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© Copyright 2011 by the National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation (NRAEF) and published by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter.

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Presentation on theme: "© Copyright 2011 by the National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation (NRAEF) and published by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Copyright 2011 by the National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation (NRAEF) and published by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 7 Communication

2 The Process of Communication  Understanding how the communication process works is important for building strong relationships with employees and customers.  The communication process has five parts: sender, receiver, message content, message channel, and context.  The two kinds of messages are:  Historical information: This is information that has already happened.  Action-required information: Some action must be taken based on the information in the message. 2 Communication is the process of sending and receiving information by talk, gestures, or writing for some type of response or action. 7.1 Chapter 7 | Communication

3 Barriers to Communication  Barriers to communication include lack of time and other pressing needs.  Another common barrier to communication is fear of confrontation.  To prevent barriers in communication, make a plan: 1.Before sending a message, observe the audience. 2.Decide the best way to get the message out with a chance of success. 3.Make sure the message was successfully received. 3 Barriers to communication include anything that interferes or affects communication. 7.1 Chapter 7 | Communication

4 Section 7.1 Summary  Communication is the process of sending and receiving information by talk, gestures, or writing for some type of response or action.  Barriers to effective communication include language differences, semantics, jargon, tone of message, clarity, assumptions, cultural differences, prejudices and biases, noise, nonverbal communication, gestures, and other distractions such as lack of time and other pressing issues Chapter 7 | Communication

5 Personal Characteristics That Affect Communication Skills  Communicating is not just about writing or speaking. Personal characteristics, such as body language, eye contact, and credibility, have a major impact on communication between people.  Whenever communicating with supervisors, coworkers, classmates, or customers whose backgrounds are different, be aware of their reactions.  In a restaurant or foodservice operation, it is also important that guests find the staff to be credible during communication.  For servers, product knowledge is important to credibility.  When a guest complains about something, the credibility of the server or manager who handles the complaint is critical to good communication.  Chefs must have knowledge of processes and procedures to be credible Chapter 7 | Communication

6 Effective Listening  An effective listener actively participates in the communication process. To be an effective listener, follow these guidelines: 1.Prepare to listen. 2.Show that you’re paying attention. 3.Don’t interrupt and don’t finish the other person’s sentences in your mind or aloud. 4.Ask questions to clarify. 5.Listen between the lines. 6.Don’t overreact. 7.Record key ideas and phrases. 6 Listening is the ability to focus closely on what another person is saying to summarize the true meaning of a message. 7.2 Chapter 7 | Communication

7 Effective Speaking  When planning a message, deliver the key points in a brief and clear manner.  To ensure that the communication has covered all the vital information, answer the five “W’s” and “How” questions:  Who?  When?  What?  Why?  Where?  How?  Develop the communication further and think about how the audience will respond to the message. Consider ways to personalize or customize it for them Chapter 7 | Communication

8 Effective Telephone Skills  You must be both an effective listener and an effective speaker: 1.State the name of the organization, followed by the call receiver’s name, and the question, “How may I assist you?” 2.Listen for the reason the caller has phoned the organization. 3.Maintain a positive, polite, and courteous attitude when speaking with the caller. 4.If the caller has a large amount of information, take notes to be sure all the information is received. 5.Paraphrase or repeat what the caller has stated. 6.After listening to what the caller has to say, decide whether you can resolve the caller’s problem. 7.If you can resolve the caller’s concerns, explain to the caller any steps to be taken. 8.Close the conversation either by explaining to the caller that you’ll be transferring him or her or asking whether there is anything else you can do to assist him or her. 9.Write messages down on a pre-printed message form. 10.Always end the conversation on a positive note Chapter 7 | Communication

9 Effective Writing  Written business communication is another means for a manager to share information.  To write a successful message, the communicator needs a strong process that helps him or her to plan what to say and builds the message’s structure.  Written communication pointers:  Be brief.  Be clear and complete.  Review writing to be sure ideas are understandable and comprehensive.  Keep it simple.  Check your work.  Always write with an upbeat attitude.  Take a timeout.  Read out loud to check grammar and punctuation Chapter 7 | Communication

10 Section 7.2 Summary  An effective listener actively participates in the communication process.  When planning a message, deliver the key points in a brief and clear manner.  To ensure that the communication has covered all the vital information, answer the five “W’s” and “How” questions  Telephone skills are an important tool in the restaurant and foodservice industry.  A call receiver must be both an effective listener and an effective speaker.  Written communication must be clear, concise, and positive. Effective business writing answers the “W’s” and “How” questions Chapter 7 | Communication

11 Organizational Communication  Organizational communication can be sent to people inside the organization or outside the organization.  Two important types of organizational communication are the mission statements and vision statements of an operation:  A mission statement primarily serves an internal function. It describes the company’s purpose and key objectives to its team and owners.  A vision statement is directed both internally and externally. It defines the company’s purpose and values to employees and customers.  Other high priorities for organizational communication include industrial, environmental, and community-related issues. 11 Organizational communication is the numerous messages and information that convey operational procedures, policies, and announcements to a wide variety of audiences. 7.3 Chapter 7 | Communication

12 Interpersonal Communication  Interpersonal communication is a key to creating a positive and respectful work environment.  Interpersonal communication occurs in all types of relationships.  The goals of interpersonal communication are to achieve a specific outcome and to improve the relationships of the people involved. 12 Interpersonal communication is any two-way communication that has immediate feedback. 7.3 Chapter 7 | Communication

13 Interpersonal Communication  In interpersonal communication, one person shares information that helps the other person relate back. By sharing, the two become closer and strengthen their relationship.  Verbal messages have a significant impact on interpersonal communication, and, therefore, on the relationships a manager has with employees.  Empathy is the act of identifying with the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of another person.  Successful managers use all the available and appropriate ways to communicate with staff and coworkers.  Interpersonal communication allows managers to model an organization’s values to employees Chapter 7 | Communication

14 Section 7.3 Summary  Organizational communication is the numerous messages and information that convey operational procedures, policies, and announcements to a wide variety of audiences.  Interpersonal communication is any two-way communication that has immediate feedback.  Relationships can be built through interpersonal communication by being empathetic, respectful, and open to sharing information with others Chapter 7 | Communication


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