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STUDENT RESOURCES: tudentresources/?view=usa Key terms: aetiological insights into myth anthropological.

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Presentation on theme: "STUDENT RESOURCES: tudentresources/?view=usa Key terms: aetiological insights into myth anthropological."— Presentation transcript:

1 STUDENT RESOURCES: http://www.us.oup.com/us/companion.websites/019515889X/s tudentresources/?view=usa Key terms: aetiological insights into myth anthropological insights into myth Aphrodite cosmological insights into myth Heracles historical insights into myth Homer legend metaphysical insights into myth nostalgia Odysseus oral storytelling Poseidon psychological insights into myth sociological insights into myth Telemachus Trojan War urban legends

2 What Mythology Isn't False stories Just stories about gods and heroes

3 Some Questions to Ask about Mythology What cultural Insights does a myth tell us about the society that tells a particular story? What Roles do these myths play in this society? What functions do these myths serve?

4 Yet Do I Marvel by Countee Cullen

5 Yet Do I Marvel by Countee Cullen I doubt not God is good, well-meaning, kind, And did He stoop to quibble could tell why The little buried mole continues blind, Why flesh that mirrors Him must someday die, Make plain the reason tortured Tantalus Is baited by the fickle fruit, declare If merely brute caprice dooms Sisyphus To struggle up a never-ending stair. Inscrutable His ways are, and immune To catechism by a mind too strewn With petty cares to slightly understand What awful brain compels His awful hand. Yet do I marvel at this curious thing: To make a poet black, and bid him sing.

6 Honore Daumier [French Realist Illustrator, 1808-1879]

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9 Sisyphus on the Web http://www.mythweb.com/teachers/why/other/sisyphus.htmlhttp://www.mythweb.com/teachers/why/other/sisyphus.html on the Sisyphus myth http://stripe.colorado.edu/~morristo/sisyphus.htmlhttp://stripe.colorado.edu/~morristo/sisyphus.html An exerpt from Albert Camus’ Myth of Sisyphus. http://sisyphustracks.com/http://sisyphustracks.com/ “Sisyphus Tracks.” An internet alternative to great roots music http://www.livinglogic.de/Python/sisyphus/http://www.livinglogic.de/Python/sisyphus/ Sisyphus software. http://www.uh.edu/~jbutler/anon/projectsysisyphus.htmlhttp://www.uh.edu/~jbutler/anon/projectsysisyphus.html Project Sisyphus (designed to facilitate sharing ideas and experiences among faculty teaching introductory geoscience courses) http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/KAW/Sisyphus/http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/KAW/Sisyphus/ Sisyphus Projects. Knowledge Acquisition, Modeling and Management. http://www.embl-heidelberg.de/~rost/Papers/sisyphus.html#Abstracthttp://www.embl-heidelberg.de/~rost/Papers/sisyphus.html#Abstract “Sisyphus and protein structure prediction” by Burkhard Rost & Sean O'Donoghue in BioInformatics 1997 13, 345-356 http://www.pippinsoft.com/kds/kdsLarge.htmlhttp://www.pippinsoft.com/kds/kdsLarge.html Plant Sisyphus. An internet game in javascript. http://www.zillions-of-games.com/games/sisyphus.htmlhttp://www.zillions-of-games.com/games/sisyphus.html a game http://www.sluh.org/sisyphus/http://www.sluh.org/sisyphus/ The title of St. Louis High School’s literary magazine http://www.sluh.org/sisyphus/sisstory.htmhttp://www.sluh.org/sisyphus/sisstory.htm more on the magazine http://home.sol.no/~anrej/Church/Prometheus/Sisyphus_Island.htmlhttp://home.sol.no/~anrej/Church/Prometheus/Sisyphus_Island.html Sisyphus Island. Part of a literary-philosophical journey http://www.dungheap.com/taleEnd/aboutS.htmlhttp://www.dungheap.com/taleEnd/aboutS.html Sisyphus the Dung Beetle http://www.geocities.com/Athens/9366/sisyph1.htmhttp://www.geocities.com/Athens/9366/sisyph1.htm A Hindu comparison http://violet.umf.maine.edu/~sharkey/bpj/whitehead.htmlhttp://violet.umf.maine.edu/~sharkey/bpj/whitehead.html a poem by Gary J. Whitehead in the Beloit Literary Journal http://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/sisyphusrap.htmhttp://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/sisyphusrap.htm Sisyphus, a rap version http://journal.law.mcgill.ca/abs/461desbi.htm?french=1http://journal.law.mcgill.ca/abs/461desbi.htm?french=1 abstract from “From Sisyphus’s Dilemma to Sisyphus’s Duty? A Meditation on the Regulation of Hate Propaganda in Relation to Hate Crimes and Genocide” By Jean-François Gaudreault-DesBiens* in the McGill Law JournalJean-François Gaudreault-DesBiens* http://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/sisyphusandteaching.htmhttp://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/sisyphusandteaching.htm Sisyphus and Teaching Page http://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/sisyphus.htmhttp://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/sisyphus.htm “On Sisyphus and Teaching” by Edmund Sass http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A11471-2001Dec7http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A11471-2001Dec7 “Playing Sisyphus”, an op-ed piece by Jim Hoagland in the Washington Post December 9,2001 also appears as http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/opinion/50042_hoagland.shtmlhttp://seattlepi.nwsource.com/opinion/50042_hoagland.shtml “Remember the Myth of Sisyphus” another op-ed piece by Jim Hoagland in the Washington Post December 11, 2001. http://www.unesco.org/courier/2001_09/uk/dires.htmhttp://www.unesco.org/courier/2001_09/uk/dires.htm “Adam Michnik, the Sisyphus of Democracy” http://www.unesco.org/courier/2001_09/uk/dires.htmhttp://www.unesco.org/courier/2001_09/uk/dires.htm “Teaching Sisyphus to Juggle” an essay on teaching by Jim Burke from Educational Leadership Volume 57 Number 8 May 2000 http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/sisyphus_painter_the.htmlhttp://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/sisyphus_painter_the.html The Sisyphus Painter on the Internet http://www.cbass.com/Sisyphus.htmhttp://www.cbass.com/Sisyphus.htm “The Myth of the Sisyphus Revisited” By Richard Winett, Ph.D. on Sisyphus and athletic training http://vassun.vassar.edu/~sttaylor/FAMINE/Punch/Burden/Sisyphus.htmlhttp://vassun.vassar.edu/~sttaylor/FAMINE/Punch/Burden/Sisyphus.html “The Modern Sisyphus” an 1844 political cartoon by Richard Dolye (about the Ireland problem) http://www.speedbump.com/sisyphus.htmlhttp://www.speedbump.com/sisyphus.html a Sisyphus cartoon http://www.winnlederer.com/private/sisyphus.htmhttp://www.winnlederer.com/private/sisyphus.htm ”The Redemption of Sisyphus’ Watercolor Drawing, 1999

