2 Map of Political Revolutions GermanyRussiaBritish coloniesIn AmericaFranceMexicoSpanishcoloniesIn America
3 Timeline for the Age of Reason ScienceCopernicusIsaacNewtonGalileoDescartesVoltaireJohnLockeMontesquieuRousseauPoliticalRevolutionsPolitics
4 II. The Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution: A change in the way people looked for answers to life’s questionsAge of Reason: A time of REASON, not faith
5 Scientific MethodProcess of experimentation and observation
6 Geocentric Theory Everything revolves around the Earth Supported by Catholic Church
7 Heliocentric Theory All planets revolve around the sun Proven with telescopeWent against Church
8 Great Scientists of the Scientific Revolution NameWhat they didEffects on SocietyCopernicusGalileoNewtonDescartesSun-centered universe(heliocentric)Could not prove his theoryProved Church was wrongProved heliocentric theoryIdea that “natural laws” existTheory of GravityScientific method & Age of ReasonUsed reasoning instead of faith to find answers
9 III. The Enlightenment John Locke Montesquieu NameIdeasJohn LockeMontesquieuRousseauVoltaireAll people have natural rightsGov’t should protect rights or else ppl should overthrow it3 branches of gov’tSocial contractMajority Rule*Freedom of speech!
10 Absolute monarchs who used their Power for the good of the people Enlightened DespotsAbsolute monarchs who used theirPower for the good of the people
11 IV. Impact of the Enlightenment Common people became aware that they had RIGHTS!REVOLUTIONS begin!
12 Political Revolutions The 3 Political Revolutions we will study about:AmericanFrenchLatin American
27 VI. Revolutions in Latin America When: Early 1800sWhere: Spanish colonies in AmericaGoal: Freedom from Spanish control
28 Causes of Revolutions in Latin America Spanish controlAmerican and French revolutions showed you could overthrow European rule
29 Simon BolivarGreat revolutionary leader against the Spanish in Latin America
30 Results of Revolutions in Latin America Spain gave up its colonies in Latin AmericaNew nations were created
31 Essential QuestionsHow did the Scientific Revolution help prepare the way for the Enlightenment?How did Europeans try to apply the ideas of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment to society?Why was the American Revolution an important turning point in global history?What changes in political thinking were brought about by the French Revolution?
32 Broke from British Got independence Successful Still around today 5. Compare and contrast the short term and long term results of these political revolutions:RevolutionShort termLong termAmericanFrenchLatin AmericanBroke from BritishGot independenceSuccessfulStill around todayOverthrew king,got independenceNOT successfulMonarchy returnedNOT successfulWealthy benefitedPoor still sufferedBroke from SpainGot independence