2 Examples of Interests Hobbies Activities Subjects 1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.
3 Interest Categories Group your interests accordingly. Categories PeopleDataThingsIdeasPeopleDataThingsIdeas1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.
4 Practice Questions - Set 1 1. Watching television, drawing, and reading are all examples of:A attitudes.B data.C hobbies.D things.2. Cheerleading, debating, and studying are all examples of:A activities.B hobbies.C information.D subjects.3. Hiking, hobbies, and hunting are all examples of:A data.B interests.C things.D values.4. Negativity, sadness, and jealousy are all examples of what?A AttitudesB IdeasC InterestsD Values1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.
5 How is attitude classified? PositiveNegativeHow do positive and negative attitudes affect your outlook on life?How can attitude affect the work place?1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.
6 Types of ValuesRelationships – being close to friends and family Responsibility – being dependable and trustworthy Achievement – wanting to succeed in whatever you do Compassion - caring for others Recognition – wanting to be respected and appreciated. Courage – overcoming fear to face problems1.01 Understand interests, attitudes, and values.
7 You’ve got personality! Personality can be categorized by your:Actions – Helpful, playful, charming…Feelings – Happy, sad, glad…Habits – talk fast when nervous, twirl hair when thinking..Thoughts – wishful, positive, negative…..What are some other examples?Personality is the traits that make a person unique.1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
9 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles. Verbal/LinguisticDefinitionVerbal/Linguistic – related to words and languageCharacteristicsLikes to read booksListens to and gives oral presentationsCommunicates through written and oral messagesLikes discussions and debatesLikes to explain thingsHow does this person learn best?Saying, hearing, and seeing words1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
10 Logical/Mathematical DefinitionLogical/Mathematical – reasoned, precise, accurateCharacteristicsLikes to conduct experimentsLikes to work with numbersLikes to explore patterns and relationshipsGood at math, problem solving, and reasoningHow does this person learn best?Categorizing, classifying, and working with patterns and relationships1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
11 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles. Bodily/KinestheticDefinitionPhysical activity and movement and awareness through sensory perception – hearing, seeing, smelling, feelingCharacteristicsLikes to move around, touch, talk, and use body languageGood at sports, dancing, gymnastics, and craftsHow does this person learn best?By touching, moving, interacting with space and processing knowledge through bodily sensations1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
12 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles. Visual/SpatialDefinitionMental images, seeing, sightCharacteristicsLikes to draw, build, design, and createDaydreamer and imaginativeWatches movies and plays computer gamesGood at sensing changesGood at puzzles and mazes and reading charts and graphsHow does this person learn best?By visualizing, dreaming, and using colors and pictures1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
13 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles. Musical/RhythmicDefinitionSound arranged in patterns, tone, and pitch through music, poetry, color, painting, and photographyCharacteristicsLikes to sing, hum tunes, listen to music, play an instrumentGood at picking up sounds, remembering melodies, noticing pitch, rhythm, and patternsGood at keeping timeHow does this person learn best?Through rhythm, melody, and music1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
14 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles. InterpersonalDefinitionRelated to relationships with other peopleCharacteristicsHas lots of friends, likes to talk and join groupsGood at understanding peopleGood at communicatingGood at mediation (resolving conflict)How does this person learn best?Sharing with others, collaborative groups, and teaching others1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
15 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles. IntrapersonalDefinitionWithin selfCharacteristicsLikes to work aloneReflective and self-awareInstinctualOriginalHow does this person learn best?Working alone, individualized projects, and self-paced instruction1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
16 1.02 Understand personality and learning styles. NaturalisticDefinitionRelated to nature and the environmentCharacteristicsLikes to work outsideEnjoys geography, weather, learning about the environmentGood at categorizing, organizing, planning,Interested in preservation and conservationLikes to work with animalsHow does this person learn best?By studying nature’s patterns, such as erosion and climate, learning how things work, and cause and effect relationships1.02 Understand personality and learning styles.
17 Transferable Skills Social and Communication Listening Problem-Solving TechnologyDecision MakingOrganizing and PlanningTeamworkAdaptability
18 Physical Mental Social Personal SkillsPhysicalMentalSocial
19 Career CategoriesCareers are divided into four broad categories to make searching for jobs and job descriptions easier.Working with People – involves working to benefit people or society. Careers include: teaching, doctor, coaching, law enforcement, social worker, etc.Working with Data – involves working with information and numbers. Careers include: accounting, researching, computer programming, etc.2.01 Understand how interests and values influence career choices.
