3 IT/ICTIT or ICT is the branch of engineeringthe use of computers and telecommunicationsICT stands for 'Information and Communication Technology'.IT stands for 'Information Technology'.The two are very similar. The main difference is that IT is more widely used within industry, whereas ICT is applied to the academic and education side and used in places of learning: what is ICTtechnology that are used to transmit, store, create, display, share or exchange information by electronic means. This broad definition of ICT includes such technologies as radio, television, video, DVD, telephone (both fixed line and mobile phones), satellite systems, computer and network hardware and software; as well as the equipment and services associated with these technologies, such as videoconferencing, and blogs.
5 What are these different kinds of computing degree programs? How are they similar?How do they differ?The computing curricula volumes can be found at andIT Curriculum 2008 is available --- open hereCS 2008 is available --- hereIS Curriculum open here
6 This major contextual change has several factors driving it, including: Complex globally distributed information systems development –Web technologies and development - matureEmergence of a new architectural paradigm – Service-oriented architecture, Web services, software-as-a-service, and cloud computing are all important elements in the new way of organizing the fundamental architecture for computer-based systemsERP/packaged software – Information systems and business processes have become closely integrated, and increasingly often, core infrastructure applications are based on large-scale enterprise systems. ERP (enterprise resource planning)Ubiquitous mobile computing – Global organizational life using a variety of devices has become dependent on mobile and ubiquitous platforms.IT control and infrastructure frameworks – Frameworks and standards such as COBIT, ITIL, and ISO have become very important sources of guidance for IT/IS practices in organizations through governance models.
9 What Is Computing?Any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computersComputing includes designing and building hardware and software systems for a wide range of purposes;processing, structuring, and managing various kinds of information;doing scientific studies using computers;making computer systems behave intelligently;creating and using communications and entertainment media;finding and gathering information relevant to any particular purpose, and so on.Computing also has other meaningsFor example, an information systems specialist will view computing somewhat differently from a software engineer.
10 Information technology programs began in the late 1990s During the 1990s, computers became essentialwork tools at every level of most organizations, andnetworked computer systems became the information backbone of organizationsWhile this improved productivity, it also created new workplace dependencies as problems in the computing infrastructure can limit employees’ ability to do their work.IT departments within corporations and other organizationstook on the new job of ensuring that the organization’s computing infrastructure was suitable, that it worked reliably, and that people in the organization had their computing-related needs met, problems solved, etc.
12 CE (Computer Engineering) concerned design and construction of computers and computer-based systemsIt involves the study of hardware, software, communications, and the interaction among themIts curriculum focuses on the theories, principles, and practices of traditional electrical engineering and mathematics and applies them to the problems of designing computers and computer-based devicesStudy software development, focusing on software for digital devices and their interfaces with users and other devicesCE has a strong engineering flavorCurrently, a dominant area within computing engineering is embedded systems,For example, devices such as cell phones, digital audio players, digital video recorders, alarm systems, x-ray machines, and laser surgical tools all require integration of hardware and embedded software and all are the result of computer engineering
13 CS (Computer Science) Computer science spans a wide range: developments in robotics, computer vision, intelligent systems, bioinformatics, and other exciting areasThe work of computer scientists as falling into three categoriesThey design and implement software: challenging programming jobs.CS researchers are working with scientists from other fields to make robots become practical and intelligent aides, to use databases to create new knowledge, and to use computers to help decipher the secrets of our DNA.Computer science spans the range from theory through programming
14 IS (Information System) IS focus onintegrating information technology solutions and business processes to meet the information needs of businessesUnderstand both technical and organizational factorsserve as an effective bridge between the technical and management communities within an organizationA majority of Information Systems (IS) programs are located in business schools.All IS degrees combine business and computing coursework.For example, programs in Computer Information Systems usually have the strongest technology focus, while programs in Management Information Systems emphasize the organizational and behavioral aspects of IS.
15 IT (Information Technology) IT is often usedto refer to all of computing.degree programs that prepare students to meet the computer technology needs of business, government, healthcare, schools, and other kinds of organizationsThe systems must work properly, be secure, and upgraded, maintained, and replaced as appropriatepossess the right combination of knowledge and practical, hands-on expertise to take care of both an organization’s information technology infrastructure and the people who use itIT specialists assume responsibility for selecting hardware and software products appropriate for an organization, integrating those products with organizational needs and infrastructure, and installing, customizing, and maintaining those applications for the organization’s computer usersExamples of these responsibilities: the installation of networks; network administration and security; the design of web pages; the development of multimedia resources; the installation of communication components; the oversight of systems; and the planning and management of the technology lifecycle by which an organization’s technology is maintained, upgraded, and replaced
16 SE (Software Engineering) SE is the discipline of developing and maintaining software systemsintegrate the principles of mathematics and computer science with the engineering practiceslearn more about software reliability and maintenance and focus more on techniques for developing and maintaining software that is correct from its inception