Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer Miniature Earth – If the population of the Earth were shrunk to just 100 people, but the proportions were kept the same, what would it look."— Presentation transcript:
1 Bell RingerMiniature Earth – If the population of the Earth were shrunk to just 100 people, but the proportions were kept the same, what would it look like? This video will show us.
3 What is a primary tool of demographers? What is Demography?study of populationWhat is a primary tool of demographers?Census- survey of population, done every 10 years by the federal government
4 What is Population Density? The number of people in a unit of space.Example: “8,500 people per square mile”
5 What is Population Distribution? Habitable Lands - 2/3 of population between 20*N and 60*NUrban-Rural Mix – ½ of population lives in cities, more each yearMigration – people moving, causes change in populationPush Factors – reasons people leave homePull Factors – reasons people come to new home
6 What is over population? number of people exceeds available resources
7 World Geography Population Eastern Asia has the greatest concentration of people on Earth – it is centered in China and has 21% of Earth’s population.2) Southern Asia is the second largest concentration ofpeople – it is centered in India and has 16% of the Earth’s pop.llhammon Fall 2010
8 World Geography Population 3) Western Europe is the third largest concentration.In Western Europe people are concentrated near natural resources needed for industry.llhammon Fall 2010
9 World Geography Population East Central North America is the fourth largest center concentrated in the NE US and SE Canada.In the US, the chain of cities start from the city of Boston to south of Washington DC.- This is called a megalopolis.llhammon Fall 2010
10 World Geography Population Africa has 12% of the Earth’s population.Largest cluster of people found in the Nile River Valley.Cairo is the largest city in Africa.llhammon Fall 2010
11 World Geography Population South America is lightly populated compared with other continents.Patterns of people live along the edges of the continent – SE Buenos Aires in Argentina, Montevideo in Uruguay, and Rio de Janeiro and Recife in Brazil.llhammon Fall 2010
12 World Geography Population Australia has the fewest number of people.They are concentrated along the eastern and southern coasts.(17.5 million people total on the entire continent. – as much as the NYC metro area)llhammon Fall 2010
13 World Geography Population North Polellhammon Fall 2010
14 Population Growth Over Time “The J Curve” During the Industrial RevolutionLate 1700’s to 1900’sNew technologies improved medicine, sanitation, and food production.
15 How do demographers determine who is growing? Birth rates and Death rates
16 What are Birth Rates?Birth Rate – number of live births per 1000 peopleFertility Rate – average number of children a woman will have in her lifetime
17 What are Death Rates?Death (Mortality) Rate – number of deaths per 1000 peopleInfant Mortality Rate – number of deaths among infants under 1 year old, per 1000 live births
18 What is Rate of Natural Increase? Rate of Natural Increase- % a population grows in one yearBirth Rate minus Death Rate=Rate of Natural Increase
19 What is Doubling Rate?Doubling rate- number of years it takes for a population to double.To figure the growth rate:70 / Rate of Natural Increase (RNI)=Number of years to double populationExample: Mexico has an RNI of 1.7, so 70/1.7 = 41.17… so Mexico will double in population in about 41 years!
20 GapminderUse your laptop or iPad to go out to Feel free to poke around and orient yourself before you start the Gapminder worksheet.
23 What is the Demographic Transition Model? Researchers identify either four or five stages of development.Complex line graphCategorizes a country based on birth & death rateDetermines:GrowthStandard of LivingLevel of industrialization
24 Stages of the Demographic Transition Model Stage 1 – pre-industrial, slow growth ratesStage 2 – poor countries, high birth and death ratesStage 3 – developing countries, rapid growthStage 4 – developed countries, stable populationStage 5 – rich and aging countries, shrinking population
26 What is a Population Pyramid? Complex Bar GraphWhat is shown?Males and Females by ageWhy?Demographers use age and sex to help predict info. about a countryHow do population pyramids work?Wide base = high % of childrenNarrow base = low % of children
27 Making Predictions Which has a higher % of children? Look at the shape of these charts, and think about them. Then try to answer these questions on a separate paper.Which has a higher % of children?Which is most wealthy, most poor?Which has the most unemployed?Which probably has best health care?Which has most not going to school?