3 Write a definition for the word, ‘rebirth’ Do NowWrite a definition for the word, ‘rebirth’
4 Factors that Contributed to the Beginning of the Renaissance The Renaissance was an age of recovery from the disasters of the 14th century, such as the plague, political instability, and a decline of Church powerRecovery went hand-in-hand with a rebirth of interest in ancient culture (e.g., ancient Greece and Rome)A new view of human beings emerged as people in the Italian Renaissance began to emphasize individual ability
5 What was the Renaissance? The Renaissance was a cultural movement and a time of renewal (Europe was recovering from the Dark Ages and the Black Death/Bubonic Plague)Renaissance means “rebirth” of classical knowledge and “birth” of the modern world (new intellectual and artistic ideas that developed during the Renaissance marked the beginning of the modern world)
6 Where did the Renaissance begin? ItalyItalian CitiesUrban SocietiesMajor Trading CentersSecular MovementPeople lost their faith in the church and began to put more focus on human beings and material possessions
7 When did the Renaissance Take Place? Roughly the 14th to the 17th century
8 ReminderRenaissance means “rebirth” of interest in ancient culture (Greece and Rome)
9 The Renaissance produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy, and literature. Patrons, wealthy from newly expanded trade, sponsored works which glorified city-states in northern Italy. Education became increasingly secular.
10 Medieval art and literature focused on the Church and salvation Classical art showed the importance of people and leaders, as well as gods and goddessesMedieval art and literature focused on the Church and salvationRenaissance art and literature focused on the importance of people and nature, along with religion
11 Classical Art History Alive! Pg. 316 ‘Discobolus’ Figures were lifelike but often idealized (more perfect than in real life)Figures were nude or draped in togas (robes)Bodies looked active, and motion was believableFaces were calm and without emotionScenes showed either heroic figures or real people doing tasks from daily life
12 Medieval Art History Alive! Pg. 317 ‘Narthex Tympanum' Most art was religious, showing Jesus, saints, people from the Bible, and so onImportant figures in paintings were shown as larger than others around themFigures looked stiff, with little sense of movementFigures were fully dressed in stiff-looking clothingFaces were serious and showed little feelingPaint colors were bright
13 New Techniques also emerged. Renaissance artists embraced some of the ideals of ancient Greece and Rome in their art.The purpose of art would no longer be to glorify God, as it had been in Medieval Europe. Artists wanted their subjects to be realistic and focused on humanity and emotion.New Techniques also emerged.
14 The School of Athens Perspective Subjects are mainly secular, but can be religiousFigures look idealized, but can also look like everyday ordinary peopleBodies are activeClothed or unclothedFaces are expressiveDetail
15 Cultural and educational reform The study of classical culture (ancient Greece and Rome), in contrast with the study of things related to the church and religionCelebrated the individualWas supported by wealthy patrons (financial supporters)