20 Career Categories (continued) Working with Things – involves working with equipment, machines, and tools. Careers include: building, cooking, landscaping, operating machines, etc.Working with Ideas – involves working with concepts and ideas. Careers include acting, designing, organizing, writing, etc.2.01 Understand how interests and values influence career choices.
21 What values are most important? CreativityBeing able to produce or do something originalRecognitionBeing respected or known for what you doIndependenceBeing able to work on your own and at your own speedJob SecurityHaving regular steady workVarietyBeing able to do different things2.01 Understand how interests and values influence career choices.
22 Dr. Holland’s Code to Personality Types Realistic –The DoersInvestigative – The ThinkersArtistic – The CreatorsSocial – The HelpersEnterpriser – The PersuadersConventional – The Organizers
23 WORK CATEGORIES JOB – WORK DONE TO EARN MONEY OCCUPATION – SET OF RELATED JOB SKILLS AND EXPERIENCESCAREER – A SERIES OF JOBS HELD OVER A PERIOD OF TIME IN THE SAME OR RELATED FIELD OF INTERESTVOLUNTEER - WORK DONE FOR FUN
24 REASONS WHY PEOPLE WORK Money (Income)IdentityLifestyleSatisfactionContribution to society
25 REASONS FOR CHANGE IN THE WORKING WORLD Global EconomyTechnologySocietyWorkplace Trends – more women working than ever before
26 Work Place Trends Vocabulary TeamWorkforce DiversityJob SharingOutsourcingTelecommutingFlextime
27 Practice Questions Set 2 4. Ann works for a large company. Her office is inher home. What world of work change has contributed to this?A Global economyB TechnologyC SocietyD Workplace trends5. Which is an example of how technology has changed the world of work?A Availability of onsite childcare facilitiesB Keeping appointments on a BlackberryC More casual dressingD Using a paper calendar6. Which is an example of how the global economy has changed the world of work?A Minimum work age is youngerB Most people work at homeC No more weekend workD Required some jobs to be moved overseas7. Which is an example of how the global economy has changed the world of work?A Increase in the number of work daysB Many people work from homeC People do not have to travel for workD Telephone assistance from India1. Which is an example of how society haschanged the world of work?A Decreased number of grandparents in the workplaceB Decreased number of men in the workplaceC Increased number of adolescents in the workplaceD Increased number of woman in the workplace2. A female engineer noticed that more womenengineers are in her department than men. Whatworld of work change has contributed to thisincrease?A Global economyB TechnologyC SocietyD Workplace trends3. An employee worked in the same plant for tenyears. In six months, his/her department willmove overseas. What world of work change hascontributed to this move?
28 Practice Questions – Set 3 1. Which is an example of a workplace trend? A Being a lifelong learner B Being concerned C Being optimistic D Being the best employee 2. Tom worked as a newspaper deliverer, taxi driver, and waiter. These are examples of which type of work? A Job B Occupation C Career D Volunteer 3. In six years, Jane worked as a teacher, counselor, and principal. These are examples of which type of work?4. Kim has been an X-Ray technician, nurse, and surgeon. These are examples of which type of work?A JobB OccupationC CareerD Volunteer5. Tom donates his time on weekends, feeding the homeless and reading to the elderly. These are examples of which type of work?
29 TRADITIONAL / NON-TRADITIONAL CAREERS Traditional Careers are those careers you would identify as typically “male” or typically “female”.Non-traditional Careers arethose that are not thought ofas “traditional” male or female.
