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Strategies of CBR Forum

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Presentation on theme: "Strategies of CBR Forum"— Presentation transcript:

1 Strategies of CBR Forum
COMMUNITY BASED REHABILITATION FORUM PMW, 26 March 2012, Bangalore

2 Objectives of this session
Gain a common understanding on the strategies of CBR Forum CBR District Level Initiative (DLI) Mainstreaming (MS) Rights Based Approach (RBA)

3 WHAT IS CBR? CBR is a strategy within general community development for the rehabilitation, equalization of opportunities and social inclusion of all people with disabilities. (Joint Position Paper 2004 of ILO, UNESCO, WHO). CBR is implemented through the combined efforts of people with disabilities, their families, organizations and communities, and the relevant governmental and non-governmental health, education, vocational, social and other services.

4 Major Objectives of CBR
To work at the level of individual people with disabilities and their families – To maximize their physical and mental abilities, To access regular services and opportunities, and To become active contributors to the community and society. To work with families/ communities to lift the barriers (attitudinal, institutional, information, communication, physical) that prevent the participation of persons with disabilities as Equals

5 Principles of CBR The principles of CBR are based on the principles of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) (Article 3) Dignity, freedom to make choices and independence Non-discrimination Full and effective participation and inclusion Respect for difference Equality of opportunity Accessibility Equality between men and women Respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities

6 Link between CBR and Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
CBR has moved from a purely Service Delivery approach to a Human Rights approach CBR is a multi-sectoral, bottom-up strategy The Convention provides the values and principles that govern our work Whereas, CBR is a practical strategy for implementation/ realization of the Rights in line with Article – 19 – Right to live in the community CBR activities are designed to meet the basic needs of people with disabilities, reduce poverty, and enable access to health, education, livelihood and social opportunities

7 Background of CBR In 2003, WHO, UN Agencies, CBR Practitioners and various stakeholders, reviewed 25 years of CBR. They highlighted the need for CBR programmes to focus on: reducing poverty promoting community involvement and ownership developing and strengthening of multi-sectoral collaboration involving disabled people’s organizations in their programmes scaling up their programmes promoting evidenced-based practices Following series of consultations, in 2010, the revised CBR Guidelines were launched by WHO, UNESCO, ILO and IDDC

8 Components and Elements of CBR as outlined in the CBR Guidelines - 2010
CBR MATRIX HEALTH PROMOTION PREVENTION MEDICAL CARE REHABILITATION EDUCATION EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE PRIMARY SECONDARY & HIGHER NON-FORMAL LIVELIHOOD SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SELF-EMPLOYMENT WAGE EMPLOYMENT FINANCIAL SERVICES SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS MARRIAGE & FAMILY PERSONAL ASSISTANCE CULTURE & ARTS RECREATION LEISURE & SPORTS EMPOWERMENT COMMUNICA-TION SOCIAL MOBILIZATION POLITICAL PARTICIPATION SELF-HELP GROUPS ASSISTIVE DEVICES LIFE-LONG LEARNING PROTECTION ACCESS TO JUSTICE DISABLED PEOPLE'S ORGANIZATIONS

9 About the CBR Matrix CBR matrix provides a common framework for CBR programmes CBR programmes are not expected to implement every component and element of the CBR matrix CBR Programmes are designed based on local needs, priorities and resources In addition CBR programmes develop partnerships/ alliances to ensure that people with disabilities and their family members are able to benefit from all the component and elements of the CBR Matrix

10 District Level Initiative

11 Promoting DLI Approach
DLI - a pilot project being initiated in the West Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya, Koraput District in Orissa and East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh. 5-8 NGO partners are identified within a district to promote DLI. The overall aim is to promote a movement of PWDs in the district by forming DDPO, in order to address need and rights of PWDs and bring about a systemic change: All the partners collaborate together to form a strong DDPO By building alliances with People’s movement

12 Mainstreaming

13 What do we see in the picture?
Your Boat Mainstream Side stream ? What if you are in the Mainstream? What if you are in the Side stream?

14 Why Mainstreaming? People with disabilities and their family members, often do not benefit from mainstream development initiatives Mainstreaming is essential to ensure that they can participate meaningfully in development processes and policies.

15 In addition, CBRF’s focus areas of Mainstreaming are:
Mainstreaming Disability/ inclusion of persons with disabilities in the existing programmes of the NGO Inclusion of Mental Health in CBR Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in programmes related to HIV and AIDS and linkages with resource agencies

16 Rights Based Approach

17 Rights Based Approach All programmes/ interventions:
Help in the realization of human rights mentioned in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Are guided by the standards and principles mentioned in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Aimed at development of the capacities of ‘duty-bearers’ to meet their obligations and/or of ‘rights-holders’ to claim their rights

18 Good programming practices under Rights Based Approach are:
People with disabilities and their families are recognized as key players in their own development, rather than passive recipients Effective participation of persons with disabilities and their families Strategies are empowering, not disempowering Programmes focus on marginalized, disadvantaged, and excluded groups The development process is locally owned Work in collaboration the concerned authorities and local community Situation analysis is used to identify immediate, underlying, and basic causes of issues/ problems Measurable goals and targets are important in programming Strategic partnerships are developed and sustained

19 CBR Forum’s view of a Rights Based Approach
The emphasis is on ensuring that the State takes on the responsibility of provisioning of quality services for persons with disabilities rather than the NGO partner playing this role In the interim period, however, the NGO partner will be encouraged to make provision of services, where required, until the DPO is in a position to ensure that the same are addressed appropriately by the State

20 We look forward to a tomorrow
that does not side stream PWDs that includes PWDs in the mainstream as equal partners


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