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Global History Review REVOLUTION.

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Presentation on theme: "Global History Review REVOLUTION."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global History Review REVOLUTION

2 Map of Political Revolutions
Germany Russia British colonies In America France Mexico Spanish colonies In America

3 Timeline for the Age of Reason
Science Copernicus Isaac Newton Galileo Descartes Voltaire John Locke Montesquieu Rousseau Political Revolutions Politics

4 II. The Scientific Revolution
The Scientific Revolution: A change in the way people looked for answers to life’s questions Age of Reason: A time of REASON, not faith

5 Scientific Method Process of experimentation and observation

6 Geocentric Theory Everything revolves around the Earth
Supported by Catholic Church

7 Heliocentric Theory All planets revolve around the sun
Proven with telescope Went against Church

8 Great Scientists of the Scientific Revolution
Name What they did Effects on Society Copernicus Galileo Newton Descartes Sun-centered universe (heliocentric) Could not prove his theory Proved Church was wrong Proved heliocentric theory Idea that “natural laws” exist Theory of Gravity Scientific method & Age of Reason Used reasoning instead of faith to find answers

9 III. The Enlightenment John Locke Montesquieu
Name Ideas John Locke Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire All people have natural rights Gov’t should protect rights or else ppl should overthrow it 3 branches of gov’t Social contract Majority Rule *Freedom of speech!

10 Absolute monarchs who used their Power for the good of the people
Enlightened Despots Absolute monarchs who used their Power for the good of the people

11 IV. Impact of the Enlightenment
Common people became aware that they had RIGHTS! REVOLUTIONS begin!

12 Political Revolutions
The 3 Political Revolutions we will study about: American French Latin American

13 V. American Revolution Cross it out!

14 VI. French Revolution When: 1780s and 1790s Where: France
Goal: New gov’t to protect the ppl

15 Causes of the French Revolution
Unfair social class system .5% 1st Estate Clergy Enjoyed all the privileges 1.5% 2nd Estate Nobles 98% 3rd Estate Middle Class (Bourgeoisie) Common ppl, Peasants Paid all the taxes

16 Causes of the French Revolution
Economic problems (starvation of poor!) Enlightenment ideas (ppl realize they have rights!) American Revolution (ppl see it is possible to change their gov’t)

17 Important Concepts of the French Rev BASTILLE
French prison stormed by peasants Start of Revolution – Bastille Day! July 14th

18 Estates-General Like Congress – makes laws

19 Declaration of the Rights of Man
Like the Declaration of Independence Ended special privileges for 1st and 2nd estates

20 Radicals (Jacobins) Want huge change immediately – use violence
Led by Robespierre

21 Reign of Terror Began with beheading of Louis XVI
Tens of thousands killed without real trials



24 The Directory Moderate gov’t after Reign of Terror
Weak and inefficient


26 Napoleon

27 VI. Revolutions in Latin America
When: Early 1800s Where: Spanish colonies in America Goal: Freedom from Spanish control

28 Causes of Revolutions in Latin America
Spanish control American and French revolutions showed you could overthrow European rule

29 Simon Bolivar Great revolutionary leader against the Spanish in Latin America

30 Results of Revolutions in Latin America
Spain gave up its colonies in Latin America New nations were created

31 Essential Questions How did the Scientific Revolution help prepare the way for the Enlightenment? How did Europeans try to apply the ideas of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment to society? Why was the American Revolution an important turning point in global history? What changes in political thinking were brought about by the French Revolution?

32 Broke from British Got independence Successful Still around today
5. Compare and contrast the short term and long term results of these political revolutions: Revolution Short term Long term American French Latin American Broke from British Got independence Successful Still around today Overthrew king, got independence NOT successful Monarchy returned NOT successful Wealthy benefited Poor still suffered Broke from Spain Got independence

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