Presentation on theme: "Flamborough Head: A MarBEF Case Study Site Daryl Burdon1 & Jon Atkins2 1 Institute of Estuarine & Coastal Studies (IECS), University of Hull 2 Centre."— Presentation transcript:
1Flamborough Head: A MarBEF Case Study Site Daryl Burdon1 & Jon Atkins2 1 Institute of Estuarine & Coastal Studies (IECS), University of Hull 2 Centre for Economic Policy, The Business School, University of Hull
2EU MarBEF Project www.marbef.org “Aims to integrate and disseminate knowledge and experience on marine biodiversity, and contribute towards a decision support system for valuing marine biodiversity and ecosystem functioning”“Theme 3 of the programme encompasses socio-economics, including valuation of goods and services provided by coastal and marine ecosystems”
3Why use the Ecosystem Goods and Services approach? Integrative approach to identifying social, economic and environmental demands and pressures on ecosystems.Allows linkages between human and ecological systems to be understood by all stakeholders.Informs coastal managers and policy makers.
4Ecosystem Goods and Services CategoryGood or serviceProduction services1Food provision2Raw materialsRegulation services3Gas and climate regulation4Disturbance prevention5Bioremediation of wasteCultural services6Cultural heritage and identity7Cognitive values8Leisure and recreation9Feel good or warm glowOption use values10Future unknown or speculative benefitsOver-arching support services11Resilience and resistance12Biologically mediated habitat13Nutrient cyclingFrom Beaumont et al., 2007
5Lead research institution MarBEF Study SitesStudy siteLead research institutionFlamborough HeadUniversity of Hull, UKIsles of ScillyPlymouth Marine Laboratory, UKPico-Faial ChannelUniversity of Azores /University of WalesBelgian part of the North SeaUniversity of Ghent, BelgiumLister DeepRoskilde University, DenmarkGulf of GdańskUniversity of Gdańsk, PolandAtlantic Frontier
6Why Flamborough Head? Well defined area. Box 1: Current Site DesignationsFlamborough Head and BemptonCliffs Special Protection Area (SPA).Flamborough Head Special Area ofConservation (SAC).European Marine Site (EMS).Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).Flamborough Headland Heritage Coast.Dane’s Dyke Local Nature Reserve (LNR).Flamborough Outer Headland LNR.Flamborough South Landing LNR.Well defined area.Wide range of stakeholder involvement.Of recognised national, European and international importance.
8Questionnaire SurveyThe MarBEF survey was designed to gain insight into how visitors to the various case study sites value their marine biodiversity.The Flamborough Head survey was undertaken between Tuesday 18th September and Tuesday 6th November 2007 at four locations around the headland.230 questionnaires were completed including 222 ‘visitors’ and 8 ‘residents’.
12Participation in environmental related activities 94%97%21%71%50%17%30%
13Marine Biodiversity at Flamborough Head GroupReported number of speciesSourceMarine Invertebrates270George et al., 1988; Titley, 1988Marine Fish124Jones et al., 2004a; Jones et al., 2004bSea Mammals14Sea Watch Foundation, 2007Sea Birds32Jones et al., 2004a; N. Cutts, IECS, pers. comm., 2007Marine Algae112
15Valuation of Marine Biodiversity Conservation “…Suppose the only way to prevent a loss of species living in the sea around Flamborough Head was to establish a neutral conservation trust fund which could only be legally used for marine conservation of various types. Would you be willing to contribute in a once only payment to such a conservation trust fund?...”Willing to supportFrequency% FrequencyYes14063No8237Total222100
16Maximum Willingness-to-Pay “…What would be the maximum amount you would be willing to pay, in a once only payment to such a conservation trust, in order to avoid a decline in the number of species of marine invertebrates by 10% (c. 27 sp)?...”GroupnMin (£)Max (£)Mean (£)Std. Dev. (£)Median (£)Marine Invertebrates1390.00100.0012.2617.9010.00Marine Fish12.3017.676.00Sea Mammals14.6419.98Sea Birds13.7119.50Marine Algae12.6519.15Marine Biodiversity1.001,000.0071.91123.4140.00
17Our work is ongoing… Ongoing? …clearly visitors value Flamborough Head’s marine biodiversity but how do these values compare with those offered at the other MarBEF sites?Our evidence compliments that already available for Flamborough Head.…we are assembling all such evidence to permit a more complete evaluation of the ecosystem goods and services provided by Flamborough Head.
18Further Information D.Burdon@hull.ac.uk Website: www.marbef.org Beaumont et al., ‘Identification, definition and quantification of goods and services provided by marine biodiversity: Implications for the ecosystem approach’. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54(3), ppBurdon, D. & Atkins, J.P., in prep. ‘An initial economic evaluation of marine goods and services at Flamborough Head, UK’. IECS, University of Hull. Report to the EC.