Presentation on theme: "Jane SChaffer Helps Me Write Good"— Presentation transcript:
1 Jane SChaffer Helps Me Write Good Introductory Paragraph & Conclusion Paragraph
2 How should we organize our ideas? IntroductionBody ParagraphsConclusion
3 Formula for Intro Paragraphs: 1. Attention grabberNeeds to grab the reader's attention by introducing the topic of the thesis (without referring directly to it)Option: Begin by defining the idea or concept that is the topic of the paper (But do NOT use a question or a direct dictionary definition!)2. Central IdeaAdds information about the topic of the paperBad Example: "In this paper I will show you the meaning of friendship“Good Example: “Friendship is a key ingredient to a person’s success in accomplishing goals.”
4 Formula for Intro Paragraphs: 3. Set Up Sentence:Transitions directly to the thesisConnects the idea of the grabber to the point in thesisIncludes title of book (underlined!!) and author’s name4. Thesis Statement:Last sentence of intro paragraphStatement that answers the essay promptIncludes argument that your paper will work to prove
5 Thesis StatementsThesis statements establish for your reader both the relationship between the ideas and the order in which the material will be presented.They are written first so that you can organize your essay.They are the last sentence in your introduction paragraph.
6 Where does it all go? general Attention grabber Central idea Set up sentence (book title & author)specificThesis statement
7 Thesis #1To help write your thesis statement, answer the following questions:What is the topic of your essay?What is the opinion of your topic? In other words, what are you trying to prove?What are your three main points in support of your opinion?
8 Thesis #1 cont.Now, put all of your answers together to create a complete sentence:_______ can ________ by _______, _______, ______(topic) (opinion) (point #1) (point #2) (point #3)Example: These habits can help me create my destiny of graduating with honors by helping me prioritize my calendar, stay focused on my goals, and be proactive.
9 Thesis #2 The first thesis works, but could be considered boring. Change how your phrase your opinion so your word choice is more dynamic.Example: These habits will lead me to my destiny of graduating with honors by helping me prioritize my calendar, stay focused on my goals, and be proactive.
10 Thesis #3Reverse the order of your thesis by putting your reasons first and your opinion second.Example: Prioritizing my calendar, staying focused on my goal, and being proactive are three habits that will help me create my destiny of graduating with honors.
11 Strategies for Introductions Definition: Define a word that is key to the topic and/or thesisExample: Honors is defined as accomplishing the highest rank possible.Words you might define:DestinyHabitGoal
12 Strategies for Introductions Quote: Use someone’s exact words, but be sure that they are relevant to the thesisExample: Thomas Jefferson once said that “nobody can acquire honor by doing what is wrong”.
13 Strategies for Introductions History/Overview/Context: Briefly provide the background information needed to understand the situation you are writing aboutExample: Every student looks to graduate from high school on time. However, some students aim to graduate with grades high enough to earn them honors status.
14 Strategies for Introductions Description: Give vivid details to help the reader visualize the who, what, where, when of your essayExample: Three years from now I will be walking into Showare Center with colored cords draped around my neck. My family and friends will be cheering me on as I walk across the stage and receive my diploma.
15 Conclusion Paragraph specific general Your conclusion paragraph will do the opposite, going fromspecific generalSpecificGeneral
16 Formula for Conclusion Paragraphs: 1. Restatement thesis: Reflects the knowledge learned in essay. 2. Two Implication Sentences: Answer the questions “so what?” and “who cares?" to help the reader realize the significance of the thesis. 3. Culminating Sentence: Final sentence of essay that leaves the reader with a powerful thought using strong words.
17 Strategies for Conclusions Echo: Connect to the introduction, but do not repeat key words and phrasesPrediction: State what may result, or has resulted from the situation discussed in the essaySelf-Reflection: Think about yourself in relation to the ideas you presented; what did you learn?Reach Out: Encourage the reader to connect to the ideas you presented or to take action; what can other people learn from your essay?REMEMBER: Your thesis is the FIRST SENTENCE of the concluding paragraph. Ask yourself: What WAS the POINT of your essay?
18 Transition SentencesA transition sentence improves the fluidity of your essay by creating a bridge between your body paragraphs (in the CS or TS)Try starting your transition sentences with in addition, in conjunction, despite, although, even though, or another transition word/phrase. This forces the sentences to contain two ideas!
19 Transition Sentence Example TS #1 Paul tries many times to forget about Billy’s death.CS #1 (functions as the transition to body paragraph #2) Although Paul attempts to conquer his fear, he still cannot forget the horrors of death and war.TS #2 Paul is traumatized by Billy’s unexpected death.