30 Practice Questions – Set 4 1. Which are examples of types of work grouped by similar careers?A Dentist and surgeonB Receptionist and engineerC Baker and barberD Musician and researcher2. Which are examples of types of work grouped by similar careers?A Engineer and eye doctorB Cashier and clerkC Driver and drafterD Scientist and school teacher3. Which are examples of types of work grouped by common interests?A Firefighter and farmerB Architect and accountantC Hairstylist and barberD Receptionist and mechanic4. Which are examples of types of work grouped by career field?A Coach and umpireB Cook and hairstylistC Funeral director and mathematicianD Electrician and editor
31 CAREER CLUSTERSA CAREER CLUSTER IS A GROUP OF JOBS AND INDUSTRIES THAT ARE SIMILAR.
32 CAREER CLUSTERS 16 National Career Clusters Agriculture, Food, and Natural ResourceArchitecture and ConstructionArts, Audio/Video Technology, & CommunicationsBusiness, Management, and AdministrationEducation and Training
33 CLUSTERS (CONT’D) Finance Government and Public Administration Health ScienceHospitality and TourismHuman ServicesInformation Technology
34 CLUSTERS (CONT’D) Law, Public Safety, and Security Manufacturing Marketing, Sales, and ServiceScience, Technology, Engineering, and MathematicsTransportation, Distribution, and Logistics
35 Foundation Skills – Basic Reading – locates, understands, and interprets written information in prose and in documents such as manuals, graphs, and schedulesWriting – communicates thoughts, ideas, information, and messages in writing, and creates documents such as letters, directions, manuals, reports, graphs, and flow chartsArithmetic/Mathematics – performs basic computations and approaches practical problems by choosing appropriately from a variety of mathematical techniquesListening – receives, attends to, interprets, and responds to verbal messages and other cuesSpeaking – organizes ideas and communicates orally3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
36 Thinking Skills Creativity – generates new ideas Decision Making – specifies goals and constraints, generates alternatives, considers risks, and evaluates and chooses best alternativeProblem Solving – recognizes problems and devises and implements plan of actionSeeing Things in the Mind’s Eye – organizes, and processes symbols, pictures, graphs, objects, and other informationKnowing how to learn – uses efficient learning techniques to acquire and apply new knowledge and skillsReasoning – discovers a rule or principle underlying the relationship between two or more objects and applies it when solving a problem3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
37 Personal QualitiesResponsibility – exerts a high level of effort and perseveres towards goal attainmentSelf-Esteem – believes in own self-worth and maintains a positive view of selfSociability – demonstrates understanding, friendliness, adaptability, empathy, and politeness in group settingsSelf-Management – assesses self accurately, sets personal goals, monitors progress, and exhibits self-controlIntegrity/Honesty – chooses ethical courses of action3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
39 ResourcesTime – selects goal-relevant activities, ranks them, allocates time, and prepares and follows schedulesMoney – uses or prepares budgets, makes forecasts, keeps records, and makes adjustments to meet objectivesMaterial and Facilities – acquires, stores, allocates, and uses materials or space efficientlyHuman Resources – assesses skills and distributes work accordingly, evaluates performance and provides feedback3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
40 InterpersonalParticipates as a Member of a Team – contributes to group effortTeaches Others New SkillsServes Clients/Customers – works to satisfy customers’ expectationsExercises Leadership – communicates ideas to justify position, persuades and convinces others, responsibly challenges existing procedures and policiesNegotiates – works toward agreements involving exchange of resources, resolves divergent interestsWorks with Diversity – works well with men and women from diverse backgrounds3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
41 InformationAcquires and Evaluates Information – identifies need for data, obtains it from existing sources or creates it, and evaluates its relevance and accuracyOrganizes and Maintains Information – organizes, processes, and maintains written or computerized records and other forms of information in a systematic fashionInterprets and Communicates Information – selects and analyzes information and communicates the results to others using oral, written, graphic, pictorial, or multimedia methodsUses Computers to Process Information – employs computers to acquire, organize, analyze, and communicate information3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
