Presentation on theme: "Exoticism in Music in the early 1800s. The Exotic Other Examples exist back to early Baroque opera More interested in being Other than in being Accurate."— Presentation transcript:
Exoticism in Music in the early 1800s
The Exotic Other Examples exist back to early Baroque opera More interested in being Other than in being Accurate Compare to Injun music in early movies What meanings does this yield? Probably varies with time – Psychological justification for Imperialism Romantic escape from Enlightenment or conventional restraints
Haydn Gypsy Piano Trio (1795) Last movement, Rondo form [ABACA] The B and C parts feature more syncopated rhythms and chromatically altered scale
Mozart Opera – The Abduction from the Seraglio (1781) Turkish music – percussion, 2/4 time, rhythmically simple melody with dissonant ornamentation Both positive and negative representations of imaginary Turks
Mozart Rondo – last movement of a piano sonata Turkish music – percussive, 2/4 time, rhythmically simple melody with dissonant ornamentation
The military presence of the Ottoman Empire 2 nd Siege of Vienna, in the Baroque Era, – 1683 COFFEE, CROISSANTS, MUSIC & ARCHITECTURAL INFLUENCES
Belvedere Palace Turkish tents???
The OTTOMAN EMPIRE – 1683
Beethoven Symphony No. 9 (1824) International brotherhood! 3 long instrumental movements combined with VOICES in 4 th movement on the Ode to Joy text by Schiller. An evocation of Turkish music is tucked into the mix (ff to c. 3:30)
BASS O Freunde, nicht diese Töne! Sondern laßt uns angenehmere anstimmen, und freudenvollere. BASS AND CHORUS Freude, schöner Götterfunken Tochter aus Elysium, Wir betreten feuer-trunken, Himmlische, dein Heiligtum! Deine Zauber binden wieder Was die Mode streng geteilt; Alle Menschen werden Brüder, Wo dein sanfter Flügel weilt. O friends, not these sounds! Let us strike up something more pleasant, full of gladness. Joy, beautiful divine spark, Daughter of Elysium, We enter, drunk with fire, O heavenly one, your holy shrine. Your magic once again bonds together What custom strictly divided, All Mankind become brothers Where your gentle wings hold sway.
Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna
A Romantic Date – 1808 Goya, Executions of the Third of May, Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 (and 6) PIVOTAL WORKS BETWEEN CLASSICAL & ROMANTIC MUSIC
Chopin Frederic Chopin Mazurka in B-flat Major, Opus 7, No.1 (1832) C section in ABACA form chromatic, exotic melody in distant high register
Carmen Opera by Bizet Carmen, a character in the opera, is a Gypsy woman. Her music is characteristically chromatic. Male characters have more diatonic music.