3 About William Shakespeare… born in Stratford-upon-Avon on or about April 23, 1564the third of eight children, three of whom died in childhood, born to John Shakespeare and Mary Arden.never went on to university.
4 About William Shakespeare… married Anne Hathaway on November 28, 1582.three children: a daughter, Susanna, and twins, Hamnet and Judith. Hamnet died at age 11.Globe theater was built in 1599Shakespeare wrote 37 plays (History, Tragedy, Comedy)Also wrote sonnets and poems
5 About William Shakespeare… Works offered something for everyone; rich and poor; educated and uneducatedShakespeare wanted to explore human behaviorTo understand how different people deal with life’s universal problems
6 Elizabethan Age… Queen Elizabeth I ruled England from 1558-1603 Elizabeth I strongly supports the artsArtists of all types were held in high esteemElizabethan Age produced some of the greatest works that England has ever seen.
7 Blank VerseShakespeare wrote in blank verse – poetry with lines that do not rhymeLines written in a pattern called iambic pentameteriamb: pair of syllables; unstressed, stressedPentameter: five measuresTen syllables in each lineSometimes changed the words to fit the pattern
8 “I do fear the people choose Caesar for their king.” William Shakespeare
9 History of Government in Rome Monarchy until 509 BCBrutus family drives king from power and Rome becomes a republicModerate democracy by 100 BC ruled by SenateTriumvirate was formed in 60 BCCaesar, Crassus, and Pompey
10 Historical Context: Julius Caesar Roman general and politicianLived from 100 to 44 BCGreatest military leader in Roman historyGained much support from the peopleSpent money on entertainmentFreed farmers from heavy taxes
11 Historical Context: Julius Caesar Senate ordered Caesar to disband his army around 50 BCCaesar refusedLed his forces in a civil war against the forces of Pompey.Caesar defeats Pompey in 45 BC and returns to Rome