, being a team player, and being flexible on the job are examples of: basic skills. interpersonal skills. organizing skills. transferable skills. 5. Being a good listener, keeping an open mind, and resolving conflicts on the job are examples of: adaptability skills. 6. Which is an example of using listening skills to make work more effective? Organizing paperwork Reading charts Taking telephone messages Writing company letters

48 Which is an example of using problem-solving skills to make work more effective?
A Editing a document B Creating work plans C Talking with a co-worker about a disagreement D Trading offices Joining a club, helping with a fundraiser, & sharing club duties are all examples of: A adaptability skills. B basic skills. C math skills. D teamwork skills. Counting change, doing homework, & debating are all examples of: A adaptability skills. B basic skills. C organizing skills. D people skills. Which is an example of using adaptability skills to make work more effective? A Agreeing to work later than scheduled B Complaining about a new work schedule C Organizing files D Typing reports

49 Resources Used to Seek Employment
Networking Printed Resources Internet 4.01 Understand where to seek employment.

50 Networking Resources Career Fairs - potential employers
Community Members – businesses, community programs, religious organizations Family and Friends – parents, siblings, neighbors School Resources - clubs, CTSOs, staff Click here to go back 4.01 Understand where to seek employment.

51 Printed Resources Newspapers – want ads Bulletin Boards – job postings
Help Wanted Signs – Advertisements in store windows Click here to go back 4.01 Understand where to seek employment.

52 Internet Resources Career Specific Company Specific General Job Search
Location Specific Click here to go back 4.01 Understand where to seek employment.

53 Employment Documents Job Application Resume Cover Letter
Thank you letter 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

54 Job Application Why is it important?
A Job Application is more than just a piece of paper. It provides employers with the first impression of a potential employee. An application that is sloppy or contains inaccurate information will always end up in the trash. 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

55 Job Application What is the purpose?
Provides personal data, education, and work history Demonstrates ability to read and follow simple directions Demonstrates ability to write neatly, spell, and provide clear and concise descriptions of work history and education To verify honesty 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

56 Employment Documents Job Application Resume Cover Letter
Thank you letter 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

57 Job Application Why is it important?
A Job Application is more than just a piece of paper. It provides employers with the first impression of a potential employee. An application that is sloppy or contains inaccurate information will always end up in the trash. 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

58 Job Application What is the purpose?
Provides personal data, education, and work history Demonstrates ability to read and follow simple directions Demonstrates ability to write neatly, spell, and provide clear and concise descriptions of work history and education To verify honesty 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

59 The Interview What is the purpose?
Most important step in the employment process Applicant’s opportunity to Showcase self and qualifications Learn about opportunities for advancement Learn about the employer’s management style Learn about the expectations of the job Employer’s opportunity to: Assess the applicant’s personality, motivation, knowledge, and work ethic Determine if the applicant is a “right fit” for the company 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

60 Types of Interviews Formal – Face-to-face (F2F) meeting of applicant and employer Group - Sometimes called a panel or “tag team” interview Conducted by an employer and one or more staff members Applicant is asked questions by all team members Measures how applicant interacts with different people Tests how applicant handles stress Informational - Initiated by the jobseeker Get advice/information from employer people in career field Network for job leads and referrals Make first impression with employer Telephone – Often used to screen applicants and determine which applicants warrant a F2F interview 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

61 Before the interview… Research the company and industry
Plan and practice: an introduction of yourself what to say about your skills, knowledge, abilities, experience and goals a list of questions to ask Select appropriate attire Prepare a résumé (if needed) Make a list of references (with permission) Plan to go alone Print directions (if needed) 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

62 During the interview… Arrive on time – not too early or late
Exhibit confidence and positive attitude Speak clearly Give firm handshake Display appropriate body language eye contact hand gestures active listening Sell yourself and qualifications Be truthful Answer and ask questions Thank the interviewer for the interview 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

63 After the interview Follow up with a thank you letter Guidelines
Shows employer that you are interested in the job Opportunity to clarify something you said or forgot to say during the interview Guidelines Keep it short and error free Thank interviewer for taking time to talk with you Restate your interest in the job and why you’d be an asset to the company Use personal business letter format Send no later than two days after the interview Be persistent, but not a pest 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

64 Résumé – What is the purpose?
Summarizes applicant’s qualifications Provides personal data, education, work history, and reference information Stimulates interest of employer Determines if applicant is worth interviewing 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

65 Résumé Guidelines for Keying
Limit it to one page, if possible Showcase skills and qualifications, but be honest Use reverse chronological order for education and work experience Use “action verbs” such as created, designed Use present tense in describing a current job and past tense for others Get permission to use names as references Key and proofread carefully 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

66 Résumé Components Personal Data – Name, address, phone number, e-mail
Objective – Position applied for Education – Schools attended or currently attending, specialized subjects or programs, graduation dates (or expected graduation date) Work experience/volunteer work – Employment history, volunteer positions, apprenticeships Skills and abilities – Job-related skills and abilities Honors and Activities – Honors, awards, activities that indicate leadership and teamwork ability or relate to position References – May include statement indicating that references are available upon request 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

67 Cover Letter What is the purpose?
To introduce the applicant to the potential employer To explain reason for applying To describe qualifications To request an interview To complement the résumé 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

68 Cover Letter Guidelines for Keying
Must be keyed in 11 or 12 pt font Must be error-free Address to a specific person, avoid Dear Sir Content should be clear and concise Letter should be brief Use personal business letter format Use high quality paper 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

69 Cover Letter Components
Paragraph 1 – What position you are applying for and how you found out about the job Paragraph 2 – Why you should be hired. Information about your qualifications and experience. Paragraph 3 – Request an interview and provide contact information 4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.

70 Practice Questions – Set 7
1. Pat wants to work at a store. The employer needs to know what job Pam is interested in, the date that she can start, and the names of her references. Which employment document should she complete? 5. Which is an example of what to do when completing a job application? A Alter information B Complete it with a pencil A Cover letter C Take your time completing it B Job application D Use abbreviations only C Reference letter D Résumé 6. Which is an example of what to do if a mistake is made when completing a job application? 2. Which is an example of information that Mya should list in the “References” section of a job application? A Complete another application B Draw a line through a mistake C Ignore the mistake A Counselor D Write over the mistake B Ms. Angie C Robert White 7. Which is an example of why an employer requires applicants to complete job applications? D Swim coach A Get employee’s birth date 3. Which is an example of information that Tara B Know what an employee likes should list in the “Employment Desired” section C Know employee’s business D See how well an employee reads. of a job application? A Bombay High School B City grocery store C Member of science club D Web page designer 4. Which is an example of what to do when completing a job application? A Check it for errors B Copy it on colored paper C Decorate it neatly D Post it on the employer’s door


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