Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Emerging Adulthood: Psychosocial Development

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Emerging Adulthood: Psychosocial Development"— Presentation transcript:

1 Emerging Adulthood: Psychosocial Development
Part VI Chapter Nineteen Emerging Adulthood: Psychosocial Development Identity Achieved Intimacy Emotional Development Prepared by Madeleine Lacefield Tattoon, M.A.

2 Emerging Adulthood: Psychosocial Development
“In psychosocial development, even more than in physical or cognitive development, the hallmark of contemporary adult life is diversity.”

3 Identity Achieved the search for identity begins at puberty, and continues through adulthood each stage’s crises provides the foundation for each new era… as is evident in the emerging adult

4 Identity Achieved Ethnic Identity
in the U.S. and Canada 1/2 of the 18 – 25- year-olds are either children of immigrant or native-born Americas of African, Asian, Indian, or Latino descent most individuals identify with very specific ethnic groups, e.g. Vietnamese, Pakistani, or Korean Americans, not simply Asian

5 Identity Achieved Ethnic Identity
emerging adults meet many more people of other backgrounds European Americans also understand the importance of their own ethnicity, e.g., Ukrainian Catholic or Russian Jewish

6 Identity Achieved Ethnic Identity
everyone struggles to forge an identify, but immigrants combining their parent’s past and their future new social context often have conflicts

7 Identity Achieved Ethnic Identity
choices affect language, manners, romance, employment, neighborhood, religion, clothing, and values

8 Identity Achieved Ethnic Identity
is reciprocal, both a personal choice and a response to others it depends on context and therefore changes with time and circumstances it is multifaceted… emerging adults choose some attributes and rejects others

9 Identity Achieved Ethnic Identity
the changing contexts of life require ethnic identity to be reestablished at each phase… with one identity in adolescence, another in emerging adulthood

10 Identity Achieved Vocational Identity is a part of growing up
college is considered an important step towards a career a correlation between college education and income has been evident… few unskilled jobs have been created in the 21st century

11 Intimacy Intimacy versus Isolation the sixth of Erikson’s eight stages
adults seek someone with whom to share their lives in an enduring and self-sacrificing commitment without such commitment they risk profound aloneness and isolation

12 Intimacy Friendship friends defend against stress and provide joy throughout life friends are chosen for understanding, tolerance, loyalty, affection, humor friends are earned; they choose us, unlike family

13 Intimacy gateway to attraction
physical attractiveness (even in platonic same-sex relationships) apparent availability (willingness to talk, to do things together) frequent exposure absence of exclusion criteria (no unacceptable characteristics)

14 Intimacy Gender and Friendship
men and women have the same friendship needs humans seek intimacy, lifelong men tend to share activities and interests women have friendships that are more intimate and emotional

15 Intimacy Gender and Friendship more men than women are homophobic
male-female differences may be cultural and seem to be less stereotyped among contemporary emerging adults cross-sex friendships have potential problems

16 Intimacy Romance and Relationships
couples are marrying later and divorcing more often than earlier cohorts marriage is being postponed, not abandoned

17 Intimacy Romance and Relationships
the relationship between love and marriage depends on the culture In 1/3 of all nations, people fall in love and then decide to marry, with the young man asking the young woman North Americans and Europeans expect to fall in love several times but not to marry until they are financially and emotionally independent

18 Intimacy The Dimensions of Love love is not a simple emotion
not something universally recognized as the glue that holds a relationship together

19 Intimacy The Dimensions of Love
Sternberg described three distinct aspects of love passion intimacy commitment

20 Intimacy Cohabitation
an arrangement in which a man and a women live together in committed sexual relationship but are not formally married more than ½ of all emerging adults cohabit during emerging adulthood

21 Intimacy Cohabitation
many people think that living together is a good prelude for marriage; researchers suggest they are mistaken living together before marriage does not preclude problems that might arise after a wedding

22 Intimacy What Makes Relationships Work
marriage is not what it once was… a legal and religious arrangement that couple sought for sexual expression most adults aged 20 to 30 are not yet married compared to any year in the past, fewer adults are married (58%) and more are divorced the divorce rate is ½ the marriage rate

23 Intimacy What Makes Relationships Work homogamy heterogamy
marriage between individuals who tend to be similar with respect to such variables as attitudes, interest, goals, socioeconomic status, religion, ethnic background, and local origin heterogamy marriage between individuals who tend to be dissimilar with respect to such variables as attitudes, interest, goals, socioeconomic status, religion, ethnic background, and local origin

24 Intimacy What Makes Relationships Work social homogamy
the similarity of a couple’s leisure interests and role preferences social exchange theory the view that social behavior is a process of exchange aimed at maximizing the benefits one receives and minimizing the costs one pays

25 Intimacy common couple violence intimate terrorism Domestic Violence:
a form of abuse in which one or both partners of a couple engage in outbursts of verbal and physical attacks… also called situational couple violence intimate terrorism spouse abuse in which, most often, the husband uses violent methods of accelerating intensity to isolate, degrade, and punish the wife

26 Intimacy Family Connections
“It is hard to overestimate the importance of the family at any time of the life span.” families are “our most important individual support system,” a “problem-solving system”

27 Emotional Development
during emerging adulthood people are at their peak: strength sexual impulse health cognitive growth

28 Emotional Development
Well-Being allows emerging adults to learn explore make friends find lovers take whatever job journey take risks

29 Emotional Development
positive emotions increase when adults have close relationships with friends lovers parents undergo successful transitions leaving home graduating from college securing a good job

30 Emotional Development
Well-Being some of the depression and anxieties of adolescence lift when young people leave their high schools and distance themselves from dysfunctional families

31 Emotional Development
Psychopathology not all young adults benefit from independence… some adults have too many choices and too little guidance diathesis-stress model the view that mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, are produced by the interaction of a genetic vulnerability (the diathesis) with stressful environmental factors and life events

32 Emotional Development
Substance Abuse Disorders emerging adulthood is the most common time for substance abuse 1 in 8 is addicted before age 27 substance abuse can be a common interest for friends and romantic partners most sufferers manage to put an end to abuse without professional counseling

33 Emotional Development
Mood Disorders before age 30, 8% of U.S. residents suffer from a mood disorder major depression is the most common may be biochemical… imbalances in neurotransmitters and hormones (can also be triggered by a stressor

34 Emotional Development
Anxiety Disorders ¼ of U.S. residents below the age of 25, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) panic attacks age and genetic vulnerability shape the symptoms of anxiety disorders

35 Emotional Development
Schizophrenia 1% of all adults experience at least one episode of schizophrenia partly genetic malnutrition when the brain is developing symptoms typically begin in adolescence diagnosis is most common from ages 18-24

36 Emotional Development
Continuity and Discontinuity most emerging adults have strengths as well as liabilities many overcome anxieties, substance abuse, etc… through “self-righting,” social support and ongoing maturation

Download ppt "Emerging Adulthood: Psychosocial Development"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google