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Types of Computers Desktop / Laptop PC / Mac Client / Server.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Computers Desktop / Laptop PC / Mac Client / Server."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Computers Desktop / Laptop PC / Mac Client / Server

2 Desktop v. Laptop Desktop –Keyboard –CPU –Disk drives –Monitor Laptop –Single portable unit with battery

3 Client / Server A server is a computer that is running software enabling it to serve specific requests from other computers, called clients.

4 Main Components CPU – Central Processing Unit Memory Motherboard Hard Drive Operating System Sound Card Graphics Card

5 ROM Read Only Memory “…computer memory on which data has been prerecorded. Once data has been written onto a ROM chip, it cannot be removed and can only be read. -Webopedia

6 GUI Graphical User Interface Icon-based command system

7 Mouse “A device that controls the movement of the cursor or pointer on a display screen…” -Tyson. How PCs work.

8 Input/Output Devices Monitor Keyboard Mouse Storage Devices (floppy, CD, flash, DVD) Ports (USB) Speaker Microphone Camera

9 Hard disk “This is large-capacity permanent storage used to hold information such as programs and documents.” -Tyson. How PCs Work.

10 Sound Card “This is used by the computer to record and play audio by converting analog sound into digital information and back again.” -Tyson. How PCs work.

11 Scanner “A device that reads data and inputs it to the computer…” -Wilson.

12 Ports Slots or spaces “on the outside of a computer to attach external devices such as printers, scanners, tape backup drives, removable CD-ROM or floppy-disk drives.” -Wilson. Ethernet USB Serial

13 LAN Local Area Network –Network covering a small geographic area

14 Binary Computers think in binary code All data is represented in 0s and 1s. This means every character (textual or numeric) must be converted to binary code to be processed by a computer. Additional reading –

15 ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange Additional reading for next week –

16 Networking Basics A network is a group of 2 or more computer systems linked together –LAN –WAN ml ml Additional reading – 29 29

17 Computers in Libraries Staff Public

18 Troubleshooting A single workstation produces an error message as soon as it is turned on, at the beginning of boot up. Could it be: –Workstation CPU –Workstation hard disk –Workstation monitor –Hub –Server

19 Troubleshooting A single workstation sounds like it is booting up, but the screen remains blank. Could it be: –Workstation CPU –Workstation disk storage –Workstation monitor –Hub –Server

20 The Internet Global computer network made up of smaller networks using common protocols

21 intranet Web site internal to an organization, limited to local access and contained within a firewall.

22 Bandwidth Width of the pipe. The amount of data that can be sent at once.

23 Firewall Software that blocks access and protects a network or PC

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