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Chapter 1 Professional Architectural Careers, Office Practices, and Opportunities.

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1 Chapter 1 Professional Architectural Careers, Office Practices, and Opportunities

2 Introduction Architectural drafting and design satisfies many interests Theoretical problem solving Artistic creations Creating something practical while working with your hands

3 Introduction (cont’d.)
Architectural drafting classes can lead to various careers Drafter CAD technician Designer Interior decorator or designer Architect Engineer

4 Drafter Creates drawings and details for another person’s creations
Responsible for proper line and lettering quality and properly laying out required drawings Requires attention to detail Drafters draw using pens and pencils CAD technicians create them using a computer

5 Drafter (cont’d.) Beginning drafter
Job consists of correcting drawings created by others Responsibilities expand as quality improves U.S. National CAD Standards (NCS) Aimed at bringing uniformity between consulting firms to ensure quality plans

6 Drafter (cont’d.) Experienced drafter
Makes construction design decisions (e.g., structural sizes, connection methods, drawing renderings, etc.) Becomes more complex with experience May work with city and state building departments Requires familiarity with codes and vendors’ catalogs

7 Drafter (cont’d.) Educational requirements Personal requirements
Solid education, computer-aided drafting (CAD) skills, basic computer skills, and ability to sell yourself Personal requirements Function well in group settings Reliability Promote success among teammates

8 Drafter (cont’d.) Workplace ethics Employment opportunities
Rules and principles that define right and wrong conduct Copyright protection Employment opportunities Range (e.g., suppliers, manufacturing companies, government agencies)

9 Designer States restrict title use Responsibilities
Formal training and a competency test Responsibilities Based on education and experience Coordinates team of drafters May work under an architect or engineer Generally work in an office setting

10 Interior Decorator Decorates building interiors
Specific job requirements: Meet with clients to determine project scope Review and measure spaces Prepare proposed room layouts and estimates Provide samples Arrange and oversee painting, wallpapering, and flooring Select and purchase furnishings and items

11 Kitchen and Bath Designer
Area of specialization National Kitchen & Bath Association training program Associate Kitchen & Bath Designer Certified Kitchen Designer Certified Master Kitchen & Bathroom Designer

12 Interior Designer Works with structural designer to optimize and harmonize interiors Plans space features Licensing depends on state requirements National Council for Interior Design Qualification examination

13 Architect Licensed professional
Designs commercial and residential structures Performs the tasks of many (e.g., designer, artist, project manager, and construction supervisor) Education Bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate Fine arts classes help in preparation Specialization in third year

14 Architect (cont’d.) Positions in architectural firms include:
Technical staff Intern Architect I, II, and III Manager Associate Principal

15 Engineer Licensed professional
Applies math and science principles to structure design and construction Electrical engineers Mechanical engineers Civil engineers

16 Related Fields Many related careers require an understanding of drafting principles Model maker Illustrator Specification writer Plan examiner Inspector Construction jobs

17 Design Basics Financial considerations The client
Influences design methods Designer makes cost and size decisions Financial source can also affect design process The client House plans are often built in subdivisions Stock plans allow for personalization

18 Design Basics (cont’d.)
Design process stages: Initial contact Preliminary design studies Room planning Initial working drawings Final design considerations

19 Design Basics (cont’d.)
Design process stages (cont’d.): Completion of working drawings Permit procedures Job supervision








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