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The Well- Being of Children in North Dakota Highlights from the North Dakota KIDS COUNT 2012 Fact Book 1North Dakota KIDS COUNT.

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Presentation on theme: "The Well- Being of Children in North Dakota Highlights from the North Dakota KIDS COUNT 2012 Fact Book 1North Dakota KIDS COUNT."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Well- Being of Children in North Dakota Highlights from the North Dakota KIDS COUNT 2012 Fact Book 1North Dakota KIDS COUNT

2 Funded by the Annie E. Casey Foundation Partner with North Dakota State University Mission: o To provide accurate, current data on child well-being in order to inform local and state discussions about how to secure better futures for all of North Dakota’s children. Website o Electronic newsletter o Contact Facebook o North Dakota KIDS COUNT2

3 Seven Components of Child Well-Being 1.Demographics 2.Family and Community 3.Economic Well-Being 4.Education 5.Early Care 6.Health 7.Safety and Risky Behaviors North Dakota KIDS COUNT3

4 1. Demographic Indicators Number of children Total births Age of children Teen births Race and ethnicity North Dakota KIDS COUNT4

5 Number of Children North Dakota’s child population captured 27% of the states total population during the first half of the 1990s. This percent gradually decreased to 22% in 2006, where it has remained through 2010. North Dakota KIDS COUNT5

6 Children * as a Percent of North Dakota’s Population, 1990-2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT6 *Ages 0-17

7 Total Births The stabilization of the child population is largely the result of an increase in total births beginning in 2002. North Dakota KIDS COUNT7

8 Number of Births in North Dakota, 1990-2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT8

9 Age of Children The number of young children (ages 0-5) increased over the past decade while older children (ages 6-17) decreased. However, the number of older children increased 4% since 2009. North Dakota KIDS COUNT9

10 Number of North Dakota Children by Age, 2000 and 2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT10

11 Teen Births The percent of births to North Dakota teens has shown a modest decline over the past two decades. North Dakota KIDS COUNT11

12 Births to Teens* as a Percent of all Births in North Dakota, 1995-2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT12 *Ages 15-19

13 Race and Ethnicity American Indians are North Dakota’s largest race/ethnic minority group of children. North Dakota KIDS COUNT13

14 Percent of all North Dakota Children by Race/Ethnicity* in 2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT14 Percent of children 0-18

15 2. Family and Community Indicators Living arrangements Working mothers Unmarried mothers North Dakota KIDS COUNT15

16 Living Arrangements While most North Dakota children live with two parents, the proportion of children who live in single-parent families continues to increase. North Dakota KIDS COUNT16

17 Percent of all North Dakota Children* Living in Single-Parent Families, 1980-2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT17 *Ages 0-17

18 Working Mothers Most North Dakota mothers work. In 2010, North Dakota’s proportion of mothers in the labor force was the second highest among all states in the nation, behind South Dakota. North Dakota KIDS COUNT18

19 Percent of Mothers with Children* who are in the Labor Force North Dakota and United States, 1980-2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT19 *Ages 0-17

20 Unmarried Mothers Births to unmarried women have risen consistently during the past two decades. One in five births to unmarried women was to a teen mother in 2010. North Dakota KIDS COUNT20

21 North Dakota Births to Unmarried Women, 1995-2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT21

22 3. Economic Well-Being Indicators Poverty Public assistance North Dakota KIDS COUNT22

23 Poverty Although the state of North Dakota experienced prosperity in the past decade, the child poverty rate remained unchanged. o Poverty level in 2010 = $22,314 for a family of four Living near poverty = when family income is between the poverty level and 149% of the poverty level Living in extreme poverty = when family income is less than 50% of the poverty level Nearly one in four North Dakota children live at or near the poverty level. North Dakota KIDS COUNT23

24 Percent of North Dakota Children* by Level of Poverty Experience, 1990-2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT24 *Ages 0-17

25 Public Assistance Common types of public assistance o SNAP - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly food stamps) o TANF - Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (formerly ADFC) o Free and Reduced Price Lunch 14% of North Dakota children live in poverty. 4% of North Dakota children live in families that receive TANF cash assistance. SNAP benefits are received by one in four children statewide. One in three North Dakota children receive a free or reduced price lunch. North Dakota KIDS COUNT25

26 North Dakota Students Receiving Free and Reduced Price Lunch, 1994-2011 North Dakota KIDS COUNT26

27 Percent of North Dakota Children Receiving TANF* and SNAP, 2001-2011 North Dakota KIDS COUNT27 *TANF = ages 0-19; SNAP = ages 0-18

28 4. Education Indicators Enrollment in public schools Test scores High school dropouts Special education North Dakota KIDS COUNT28

29 Enrollment in Public Schools After several years of continued decreases in public school enrollments, North Dakota’s average daily membership began to increase in 2009-10. North Dakota KIDS COUNT29

