Decoding Mathematical Reasoning and Reading are not as different as you may think! math-uh-mat-iks Origin: 1350–1400; ME mathematic < L mathēmatica ( ars ) < Gk mathēmatikḕ ( téchnē ) scientific (craft), equiv. to mathēmat- (s. of máthēma ) science, knowledge + - ikē, fem. of -ikos -ic; see -ics-ic-ics
Literacy How common is literacy? Depends… What do we mean by literate? Mathematically literate? How would you define that? Arithmetic? Algebra? Calculus?
Is the student “literate”? Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write basic communication total population: 82% male: 87% female: 77% Definition: the ability to read and write at a specified age.
Practice? How much time does the average American spend reading per day? 5 minutes! This includes street signs… T-shirts… And the TV Guide… Oh, and texting.
Reading, not “The Cat in the Hat”! What do reading teachers do? Linguistics · Phonetics and phonology are concerned with the study of speech sounds. Within psycholinguistics, research focuses on how the brain processes and understands these sounds.Phoneticsphonology · Morphology is the study of word structures, especially the relationships between related words (such as dog and dogs) and the formation of words based on rules (such as plural formation).Morphology · Syntax is the study of the patterns which dictate how words are combined together to form sentences.Syntax · Semantics deals with the meaning of words and sentences. Where syntax is concerned with the formal structure of sentences, semantics deals with the actual meaning of sentences.Semanticsmeaning · Pragmatics is concerned with the role of context in the interpretation of meaning.Pragmaticscontext
Psycho- Linguistics Cognitive Theory Learning and the Brain Eye – Brain Connection How is language acquired and stored?
Socio-Linguistics Society, culture, peer groups, and you! The existence of differences in language between social classes can be illustrated by the following table:social classes Bristolian Dialect (lower class)... Standard English (higher class) I ain't done nothing... I haven't done anything I done it yesterday... I did it yesterday It weren't me that done it... I didn't do it
Which one is “right”? The differences in grammar between the two examples of speech is referred to as differences between social class dialects or sociolects. sociolects For example… is Ebonics a language?
Barriers to reading? Physical Mental Social Parental Cultural Motivational More?
Reading Level Grade level and experience? 52, 54, 56, 158 Literate in another language? Vocabulary and Comprehension