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Euro Hawk Integration of HALE UAS into non-segregated airspace.

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Presentation on theme: "Euro Hawk Integration of HALE UAS into non-segregated airspace."— Presentation transcript:

1 Euro Hawk Integration of HALE UAS into non-segregated airspace

2 Introduction EH UAS Airspace structure Flight operations IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk Structure 2

3 Public Acceptance ??? Airspace Integration Concerted Procedures UAS Operation Technology Personnel General View On UAS Operation 3 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

4 From GLOBAL HAWK to EURO HAWK modified GLOBAL HAWK (RQ-4B) Airborne Integrated SIGINT System (ISIS-A) EURO HAWK 4 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

5 System (RPA, LRE, MCE) The Euro Hawk is a HALE (high-altitude long-endurance) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) designed to perform Reconnaissance and Surveillance Missions over long distances. The Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) can remain airborne for up to 36 hours. Euro Hawk is flown through a mission computer loaded with mission plan before each flight. The pilot-in-command (PIC) at the ground station can manually fly the aircraft at any time. However, whichever mode is being flown Euro Hawk remains predictable. 5 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

6 System (RPA, LRE, MCE) Launch and Recover Element (LRE) required for aircraft ground operations, take- off, approach and landing phases. Mission Control Element (MCE) has the controls, displays and communication lines to perform mission. Pilot-in-Command (PIC) is licened pilot (CPL-IFR or compairable military licence). 6 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

7 Safety case on Euro Hawk integration into national airspace outside segregated airspace: MOU between Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Transportation, outlining a cooperative civil-military risk analysis. DIN-, ESARR 4 and EU-decree conform process; continuous progress monitoring and result validation by government (MoT). Aim: Analyse and describe potential risks caused by Euro Hawk operation. Define safety measures and prerequisites for Euro Hawk operation. Timeframe: Jan 2008 – Feb 2011 Members: 30 representatives from German Air Force, national ATM authority and Ministry of Transportation. Safety Case Euro Hawk (SiBe) 7 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

8 Schematic Flight-Profile (acc. SiBe) Airspace Class C Airspace Class E D Restricted Airspace (ED-R), CTR acc §10(4)LuftVO CTR: Restricted Airspace (ED-R), acc § 10(4) LuftVO Emergency D D E E Violation Emergency 8 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

9 Airspace Structure Euro Hawk reaches with a spiral shaped climb (IFR OAT) in the vicinity of the departure aerodrome his operational altitude FL470+ to commence his enroute phase. Climb and descent are performed within restricted airspace (ED-R, TRA). Enroute (FL470+) Euro Hawk flies within controlled airspace class C and will be separated to other traffic. The newly established restricted airspaces ED-R 147/148 above Manching and Schleswig CTR and below FL 100 are activated for the time of EH utilization plus a 1 hour buffer (via NOTAM the day before). 9 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

10 Airspace Structure Manching n ETSI CTR D + R Airspace G Airspace E Airspace C 1000ft 3700ft FL75 FL100 FL245 ED-R 147 ED-R 138 ED-R 210 ED-R 310 Bundeswehr: ETSI TWR/APP DFS enroute 10 New R-area to connect CTR with existing ED-R and airspace class C IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

11 Communication LREMCE ATC INMARSATSATCOMOmniSTARGPS EuroHawk Correcting Signal DGPS GPS C2+ATC-Voice C2+ATC-Voice (Backup) C2+ATC-Voice ATC-Voice C2+ATC-Voice C2 C2+ATC-Voice C2 ATC TWR ATC-Voice SCAT I Correcting Signal DGPS + phone phone 11 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

12 Sense And Avoid Assistant (SA3) or: = Sense and Avoid Assisting Function (SAAFu) To support safe conduct of air traffic and to maintain separation to unknown aircraft Euro Hawk will depart and approach within restricted airspace. Despite the restricted areas, the Euro Hawk FSD safety case assessment identified the need for additional measures to cope for potential risks arising from CTR and ED-R airspace violations below FL 100. To minimize these risks, the PIC will be supported by a system called SA3 (Sense And Avoid Assistant). 12 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

13 Sense And Avoid Assistant (SA3) Support Tool to increase PIC´s situational awareness on VFR traffic. Display and analysis of primary and secondary radar targets. VS - NfD 13 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk

14 14 IntroductionAirspace Flight Operations UAS Euro Hawk Flight operations The handling of contingency situations is as far as possible similar to emergency procedures for manned aircraft. Planned and programmed behavior is briefed to ATC. Four contingency situations can be distinguished: –C1 = lost command and control –C2 = return to base (loss of redundancy, minor system fault) –C3 = emergency landing (major technical problem) –C4 = go-around / take-off abort Special SSR codes are not required. The procedures of manned aviation are applicable in principle. The routing within German airspace is covered with Emergency Landing Fields. The flight profiles are preprogrammed and known to ATC. Briefings in the ATC Centers were offered to inform ATC personnel. A communication campaign increases the awareness of civil and military aviation.

15 Thank you for your attention! Do you have any questions? 15


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