Presentation on theme: "Solar Nebula Theory How to make a solar system: 1.Start with nebula = a large cloud of dust and gas. 2.A nearby star explodes (supernova) or the nebula."— Presentation transcript:
Solar Nebula Theory How to make a solar system: 1.Start with nebula = a large cloud of dust and gas. 2.A nearby star explodes (supernova) or the nebula crashes into another nebula.
Solar Nebula Theory 3.The nebula begins to spin and contract from gravity. This creates a flattened disk. ex: A spinning ice skater spins faster with their arms by their side. Making pizza
Solar Nebula Theory 4.The middle of the disk reaches high temperature and ignites! 5.Ignition starts nuclear fusion (H + H = He)…lighter elements combine into heavier elements. 6.Voila… a star is formed.
Planet Formation Planetary Disk - dust and rocks orbiting the new Sun. Dust and rocks begin to clump together… like a snowball = accretion. Planetesimals = objects size of small moons with gravitational fields.
Planets Definition (2006): 1.In orbit around the Sun (no moons) 2.Enough mass to be a sphere 3. Cleared the “neighborhood” around its orbit
Ice Line -- Sun’s high temperatures burn off lighter elements (gas) from planets close to the sun. -- Cooler temperatures further away allow gas and ice to collect. As a Result: Inner planets are solid (Terrestrial) Outer planets are gas (Jovian)
Planet Groups Terrestrial - Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. -- Rocky surface -- Small diameter -- High density -- Few moons Jovian - Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. -- No surface - Gas -- Large diameter -- Low density -- Many moons
Asteroids Rocky and Metallic objects that orbit the sun. Most located between Mars and Jupiter. Potential Earth/Life destroyers.
Meteoroids Meteoroids = asteroids on collision course with Earth. Meteor = when meteoroid hits Earth’s atmosphere… usually burn up (shooting star). Meteorite = if meteor hits Earth. Over 100 meteorites fall annually…most very small.
Comets Ball of dust and ice that revolves around the sun. “Dirty snowball”. Potential Earth/Life destroyers.