Presentation on theme: "Daryl Burdon 1 & Jon Atkins 2 Flamborough Head: A MarBEF Case Study Site Daryl Burdon 1 & Jon Atkins 2 1 Institute of Estuarine & Coastal Studies (IECS),"— Presentation transcript:
Daryl Burdon 1 & Jon Atkins 2 Flamborough Head: A MarBEF Case Study Site Daryl Burdon 1 & Jon Atkins 2 1 Institute of Estuarine & Coastal Studies (IECS), University of Hull 2 Centre for Economic Policy, The Business School, University of Hull
EU MarBEF Project Aims to integrate and disseminate knowledge and experience on marine biodiversity, and contribute towards a decision support system for valuing marine biodiversity and ecosystem functioning Theme 3 of the programme encompasses socio- economics, including valuation of goods and services provided by coastal and marine ecosystems
Why use the Ecosystem Goods and Services approach? Integrative approach to identifying social, economic and environmental demands and pressures on ecosystems. Allows linkages between human and ecological systems to be understood by all stakeholders. Informs coastal managers and policy makers.
Ecosystem Goods and Services CategoryGood or service Production services 1Food provision 2Raw materials Regulation services 3Gas and climate regulation 4Disturbance prevention 5Bioremediation of waste Cultural services 6Cultural heritage and identity 7Cognitive values 8Leisure and recreation 9Feel good or warm glow Option use values10Future unknown or speculative benefits Over-arching support services 11Resilience and resistance 12Biologically mediated habitat 13Nutrient cycling From Beaumont et al., 2007
MarBEF Study Sites Study siteLead research institution Flamborough HeadUniversity of Hull, UK Isles of ScillyPlymouth Marine Laboratory, UK Pico-Faial Channel University of Azores / University of Wales Belgian part of the North Sea University of Ghent, Belgium Lister DeepRoskilde University, Denmark Gulf of GdańskUniversity of Gdańsk, Poland Atlantic FrontierPlymouth Marine Laboratory, UK
Why Flamborough Head? Well defined area. Wide range of stakeholder involvement. Of recognised national, European and international importance. Box 1: Current Site Designations Flamborough Head and Bempton Cliffs Special Protection Area (SPA). Flamborough Head Special Area of Conservation (SAC). European Marine Site (EMS). Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). Flamborough Headland Heritage Coast. Danes Dyke Local Nature Reserve (LNR). Flamborough Outer Headland LNR. Flamborough South Landing LNR.
Goods and Services at Flamborough Head
Questionnaire Survey The MarBEF survey was designed to gain insight into how visitors to the various case study sites value their marine biodiversity. The Flamborough Head survey was undertaken between Tuesday 18 th September and Tuesday 6 th November 2007 at four locations around the headland. 230 questionnaires were completed including 222 visitors and 8 residents.
Demographic of Respondents
Number of visitors interviewed from each postcode district Length of visitor stay Number of nightsFrequency% of respondents >1431 Total221100
Participation in environmental related activities 94% 97% 21% 71% 50% 17% 30%
Marine Biodiversity at Flamborough Head Group Reported number of species Source Marine Invertebrates270George et al., 1988; Titley, 1988 Marine Fish124Jones et al., 2004a; Jones et al., 2004b Sea Mammals14Sea Watch Foundation, 2007 Sea Birds32 Jones et al., 2004a; N. Cutts, IECS, pers. comm., 2007 Marine Algae112George et al., 1988; Titley, 1988
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Valuation of Marine Biodiversity Conservation Willing to supportFrequency% Frequency Yes14063 No8237 Total …Suppose the only way to prevent a loss of species living in the sea around Flamborough Head was to establish a neutral conservation trust fund which could only be legally used for marine conservation of various types. Would you be willing to contribute in a once only payment to such a conservation trust fund?...
Maximum Willingness-to-Pay GroupnMin (£)Max (£)Mean (£)Std. Dev. (£)Median (£) Marine Invertebrates Marine Fish Sea Mammals Sea Birds Marine Algae Marine Biodiversity , …What would be the maximum amount you would be willing to pay, in a once only payment to such a conservation trust, in order to avoid a decline in the number of species of marine invertebrates by 10% (c. 27 sp)?...
Our work is ongoing… Ongoing? …clearly visitors value Flamborough Heads marine biodiversity but how do these values compare with those offered at the other MarBEF sites? Our evidence compliments that already available for Flamborough Head. …we are assembling all such evidence to permit a more complete evaluation of the ecosystem goods and services provided by Flamborough Head.
Further Information Website: Beaumont et al., Identification, definition and quantification of goods and services provided by marine biodiversity: Implications for the ecosystem approach. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54(3), pp Burdon, D. & Atkins, J.P., in prep. An initial economic evaluation of marine goods and services at Flamborough Head, UK. IECS, University of Hull. Report to the EC.