10 What do these myths mean? Metaphysical Insights: what it means to be human (typical characteristics and limitations of humans, their relationship to a larger reality or principle) Psychological Insights: the struggles of individuals to become mature human beings and useful members of society

11 Urban Legends Like the oldest myths, Urban Legends are oral tales Like myths urban legends contain both fact and fiction

12 Alligators in the Sewers

13 Alligators in the Sewer? –http://www.unmuseum.org/sgator.htmhttp://www.unmuseum.org/sgator.htm –http://urbanlegends.about.com/library/le gends/bl-alligators.htmhttp://urbanlegends.about.com/library/le gends/bl-alligators.htm

14 Intrepreting Alligators in the Sewers –Psychological Insights: the struggles of individuals to become mature human beings and useful members of society –Anthropological Insights: culture (the values and principles of a society) –Social or Sociological Insights: groups that people belong to or participate in (values about group behavior, standards for admission)

15 Myths and Legends as True Stories Mythology is made up of stories that are important to a society As a result of this importance, the stories become “fossilized” and are not updated to incorporate advances in science and technology It is easy to look at mythological stories and point out that they contain outdated science and technology, but this fact does not speak to the fundamental truths they represent for the societies that tell them

16 Myth and Science Aetiological Insights: explaining the origin or cause of a custom or a fact of the physical universe Cosmological Insights: the universe as understood by the best science available at the time Historical Insights: verifiable historical events reflected in mythical stories

17 The Trojan War : An Example of Myth

18 The Judgment of Paris Pierre Auguste Renoir 1841-1919

19 The Choice of Achilles

20 The Capture of Troy

21 The Story of Odysseus

22 The Coming of Age of Telemachus

23 Insights Provided by the Myth of the Trojan War Historical Insights Anthropological Insights Metaphysical Insights Aetiological Insights Cosmological Insights Sociological Insights Psychological Insights

24 Myth and “Many Voices” the experiences of Odysseus do not sum up the experiences of all Greeks when you are looking at a culture from the outside, it is easy to think that you are seeing elements that resemble your own views and values it is only with caution that parallels can be drawn with the experiences of different cultures

25 Other Myths in this Chapter Raven and Petrel (Pacific Northwest) pg. 7 Gitxsan myth (British Columbia) pp. 8-9 Epic of Gilgamesh (Babylonia)

26 What terms would you add? What terms would you delete? Key terms: aetiological insights into myth anthropological insights into myth Aphrodite cosmological insights into myth Heracles historical insights into myth Homer legend metaphysical insights into myth nostalgia Odysseus oral storytelling Poseidon psychological insights into myth sociological insights into myth Telemachus Trojan War urban legends


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