Presentation on theme: "STUDENT RESOURCES: tudentresources/?view=usa Key terms: aetiological insights into myth anthropological."— Presentation transcript:
STUDENT RESOURCES: http://www.us.oup.com/us/companion.websites/019515889X/s tudentresources/?view=usa Key terms: aetiological insights into myth anthropological insights into myth Aphrodite cosmological insights into myth Heracles historical insights into myth Homer legend metaphysical insights into myth nostalgia Odysseus oral storytelling Poseidon psychological insights into myth sociological insights into myth Telemachus Trojan War urban legends
What Mythology Isn't False stories Just stories about gods and heroes
Some Questions to Ask about Mythology What cultural Insights does a myth tell us about the society that tells a particular story? What Roles do these myths play in this society? What functions do these myths serve?
Yet Do I Marvel by Countee Cullen I doubt not God is good, well-meaning, kind, And did He stoop to quibble could tell why The little buried mole continues blind, Why flesh that mirrors Him must someday die, Make plain the reason tortured Tantalus Is baited by the fickle fruit, declare If merely brute caprice dooms Sisyphus To struggle up a never-ending stair. Inscrutable His ways are, and immune To catechism by a mind too strewn With petty cares to slightly understand What awful brain compels His awful hand. Yet do I marvel at this curious thing: To make a poet black, and bid him sing.
What do these myths mean? Metaphysical Insights: what it means to be human (typical characteristics and limitations of humans, their relationship to a larger reality or principle) Psychological Insights: the struggles of individuals to become mature human beings and useful members of society
Urban Legends Like the oldest myths, Urban Legends are oral tales Like myths urban legends contain both fact and fiction
Alligators in the Sewer? –http://www.unmuseum.org/sgator.htmhttp://www.unmuseum.org/sgator.htm –http://urbanlegends.about.com/library/le gends/bl-alligators.htmhttp://urbanlegends.about.com/library/le gends/bl-alligators.htm
Intrepreting Alligators in the Sewers –Psychological Insights: the struggles of individuals to become mature human beings and useful members of society –Anthropological Insights: culture (the values and principles of a society) –Social or Sociological Insights: groups that people belong to or participate in (values about group behavior, standards for admission)
Myths and Legends as True Stories Mythology is made up of stories that are important to a society As a result of this importance, the stories become “fossilized” and are not updated to incorporate advances in science and technology It is easy to look at mythological stories and point out that they contain outdated science and technology, but this fact does not speak to the fundamental truths they represent for the societies that tell them
Myth and Science Aetiological Insights: explaining the origin or cause of a custom or a fact of the physical universe Cosmological Insights: the universe as understood by the best science available at the time Historical Insights: verifiable historical events reflected in mythical stories
Insights Provided by the Myth of the Trojan War Historical Insights Anthropological Insights Metaphysical Insights Aetiological Insights Cosmological Insights Sociological Insights Psychological Insights
Myth and “Many Voices” the experiences of Odysseus do not sum up the experiences of all Greeks when you are looking at a culture from the outside, it is easy to think that you are seeing elements that resemble your own views and values it is only with caution that parallels can be drawn with the experiences of different cultures
Other Myths in this Chapter Raven and Petrel (Pacific Northwest) pg. 7 Gitxsan myth (British Columbia) pp. 8-9 Epic of Gilgamesh (Babylonia)
What terms would you add? What terms would you delete? Key terms: aetiological insights into myth anthropological insights into myth Aphrodite cosmological insights into myth Heracles historical insights into myth Homer legend metaphysical insights into myth nostalgia Odysseus oral storytelling Poseidon psychological insights into myth sociological insights into myth Telemachus Trojan War urban legends