42 SystemsUnderstands Systems – knows how social, organizational, and technological systems work and operates effectively with themMonitors and Corrects Performance – distinguishes trends, predicts impacts on system operations, diagnoses deviations in systems’ performance and corrects malfunctionsImproves or Designs Systems – suggests modifications to existing systems and develops new or alternative systems to improve performance3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
43 3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success TechnologySelects Technology – chooses procedures, tools, or equipment including computers and related technologiesApplies Technology to Task – understands overall intent and proper procedure for setup and operation of equipmentMaintains and Troubleshoots Equipment – prevents, identifies, or solves problems with equipment, including computers and other technologies3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
44 Practice Questions - Set 5 4. Making work schedules, taking X-rays, andupdating computer systems are classified astypes of:A basic skills.B foundation skills.C personal qualities.D workplace-specific skills.5. Picking out clothes to wear, writing songs, and doing an experiment are examples of whatfoundation skills category?A BasicB Personality qualitiesC SocialD Thinking6. Playing with friends, being a club president, and doing chores are examples of what foundation skills category?B Personal qualitiesC ThinkingD Writing1. Preparing budgets and repairing cars are both examples of:A basic skills.B interpersonal skills.C systems skills.D workplace-specific skills.2. Directing air planes, performing surgery, and designing bridges are all examples of:B foundation skills.C transferable skills.3. Which is an example of using an interpersonal skill?A Playing an instrumentB Researching problemsC Serving as a class officerD Singing a solo
45 Transferable Skills Communication/Social/Listening Includes speaking, writing, and interpersonal skills.Flexibility/AdaptabilityDemonstrates willingness to change course or adapt to new rules. Also, “open minded”TeamworkBecoming skilled at sharing responsibility and work with others. Add value to the groups efforts.3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
46 Transferable Skills Organizing and Planning Leadership Technology Demonstrating the ability to organize people, assist, and guide them.TechnologyProblem Solving & Decision Making3.02 Understand skills needed for employment success
47 Practice Questions – Set 6 (1-10) 1. Defining, investigating, and researching are classified as types of:adaptability skills.interpersonal skills.problem-solving skills.writing skills.2. Note Taking, scheduling parties, and sorting mail are classified as types of:communication skills.organizing and planning skills.resource skills.3. Which is an example of using teamwork skills to make work more effective?Conducting an experimentDeveloping a project with a group of coworkers.ing informationResearching4. Being on time to meetings, being a team player, and being flexible on the job are examples of:basic skills.interpersonal skills.organizing skills.transferable skills.5. Being a good listener, keeping an open mind, and resolving conflicts on the job are examples of:adaptability skills.6. Which is an example of using listening skills to make work more effective?Organizing paperworkReading chartsTaking telephone messagesWriting company letters
48 Which is an example of using problem-solving skills to make work more effective? A Editing a documentB Creating work plansC Talking with a co-worker about a disagreementD Trading officesJoining a club, helping with a fundraiser, & sharing club duties are all examples of:A adaptability skills.B basic skills.C math skills.D teamwork skills.Counting change, doing homework, & debating are all examples of:A adaptability skills.B basic skills.C organizing skills.D people skills.Which is an example of using adaptability skills to make work more effective?A Agreeing to work later than scheduledB Complaining about a new work scheduleC Organizing filesD Typing reports
49 Resources Used to Seek Employment NetworkingPrinted ResourcesInternet4.01 Understand where to seek employment.
50 Networking Resources Career Fairs - potential employers Community Members – businesses, community programs, religious organizationsFamily and Friends – parents, siblings, neighborsSchool Resources - clubs, CTSOs, staffClick here to go back4.01 Understand where to seek employment.
51 Printed Resources Newspapers – want ads Bulletin Boards – job postings Help Wanted Signs – Advertisements in store windowsClick here to go back4.01 Understand where to seek employment.
52 Internet Resources Career Specific Company Specific General Job Search Location SpecificClick here to go back4.01 Understand where to seek employment.
