Presentation on theme: "Strategies of CBR Forum"— Presentation transcript:
1 Strategies of CBR Forum COMMUNITY BASED REHABILITATION FORUMPMW, 26 March 2012, Bangalore
2 Objectives of this session Gain a common understanding on the strategies of CBR ForumCBRDistrict Level Initiative (DLI)Mainstreaming (MS)Rights Based Approach (RBA)
3 WHAT IS CBR?CBR is a strategy within general community development for the rehabilitation, equalization of opportunities and social inclusion of all people with disabilities. (Joint Position Paper 2004 of ILO, UNESCO, WHO).CBR is implemented through the combined efforts of people with disabilities, their families, organizations and communities, and the relevant governmental and non-governmental health, education, vocational, social and other services.
4 Major Objectives of CBR To work at the level of individual people with disabilities and their families –To maximize their physical and mental abilities,To access regular services and opportunities, andTo become active contributors to the community and society.To work with families/ communities to lift the barriers (attitudinal, institutional, information, communication, physical) that prevent the participation of persons with disabilities as Equals
5 Principles of CBRThe principles of CBR are based on the principles of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) (Article 3)Dignity, freedom to make choices and independenceNon-discriminationFull and effective participation and inclusionRespect for differenceEquality of opportunityAccessibilityEquality between men and womenRespect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities
6 Link between CBR and Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) CBR has moved from a purely Service Delivery approach to a Human Rights approachCBR is a multi-sectoral, bottom-up strategyThe Convention provides the values and principles that govern our workWhereas, CBR is a practical strategy for implementation/ realization of the Rights in line with Article – 19 – Right to live in the communityCBR activities are designed to meet the basic needs of people with disabilities, reduce poverty, and enable access to health, education, livelihood and social opportunities
7 Background of CBRIn 2003, WHO, UN Agencies, CBR Practitioners and various stakeholders, reviewed 25 years of CBR. They highlighted the need for CBR programmes to focus on:reducing povertypromoting community involvement and ownershipdeveloping and strengthening of multi-sectoral collaborationinvolving disabled people’s organizations in their programmesscaling up their programmespromoting evidenced-based practicesFollowing series of consultations, in 2010, the revised CBR Guidelines were launched by WHO, UNESCO, ILO and IDDC
8 Components and Elements of CBR as outlined in the CBR Guidelines - 2010 CBR MATRIXHEALTHPROMOTIONPREVENTIONMEDICAL CAREREHABILITATIONEDUCATIONEARLY CHILDHOOD CAREPRIMARYSECONDARY & HIGHERNON-FORMALLIVELIHOODSKILLSDEVELOPMENTSELF-EMPLOYMENTWAGE EMPLOYMENTFINANCIALSERVICESSOCIALRELATIONSHIPSMARRIAGE &FAMILYPERSONALASSISTANCECULTURE&ARTSRECREATION LEISURE & SPORTSEMPOWERMENTCOMMUNICA-TIONSOCIAL MOBILIZATIONPOLITICAL PARTICIPATIONSELF-HELPGROUPSASSISTIVEDEVICESLIFE-LONGLEARNINGPROTECTIONACCESS TOJUSTICEDISABLEDPEOPLE'SORGANIZATIONS
9 About the CBR MatrixCBR matrix provides a common framework for CBR programmesCBR programmes are not expected to implement every component and element of the CBR matrixCBR Programmes are designed based on local needs, priorities and resourcesIn addition CBR programmes develop partnerships/ alliances to ensure that people with disabilities and their family members are able to benefit from all the component and elements of the CBR Matrix
11 Promoting DLI Approach DLI - a pilot project being initiated in the West Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya, Koraput District in Orissa and East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh.5-8 NGO partners are identified within a district to promote DLI.The overall aim is to promote a movement of PWDs in the district by forming DDPO, in order to address need and rights of PWDs and bring about a systemic change:All the partners collaborate together to form a strong DDPOBy building alliances with People’s movement
13 What do we see in the picture? Your BoatMainstreamSide stream?What if you are in the Mainstream?What if you are in the Side stream?
14 Why Mainstreaming?People with disabilities and their family members, often do not benefit from mainstream development initiativesMainstreaming is essential to ensure that they can participate meaningfully in development processes and policies.
15 In addition, CBRF’s focus areas of Mainstreaming are: Mainstreaming Disability/ inclusion of persons with disabilities in the existing programmes of the NGOInclusion of Mental Health in CBRInclusion of Persons with Disabilities in programmes related to HIV and AIDS and linkages with resource agencies
17 Rights Based Approach All programmes/ interventions: Help in the realization of human rights mentioned in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesAre guided by the standards and principles mentioned in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesAimed at development of the capacities of ‘duty-bearers’ to meet their obligations and/or of ‘rights-holders’ to claim their rights
18 Good programming practices under Rights Based Approach are: People with disabilities and their families are recognized as key players in their own development, rather than passive recipientsEffective participation of persons with disabilities and their familiesStrategies are empowering, not disempoweringProgrammes focus on marginalized, disadvantaged, and excluded groupsThe development process is locally ownedWork in collaboration the concerned authorities and local communitySituation analysis is used to identify immediate, underlying, and basic causes of issues/ problemsMeasurable goals and targets are important in programmingStrategic partnerships are developed and sustained
19 CBR Forum’s view of a Rights Based Approach The emphasis is on ensuring that the State takes on the responsibility of provisioning of quality services for persons with disabilities rather than the NGO partner playing this roleIn the interim period, however, the NGO partner will be encouraged to make provision of services, where required, until the DPO is in a position to ensure that the same are addressed appropriately by the State
20 We look forward to a tomorrow that does not side stream PWDsthat includes PWDs in the mainstream as equal partners