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1 The distribution of the State budget 2006 Total budget: NIS 303 billion,

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Presentation on theme: "1 The distribution of the State budget 2006 Total budget: NIS 303 billion,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The distribution of the State budget 2006 Total budget: NIS 303 billion,

2 2 The distribution of the social service budget

3 3 Per capita social expenditure: a slight rise in 2006 after a steady decline since 2001 Current budget, 2005 prices, NIS thousand

4 4 Average per capita expenditure on transfer payments: stable following a decline 2005 prices, NIS thousand

5 5 Population distribution by district

6 6 Mixed localities : districts that stand out – Jerusalem and the North

7 7 Share of immigrants: the South exceeds other districts Immigrants as a percent of total population, by district

8 8 Age distribution: a younger population in Jerusalem and the North Elderly and children as a percent of the total population, by district

9 9 Fertility rates: differences by district Average number of children a woman is expected to bear in her lifetime

10 10 Average government expenditure on education per pupil: a slight rise after a continuous decline since 2001 Current budget 2005 prices, NIS thousand

11 11 Education expenditure: the expected influence of natural growth is marked in Israel Estimated influence of population growth on education spending: 2015 versus 2005 Index: 2005=100

12 12 The population ’ s education level: Israel ranks high in international comparisons Average years of schooling among those aged 25-64

13 13 Educational achievement: significant differences in matriculation certificate entitlement by district *excluding East Jerusalem Entitled to certificate, percent of those aged 16-19, average for 1997-2001

14 14 Studying for a first degree: differences by district Percent of 20-29 year olds studying for their first degree *excluding East Jerusalem

15 15 Health expenditure and population growth: since the National Health Law passed, spending has not kept pace Index: 1994=100

16 16 Financing national health expenditure: a continual increase in household share* *excluding health tax Percent

17 17 Infant mortality: rates in the North and South are high compared to a decade ago Rate per 1000 live births, by district

18 18 Life expectancy: longer in Jerusalem and shorter in the South Life expectancy at birth, by district

19 19 Hospital stays in general wards: a marked decrease in number of beds and average length of stay since 1980

20 20 Population density: vast differences between districts Number of people per square kilometer

21 21 Road accidents: high rates of injuries in the North Average injuries per 1000 residents, by district

22 22 Taub Survey - Public health priorities : the public prefers more subsidized medicines and preventive care Which of these areas should be a priority to improve the population’s level of health?

23 23 Distribution of the National Insurance Institute budget: two-thirds goes to old-age and disability allowances

24 24 National Insurance: differential development with a sharp rise in general disability allowances Index: 1990=100

25 25 Taub Survey - National Insurance: most prefer limiting or canceling allowances to high income groups Do you think that allowances to those with a high income should be reduced or even canceled?

26 26 Pensioners: 18% of households in Tel-Aviv and Haifa are pensioners Pensioners as a percent of all households, by district

27 27 Recipients of nursing care allowance: low rates in Jerusalem, high in the South Percent aged 65+ receiving nursing care allowance, by district

28 28 General poverty level: an increase in the number of families under the poverty line Percent of poor families after transfer payments and taxes 411,000 families

29 29 Poverty by district: an especially high rate of poor families in Jerusalem and the North Percent of poor families after transfer payments and taxes

30 30 Poverty among children: a steep rise – nearly one- third of Israel’s children are living under the poverty line Percent of poor children after transfer payments and taxes 769,000 children

31 31 Poverty among children by district: more than half of Jerusalem’s children are living in poverty Percent of poor children after transfer payments and taxes

32 32 The working poor: working is not always insurance against poverty Percent of poor families in different groups, 2005

33 33 Housing conditions: pronounced crowding in the Jerusalem district Percent of homes with more than 2 persons per room, by district

34 34 Computer ownership: 60% of households in Israel have a computer Percent of households with a home computer

35 35 Internet access: 40% of households in Israel have Internet connection Percent of households with Internet connection

36 36 Information and communication technology: Israel leads in terms of ICT product and employment ICT employment - % of business sector ICT product - % of business sector

37 37 Labor force participation: a continuous rise over time Percent of those aged 15+

38 38 Participation in labor force by gender: low participation of women in the North and Jerusalem Percent of those aged 15+, by district

39 39 Unemployment over time: after peaking in 2003, a decline in the rate of unemployment Percent unemployed of the civilian labor force

40 40 Unemployment by district: higher rates in the North and South Percent unemployed of civilian labor force, by district

41 41 Wages by district: lower wages in the North and South Average monthly gross wage per employee, NIS

42 42 Taub Survey - Fear of unemployment: fears have calmed over the past three years but one-fourth are still greatly concerned Percent of respondents who feel greatly vulnerable to unemployment

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