Presentation on theme: "New American Diplomacy “Speak softly, but carry a Big stick”"— Presentation transcript:
New American Diplomacy “Speak softly, but carry a Big stick”
Does America still employ TR’s “big stick” diplomacy?
Opening China Spheres of InfluenceSpheres of Influence –Japan & western powers carved China into regions –Within each sphere, one nation held economic dominance The Open Door PolicyThe Open Door Policy –US at a geographical disadvantage –Open Door Note (1899) –Respect Chinese rights and fair competition The Boxer Rebellion (1900)The Boxer Rebellion (1900)
Roosevelt becomes President McKinley is assassinated 1901McKinley is assassinated 1901 TR becomes youngest presidentTR becomes youngest president Roosevelt and Foreign AffairsRoosevelt and Foreign Affairs –1st President to play a significant role in World Affairs –Imperialism in Western Hemisphere –Proponent of Military and Naval preparedness
Presidential Firsts First to invite an African American to a White House dinnerFirst to invite an African American to a White House dinner First to have Secret Service protectionFirst to have Secret Service protection First to win Nobel Peace Prize for his work towards ending the Russo- Japanese WarFirst to win Nobel Peace Prize for his work towards ending the Russo- Japanese War First to take trip outside the United StatesFirst to take trip outside the United States
More Presidential Firsts First to give an open invitation to the pressFirst to give an open invitation to the press First to beFirst to be –submerged in a submarine –to own a car –to have a telephone in his home –to be allowed to operate the light switches in the White House
Panama Canal: Roosevelt’s Most Famous Foreign Policy Initiative Here TR inspects the canal construction in Panama in 1906.
Panama Canal Spanish-American War emphasized need for CanalSpanish-American War emphasized need for Canal Colombia rejected U.S. offer to construct canal.Colombia rejected U.S. offer to construct canal. Gunboat DiplomacyGunboat Diplomacy –Panamanian rebellion –US prevents re-supply of troops
Roosevelt as “Peacemaker” Russo-Japanese WarRusso-Japanese War –war was over ports in Manchuria and Korea –Russian fleet destroyed TR brokers PeaceTR brokers Peace –TR doesn’t want either side to gain a monopoly in Asia –Japanese secretly asked TR Treaty of PortsmouthTreaty of Portsmouth
Roosevelt Corollary MotivationMotivation –concerned about German & British influence in L.A. –Extension of Monroe Doctrine (1823) PolicyPolicy –Preventive Intervention –Keep economic and Political stability –"Policeman of the Caribbean”
Taft and Latin America Continued Roosevelt’s policyContinued Roosevelt’s policy Dollar DiplomacyDollar Diplomacy –Supported Latin America development –Eliminate poverty & social disorder Intervened in Nicaragua (1911)Intervened in Nicaragua (1911)