53 Employment Documents Job Application Resume Cover Letter Thank you letter4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
54 Job Application Why is it important? A Job Application is more than just a piece of paper. It provides employers with the first impression of a potential employee. An application that is sloppy or contains inaccurate information will always end up in the trash.4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
55 Job Application What is the purpose? Provides personal data, education, and work historyDemonstrates ability to read and follow simple directionsDemonstrates ability to write neatly, spell, and provide clear and concise descriptions of work history and educationTo verify honesty4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
56 Employment Documents Job Application Resume Cover Letter Thank you letter4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
57 Job Application Why is it important? A Job Application is more than just a piece of paper. It provides employers with the first impression of a potential employee. An application that is sloppy or contains inaccurate information will always end up in the trash.4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
58 Job Application What is the purpose? Provides personal data, education, and work historyDemonstrates ability to read and follow simple directionsDemonstrates ability to write neatly, spell, and provide clear and concise descriptions of work history and educationTo verify honesty4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
59 The Interview What is the purpose? Most important step in the employment processApplicant’s opportunity toShowcase self and qualificationsLearn about opportunities for advancementLearn about the employer’s management styleLearn about the expectations of the jobEmployer’s opportunity to:Assess the applicant’s personality, motivation, knowledge, and work ethicDetermine if the applicant is a “right fit” for the company4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
60 Types of InterviewsFormal – Face-to-face (F2F) meeting of applicant and employerGroup - Sometimes called a panel or “tag team” interviewConducted by an employer and one or more staff membersApplicant is asked questions by all team membersMeasures how applicant interacts with different peopleTests how applicant handles stressInformational - Initiated by the jobseekerGet advice/information from employer people in career fieldNetwork for job leads and referralsMake first impression with employerTelephone – Often used to screen applicants and determine which applicants warrant a F2F interview4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
61 Before the interview… Research the company and industry Plan and practice:an introduction of yourselfwhat to say about your skills, knowledge, abilities, experience and goalsa list of questions to askSelect appropriate attirePrepare a résumé (if needed)Make a list of references (with permission)Plan to go alonePrint directions (if needed)4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
62 During the interview… Arrive on time – not too early or late Exhibit confidence and positive attitudeSpeak clearlyGive firm handshakeDisplay appropriate body languageeye contacthand gesturesactive listeningSell yourself and qualificationsBe truthfulAnswer and ask questionsThank the interviewer for the interview4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
63 After the interview Follow up with a thank you letter Guidelines Shows employer that you are interested in the jobOpportunity to clarify something you said or forgot to say during the interviewGuidelinesKeep it short and error freeThank interviewer for taking time to talk with youRestate your interest in the job and why you’d be an asset to the companyUse personal business letter formatSend no later than two days after the interviewBe persistent, but not a pest4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
64 Résumé – What is the purpose? Summarizes applicant’s qualificationsProvides personal data, education, work history, and reference informationStimulates interest of employerDetermines if applicant is worth interviewing4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
65 Résumé Guidelines for Keying Limit it to one page, if possibleShowcase skills and qualifications, but be honestUse reverse chronological order for education and work experienceUse “action verbs” such as created, designedUse present tense in describing a current job and past tense for othersGet permission to use names as referencesKey and proofread carefully4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
66 Résumé Components Personal Data – Name, address, phone number, e-mail Objective – Position applied forEducation – Schools attended or currently attending, specialized subjects or programs, graduation dates (or expected graduation date)Work experience/volunteer work – Employment history, volunteer positions, apprenticeshipsSkills and abilities – Job-related skills and abilitiesHonors and Activities – Honors, awards, activities that indicate leadership and teamwork ability or relate to positionReferences – May include statement indicating that references are available upon request4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
67 Cover Letter What is the purpose? To introduce the applicant to the potential employerTo explain reason for applyingTo describe qualificationsTo request an interviewTo complement the résumé4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
68 Cover Letter Guidelines for Keying Must be keyed in 11 or 12 pt fontMust be error-freeAddress to a specific person, avoid Dear SirContent should be clear and conciseLetter should be briefUse personal business letter formatUse high quality paper4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
69 Cover Letter Components Paragraph 1 – What position you are applying for and how you found out about the jobParagraph 2 – Why you should be hired. Information about your qualifications and experience.Paragraph 3 – Request an interview and provide contact information4.02 Understand how to apply, interview, and make a career plan for the future.
70 Practice Questions – Set 7 1. Pat wants to work at a store. The employer needs to know what job Pam is interested in, the date that she can start, and the names of her references. Which employment document should she complete?5. Which is an example of what to do when completing a job application?A Alter informationB Complete it with a pencilA Cover letterC Take your time completing itB Job applicationD Use abbreviations onlyC Reference letterD Résumé6. Which is an example of what to do if a mistakeis made when completing a job application?2. Which is an example of information that Mya should list in the “References” section of a job application?A Complete another applicationB Draw a line through a mistakeC Ignore the mistakeA CounselorD Write over the mistakeB Ms. AngieC Robert White7. Which is an example of why an employer requires applicants to complete job applications?D Swim coachA Get employee’s birth date3. Which is an example of information that TaraB Know what an employee likesshould list in the “Employment Desired” sectionC Know employee’s businessD See how well an employee reads.of a job application?A Bombay High SchoolB City grocery storeC Member of science clubD Web page designer4. Which is an example of what to do when completing a job application?A Check it for errorsB Copy it on colored paperC Decorate it neatlyD Post it on the employer’s door