30 Average Daily Membership in North Dakota Public Schools, 1998-2011 North Dakota KIDS COUNT30

31 Test Scores In 2011, average ACT scores for North Dakota high school graduates dropped to 20.7, down from 21.5 in 2010. Important note: a legislative mandate now requires North Dakota students to take the ACT. The 2011 graduates are the first class affected by the mandate. According to ACT benchmarks for what it takes to be successful in first-year college classes, only 21% of North Dakota’s 2011 graduates were ready for English, math, reading, and science classes. North Dakota KIDS COUNT31

32 Percent of ACT-Tested High School Graduates Meeting ACT College Benchmarks by Course, 2011 North Dakota KIDS COUNT32

33 High School Dropouts In 2010-11, 670 North Dakota public school students were enrolled in grades 9 through 12 and then dropped out during the year. This is down from 701 in 2009-10. Dropouts accounted for 2.1% of total high school enrollment in the 2010-11 academic year. North Dakota KIDS COUNT33

34 North Dakota Counties with Highest Average Dropout Rates, 2010-11 North Dakota KIDS COUNT34

35 Special Education In 2011, children enrolled in special education comprised 13.5% of total North Dakota public school enrollment. North Dakota KIDS COUNT35

36 Percent of North Dakota Children Enrolled in Special Education by Type of Impairment, 2011 North Dakota KIDS COUNT36

37 5. Early Care Indicators Licensed child care Child care costs North Dakota KIDS COUNT37

38 Licensed Child Care Child care types: o Legally recognized Licensed Standard Compliance Certification (SCC) and In-Home providers Registered tribal providers Approved relatives o Informal networks of friends, relatives, neighbors In February 2012, licensed child care providers had the capacity to care for 31% of children ages 0 to 13. North Dakota KIDS COUNT38

39 North Dakota Counties with the Lowest Licensed Child Care Capacities, 2012 North Dakota KIDS COUNT39

40 Child Care Costs Average costs for licensed child care in North Dakota counties: o Infant care ranges from $86 to $158 per week in family/group settings (in counties where available) North Dakota KIDS COUNT40

41 Counties with the Highest Average Yearly Cost of Infant Care in Family/Group Settings, 2012 North Dakota KIDS COUNT41 Source: Child Care Resource & Referral

42 6. Health Indicators Low birth-weight babies Hearing impairment Uninsured children North Dakota KIDS COUNT42

43 Low Birth-Weight Babies North Dakota consistently ranks among states with the lowest percentage of low birth-weight babies in the nation. North Dakota KIDS COUNT43

44 Low Birth-Weight Babies as a Percent of all Births, 2009 North Dakota KIDS COUNT44

45 Hearing Impairment In 2011, nearly every newborn in North Dakota was screened for hearing loss. Nine percent of North Dakota newborns did not pass this initial screening and were referred for further testing. North Dakota KIDS COUNT45

46 North Dakota Counties with the Highest Percent of Newborns who Did Not Pass Initial Hearing Screening, 2011 North Dakota KIDS COUNT46

47 Uninsured Children In 2009, 5.8% of all North Dakota children were not covered by health insurance. Low-income and poor children (in families with incomes below 200% of poverty) are the majority of uninsured children in North Dakota. North Dakota KIDS COUNT47

48 North Dakota Counties with the Highest Percent of Uninsured Low-Income and Poor Children, 2009 North Dakota KIDS COUNT48

49 7. Safety and Risky Behaviors Indicators Juvenile court referrals Child abuse and neglect Idle teens North Dakota KIDS COUNT49

50 Juvenile Court Referrals North Dakota juveniles referred to court as a proportion of all youth ages 10 to 17 has remained relatively unchanged over the past several years. North Dakota KIDS COUNT50

51 North Dakota Children* Referred to Juvenile Court, 2001-2011 North Dakota KIDS COUNT51 *Ages 10-17

52 Child Abuse and Neglect In 2011, 5% of all North Dakota children were suspected victims of child abuse or neglect. Following Child Protection Services assessments, 1,323 children were determined to be in high-risk situations that required immediate services. North Dakota KIDS COUNT52

53 Counties with Largest Proportion of Children* who are Suspected Victims of Child Abuse or Neglect, 2011 North Dakota KIDS COUNT53 *Ages 0-17. Children impacted by abuse or neglect living on American Indian reservations are not included in these data.

54 Idle Teens Idle teens are youth not in school, not high school graduates, and not in the labor force. Idle teens comprised 2% of all North Dakota youth ages 16 to 19 in 2010. North Dakota KIDS COUNT54

55 Percent of Youth* Who Are Idle Teens, 2010 North Dakota KIDS COUNT55 *Ages 16-19

56 Get involved in helping kids See our website: “How to Help” North Dakota KIDS COUNT56

57 North Dakota KIDS COUNT Feel free to copy or use these slides. We ask only two things: 1)Please cite North Dakota KIDS COUNT, and 2)Send a message to and let us know how and when you used these materials. Thanks! 57North Dakota KIDS COUNT

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