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To form the comparative of an adjective, English adds -er to shorter words ("prettier") or places more in front of more complicated ones ("more beautiful").

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Presentation on theme: "To form the comparative of an adjective, English adds -er to shorter words ("prettier") or places more in front of more complicated ones ("more beautiful")."— Presentation transcript:

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2 To form the comparative of an adjective, English adds -er to shorter words ("prettier") or places more in front of more complicated ones ("more beautiful"). Examples: AdjectiveComparative nice nicer Interestingmore interesting handsomemore handsome

3 No matter how long the adjective or adverb, German always adds -er ("schöner", "interessanter"). Never use mehr for this purpose. Adjective endings follow the -er. Examples: AdjectiveComparative nett (nice)netter (nicer) Interessant (interesting)interessanter (more interesting) h übsch (handsome)hübscher (more handsome)

4 Some adjectives, almost always monosyllabic with an a, o or u, add an umlaut. AdjectiveComparative arm (poor) ärmer (poorer) klug (clever)klüger (cleverer) scharf (sharp)schärfer (sharper) jung (young)jünger (younger) schwach (weak)schwächer (weaker) kurz (short)kürzer (shorter)

5 Adjectives ending in -el or -er normally drop the -e- before the comparative -er: AdjectiveComparative dunkel (dark)dunkler (darker) teuer (expensive)teurer (more expensive)

6 Some adjectives change their stems in other ways, as well: AdjectiveComparative gut (good)besser (better) hoch (high)h öher (higher) viel (much)mehr (more) bald (soon)eher (sooner)

7 als - than If you are comparing two things in German, you will use als – than. Examples Die Maus ist kleiner als der Hund. Das Pferd ist schneller als die Katze. Biologie ist interessanter als Geschichte. The mouse is smaller than the dog. The horse is faster than the cat. Biology is more interesting than History.


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