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Agenda – Tuesday, February 4th

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1 Agenda – Tuesday, February 4th
Biology reading quiz (#4) Notes over parts of the brain The cerebrum The cerebral cortex Homework: NONE

2 Practice FRQ 4. Assume you are watching a remake of the movie Frankenstein. In the scene you're viewing, the assistant (Igor) is showing Dr. Frankenstein some body parts that he forgot to put in their newly made Sensational Man. Dr. Frankenstein angrily yells at Igor, "You idiot! What will our Sensational Man do without his_______": a.) cones b.) feature detectors c.) optic nerve d.) cochlea e.) olfactory bulb f.) kinesthetic receptors

3 The Cerebrum Outermost structure of the brain
Divided into two hemispheres Each hemisphere has four lobes Makes up 85% of the brain’s weight

4 The Cerebrum -- Lobes Frontal ____________________________
Parietal ____________________________ Temporal ___________________________ Occipital ____________________________

5 Cerebral Cortex The gray-matter covering of the cerebrum
Carries on thinking and perceiving

6 Cerebral Cortex Gray matter: No special covering
Controls processing, new thoughts, perception, etc. White matter: Covered in myelin sheath, which speeds up electric signals Communicates with the rest of the brain

7 Motor Cortex Controls body movements
Motor cortex in each hemisphere controls the opposite side of the body

8 Hemispheres Left Hemisphere:
Literal interpretation of speech and language Logical reasoning Motor control for right side Processes right side visual field Objective analysis Math skills

9 Hemispheres Right Hemisphere: Looks “between the lines” Intuition
“Reading” emotions Visual & spatial reasoning Motor control for left side Processes left side of visual field Subjective analysis creativity



12 Agenda – Thursday, February 6th
Finish cerebrum notes Corpus Calossum Neuroplasticity Parts of the brain overview Driving analogy Homework: Brain overview analogy due MONDAY

13 Hemispheres Connected by the corpus callosum

14 Neuroplasticity Brain’s ability to change and reorganize itself in response to damage (brain “rewires” itself) Neurogenesis: Brain’s recreation of neurons

15 “Just a shell…driven by mindless instinct”
Hindbrain Contains most of the brainstem Oldest part of the brain  “Reptilian Brain” Processes work outside of consciousness “Just a shell…driven by mindless instinct”

16 Parts of the Hindbrain Medulla: _________________________
Pons: ____________________________ Cerebellum: _______________________

17 Midbrain Located right above hindbrain
Coordinates simple movements with sensory information

18 Parts of the Midbrain Reticular Formation: ____________________

19 Forebrain Responsible for most complex behaviors & mental processes
MOST processes here work outside of consciousness

20 Parts of the Forebrain Thalamus: ___________________________
Hypothalamus: _____________________ Hippocampus: ______________________ Amygdala: _________________________ Cerebral Cortex: _______________________ Limbic System

21 Hindbrain Contains most of the Brainstem
Oldest Part of the Brain “Reptilian Brain” Processes work outside of consciousness Parts of the Brainstem: Medulla: Controls Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, & Breathing Pons: Critical to sleep . Also the “Bridge” to the brain. Behind the Brainstem Cerebellum: “Little Brain” that coordinates habitual muscle movements (Tracking Object w/ eyes, Playing instrument, Ice Skating) Also Handles Balance & Coordination Prepare body for possible danger!

22 Forebrain Responsible for more complex behaviors & mental processes
Thalamus: relay center for sensory information except smell Limbic System (Deals w/ Emotion & Memory) Hypothalamus: Controls body temp., sexual arousal, hunger, thirst, & Endocrine System. Also controls Biological Rhythms & is a reward center. Amygdala: Provides emotional context for sensory information. (Linked to aggression & fear) Hippocampus: Encodes information into long-term memory.

23 Midbrain Located right above Hindbrain
Coordinates simple movements w/ sensory information Top of the Brainstem Reticular Formation: Controls level of awareness. (Without it, we fall into a coma)

24 Walking Dead (S.1, E.6) – 19:00 – 23:30

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